Pulmonary Artery Stiffness by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Predicts Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Abstract:

:In this prospective pilot study, we aimed to evaluate the ability of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) parameters of right ventricular function and pulmonary artery stiffness to identify pulmonary hypertension (PH), predict major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with secondary PH due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to estimate a prospective sample size necessary for a reliable power of the study. Thirty consecutive patients with COPD and suspected secondary PH were assessed by clinical examination, the six minute walk test, echocardiography, right heart catheterization and CMR, and followed-up for a mean period of 16 months to identify MACEs (cardiac death, ventricular tachyarrhythmia, and heart failure). Among CMR parameters of pulmonary artery stiffness, pulse wave velocity (PWV) yielded the best sensitivity (93.5%) and specificity (92.8%) for identifying PH, as diagnosed by cardiac catheterization. Moreover, PWV proved to be a valuable predictor of MACEs (HR = 4.75, 95% CI 1.00 to 22.59, p = 0.03). In conclusion, PWV by phase-contrast CMR can accurately identify PH in patients with COPD and may help stratify prognosis.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Agoston-Coldea L,Lupu S,Mocan T

doi

10.1038/s41598-018-32784-6

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-09-27 00:00:00

pages

14447

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-018-32784-6

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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