Interest in Learning About Fertility Status Among Male Adolescent and Young Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:As many as two-thirds of male childhood cancer survivors are at risk for fertility impairment as a consequence of treatment. Despite this, survivorship guidelines lack concrete recommendations as to when fertility status conversations should happen between patients and providers and what should be discussed. Thus, conversations may be inconsistent, or do not occur at all in survivorship. To inform recommendations for fertility-related conversations in survivorship, this pilot study aimed to better understand background (e.g., age, diagnosis and treatment intensity) and psychosocial factors (i.e., perceived barriers and perceived susceptibility) associated with survivor interest in learning about fertility status. METHODS:Male survivors (N = 45) 15-25 years of age were recruited within 1-8 years of completing treatment. Survivors completed questionnaires based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) to assess perception of infertility risk and attitudes toward testing. RESULTS:Most survivors (n = 31; 69%) reported they were informed of their risk for infertility by a healthcare provider before treatment, but only 31% (n = 14) of the sample banked sperm. Nearly two-thirds of survivors (n = 29; 64%) were interested in learning more about their fertility post-treatment. This interest was significantly correlated with greater perceived susceptibility to infertility by survivors, but it was not associated with other psychosocial or background factors. CONCLUSION:Informing survivors of their personal infertility risk may increase interest in pursuing testing. Offering opportunities for fertility testing and family planning alternatives may mitigate potential psychological distress and unplanned pregnancy. While additional research is needed, future survivorship guidelines should encourage regular communication about fertility status and offer fertility testing for male survivors.

authors

Ferrante AC,Gerhardt CA,Yeager ND,Rausch JR,Lehmann V,O'Brien S,Quinn GP,Nahata L

doi

10.1089/jayao.2018.0094

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-01 00:00:00

pages

61-66

issue

1

eissn

2156-5333

issn

2156-535X

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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