Phenol: a complex chemoeffector in bacterial chemotaxis.


:Earlier observations that phenol is a repellent for Salmonella typhimurium but an attractant for Escherichia coli were confirmed. This behavioral difference was found to correlate with a difference in the effect phenol had on receptor methylation levels; it caused net demethylation in S. typhimurium but net methylation in E. coli. On the basis of mutant behavior and measurement of phenol-stimulated methylation, the attractant response of E. coli was shown to be mediated principally by the Tar receptor. In S. typhimurium, two receptors were found to be sensitive to phenol, namely, an unidentified receptor, which mediated the repellent response and showed phenol-stimulated demethylation; and the Tar receptor, which (as with E. coli) mediated the attractant response and showed phenol-stimulated methylation. In wild-type S. typhimurium, the former receptor dominated the Tar receptor, with respect to both behavior and methylation changes. However, when the amount of Tar receptor was artificially increased by the use of Tar-encoding plasmids, S. typhimurium cells exhibited an attractant response to phenol. No protein analogous to the phenol-specific repellent receptor was evident in E. coli, explaining the different behavioral responses of the two species toward phenol.


J Bacteriol


Journal of bacteriology


Imae Y,Oosawa K,Mizuno T,Kihara M,Macnab RM




Has Abstract


1987-01-01 00:00:00












  • Temperature-sensitive sporulation caused by a mutation in the Bacillus subtilis secY gene.

    abstract::A thermosensitive sporulation mutant of Bacillus subtilis containing a mutation in the secY gene was isolated and characterized. No asymmetric septum specific to the sporulation was detected by electron microscopy at the nonpermissive temperature, indicating that the block occurred at a very early stage of sporulation...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoshikawa H,Jeong SM,Hirata A,Kawamura F,Doi RH,Takahashi H

    更新日期:1993-06-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro construction of gshB::kan in Escherichia coli and use of gshB::kan in mapping the gshB locus.

    abstract::The Escherichia coli structural gene for glutathione synthetase, gshB, was cloned into pBR322. Plasmids containing gshB were able to complement the glutathione requirement of a trxA gshB double mutant, and cells containing the plasmids were found to have elevated levels of glutathione synthetase. A mutant gshB allele ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daws T,Lim CJ,Fuchs JA

    更新日期:1989-09-01 00:00:00

  • Physical and functional characteristics of R-factor deoxyribonucleic acid segregated into Escherichia coli minicells.

    abstract::Both fi(+) and fi(-) type R factors function as intact replicative units when segregated into Escherichia coli minicells. Hybridization studies demonstrate that at least 95% of the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in R(+) minicells is episomal in origin. About half of the DNA can be extracted in a closed circular form and ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levy SB

    更新日期:1971-10-01 00:00:00

  • LuxArray, a high-density, genomewide transcription analysis of Escherichia coli using bioluminescent reporter strains.

    abstract::A sequenced collection of plasmid-borne random fusions of Escherichia coli DNA to a Photorhabdus luminescens luxCDABE reporter was used as a starting point to select a set of 689 nonredundant functional gene fusions. This group, called LuxArray 1.0, represented 27% of the predicted transcriptional units in E. coli. Hi...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Dyk TK,DeRose EJ,Gonye GE

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cloning and heterologous expression of the entire gene clusters for PD 116740 from Streptomyces strain WP 4669 and tetrangulol and tetrangomycin from Streptomyces rimosus NRRL 3016.

    abstract::The genes for the complete pathways for two polycyclic aromatic polyketides of the angucyclinone class have been cloned and heterologously expressed. Genomic DNAs of Streptomyces rimosus NRRL 3016 and Streptomyces strain WP 4669 were partially digested with MboI, and libraries (ca. 40-kb fragments) in Escherichia coli...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hong ST,Carney JR,Gould SJ

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regulatory circuit for responses of nitrogen catabolic gene expression to the GLN3 and DAL80 proteins and nitrogen catabolite repression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    abstract::We demonstrate that expression of the UGA1, CAN1, GAP1, PUT1, PUT2, PUT4, and DAL4 genes is sensitive to nitrogen catabolite repression. The expression of all these genes, with the exception of UGA1 and PUT2, also required a functional GLN3 protein. In addition, GLN3 protein was required for expression of the DAL1, DA...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daugherty JR,Rai R,el Berry HM,Cooper TG

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Pseudomonas stutzeri-Specific Regulatory Noncoding RNA NfiS Targets katB mRNA Encoding a Catalase Essential for Optimal Oxidative Resistance and Nitrogenase Activity.

    abstract::Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501 is a versatile nitrogen-fixing bacterium capable of living in diverse environments and coping with various oxidative stresses. NfiS, a regulatory noncoding RNA (ncRNA) involved in the control of nitrogen fixation in A1501, was previously shown to be required for optimal resistance to H2O2; h...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Zhan Y,Yan Y,Liu Y,Hu G,Wang S,Yang H,Qiu X,Liu Y,Li J,Lu W,Elmerich C,Lin M

    更新日期:2019-09-06 00:00:00

  • Proline-dependent regulation of Clostridium difficile Stickland metabolism.

    abstract::Clostridium difficile, a proteolytic Gram-positive anaerobe, has emerged as a significant nosocomial pathogen. Stickland fermentation reactions are thought to be important for growth of C. difficile and appear to influence toxin production. In Stickland reactions, pairs of amino acids donate and accept electrons, gene...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bouillaut L,Self WT,Sonenshein AL

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Diverse substrate range of a Flavobacterium pentachlorophenol hydroxylase and reaction stoichiometries.

    abstract::An understanding of the enzymatic reactions catalyzing the degradation of substituted phenols, a major group of environmental pollutants, is required for the development of biological methods for the decontamination of halophenol-polluted sites. We found that a flavomonooxygenase, pentachlorophenol hydroxylase, isolat...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xun L,Topp E,Orser CS

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pleiotropic effects of ribosomal mutations for cycloheximide resistance in a double-resistant homocaryon of Neurospora crassa.

    abstract::Pleiotropic effects of two ribosomal mutations for cycloheximide resistance were studied in a double-resistant homocaryon. The results obtained indicated that the combination of the two ribosomal mutations results in: (i) morphological abnormalities which suggest a severe distortion in the extension of cell walls and ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vomvoyanni VE,Argyrakis MP

    更新日期:1979-08-01 00:00:00

  • Fusion of yeast spheroplasts.

    abstract::Spheroplasts of two different auxotrophic strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, both of mating type a, were fused with the aid of polyethylene glycol and calcium ions. After reversion to vegetative cells in solid media, the resulting zygotes were shown to be diploid cells of mating type aa. ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Solingen P,van der Plaat JB

    更新日期:1977-05-01 00:00:00

  • Functional analysis of a rickettsial OmpA homology domain of Shigella flexneri icsA.

    abstract::Shigella flexneri is a gram-negative bacterium that causes diarrhea and dysentery by invasion and spread through the colonic epithelium. Bacteria spread by assembling actin and other cytoskeletal proteins of the host into "actin tails" at the bacterial pole; actin tail assembly provides the force required to move bact...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Charles M,Magdalena J,Theriot JA,Goldberg MB

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Crystal structure of pyridoxal kinase from the Escherichia coli pdxK gene: implications for the classification of pyridoxal kinases.

    abstract::The pdxK and pdxY genes have been found to code for pyridoxal kinases, enzymes involved in the pyridoxal phosphate salvage pathway. Two pyridoxal kinase structures have recently been published, including Escherichia coli pyridoxal kinase 2 (ePL kinase 2) and sheep pyridoxal kinase, products of the pdxY and pdxK genes,...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Safo MK,Musayev FN,di Salvo ML,Hunt S,Claude JB,Schirch V

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • The State of the Union Is Strong: a Review of ASM's 6th Conference on Cell-Cell Communication in Bacteria.

    abstract::The 6th American Society for Microbiology Conference on Cell-Cell Communication in Bacteria convened from 16 to 19 October 2017 in Athens, GA. In this minireview, we highlight some of the research presented at that meeting that addresses central questions emerging in the field, including the following questions. How a...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brown SP,Blackwell HE,Hammer BK

    更新日期:2018-06-25 00:00:00

  • Role of genetic redundancy in polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) polymerases in PHA biosynthesis in Rhodospirillum rubrum.

    abstract::This study investigated the apparent genetic redundancy in the biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) in the Rhodospirillum rubrum genome revealed by the occurrence of three homologous PHA polymerase genes (phaC1, phaC2, and phaC3). In vitro biochemical assays established that each gene product encodes PHA polym...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jin H,Nikolau BJ

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • The thioredoxin system of Penicillium chrysogenum and its possible role in penicillin biosynthesis.

    abstract::Penicillium chrysogenum is an important producer of penicillin antibiotics. A key step in their biosynthesis is the oxidative cyclization of delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) to isopenicillin N by the enzyme isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS). bis-ACV, the oxidized disulfide form of ACV is, however, ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen G,Argaman A,Schreiber R,Mislovati M,Aharonowitz Y

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Multiple signals direct the assembly and function of a type 1 secretion system.

    abstract::Type 1 secretion systems (T1SS) are present in a wide range of Gram-negative bacteria and are involved in the secretion of diverse substrates such as proteases, lipases, and hemophores. T1SS consist of three proteins: an inner membrane ABC (ATP binding cassette) protein, a periplasmic adaptor, and an outer membrane ch...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masi M,Wandersman C

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Genome sequence of Lactococcus raffinolactis strain 4877, isolated from natural dairy starter culture.

    abstract::The nonstarter lactic acid bacterium Lactococcus raffinolactis is prevalent in a wide range of environments, such as the dairy environment, but little is known about this species. Here, we present the draft genome of Lactococcus raffinolactis strain 4877, isolated from a natural mesophilic dairy starter culture. ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meslier V,Loux V,Renault P

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Topological model of the Rhodobacter capsulatus light-harvesting complex I assembly protein LhaA (previously known as ORF1696).

    abstract::A theoretical topology of the Rhodobacter capsulatus membrane protein LhaA was formulated and evaluated by gene fusion experiments. The apparent topological locations of fusion enzymes were compared with the theoretically derived structure, and a model of LhaA is suggested that consists of 12 transmembrane segments, w...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young CS,Beatty JT

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • Chromosomal and extrachromosomal synthesis of exfoliative toxin from Staphylococcus hyicus.

    abstract::Evidence for the existence of two molecular species of exfoliative toxin (ET) synthesized by Staphylococcus hyicus (SHET) under chromosomal and plasmid control is presented. Serological evidence that these molecular species of toxins are distinct from each other is given. The molecular weights of SHET from plasmidless...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sato H,Watanabe T,Higuchi K,Teruya K,Ohtake A,Murata Y,Saito H,Aizawa C,Danbara H,Maehara N

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Structural characterization and assembly of the distal tail structure of the temperate lactococcal bacteriophage TP901-1.

    abstract::The tail structures of bacteriophages infecting gram-positive bacteria are largely unexplored, although the phage tail mediates the initial interaction with the host cell. The temperate Lactococcus lactis phage TP901-1 of the Siphoviridae family has a long noncontractile tail with a distal baseplate. In the present st...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vegge CS,Brøndsted L,Neve H,Mc Grath S,van Sinderen D,Vogensen FK

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • A Sorangium cellulosum (myxobacterium) gene cluster for the biosynthesis of the macrolide antibiotic soraphen A: cloning, characterization, and homology to polyketide synthase genes from actinomycetes.

    abstract::A 40-kb region of DNA from Sorangium cellulosum So ce26, which contains polyketide synthase (PKS) genes for synthesis of the antifungal macrolide antibiotic soraphen A, was cloned. These genes were detected by homology to Streptomyces violaceoruber genes encoding components of granaticin PKS, thus extending this power...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schupp T,Toupet C,Cluzel B,Neff S,Hill S,Beck JJ,Ligon JM

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Convenient method for detecting 14CO2 in multiple samples: application to rapid screening for mutants.

    abstract::A procedure is presented for the rapid screening of bacterial colonies to detect mutants unable to produce 14CO2 from a labeled precursor. The method is especially useful for mass screening for mutants that cannot be easily detected by their phenotypic characteristics. ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tabor H,Tabor CW,Hafner EW

    更新日期:1976-10-01 00:00:00

  • The rep mutation. III. Altered structure of the replicating Escherichia coli chromosome.

    abstract::The rep gene function of Escherichia coli is essential for the replication of P2 and phiX174 double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Compared with isogenic rep(+) strains, rep mutants show the following characteristics: larger cell size, more DNA per cell, and a slightly lower DNA/mass ratio. The replicating rep ...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lane HE,Denhardt DT

    更新日期:1974-11-01 00:00:00

  • Caulobacter crescentus pili: structure and stage-specific expression.

    abstract::Pili are functionally expressed during the predivisional and swarmer stages of the Caulobacter crescentus differentiation cycle. They appear on the developing swarmer pole and at the same cellular location as flagella and the phiCbK receptor sites. Pili disappear when the swarmer cell differentiates into a stalked cel...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lagenaur C,Agabian N

    更新日期:1977-07-01 00:00:00

  • Positive selection for loss-of-function tat mutations identifies critical residues required for TatA activity.

    abstract::The Tat system, found in the cytoplasmic membrane of many bacteria, is a general export pathway for folded proteins. Here we describe the development of a method, based on the transport of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, that allows positive selection of mutants defective in Tat function. We have demonstrated the u...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hicks MG,Lee PA,Georgiou G,Berks BC,Palmer T

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • The penicillinase of Bacillus licheniformis is an outer membrane protein in Escherichia coli.

    abstract::The cloned gene coding for Bacillus licheniformis penicillinase (penP) was introduced into Escherichia coli in a heat-inducible lambda Qam vector. After induction, significant amounts of penicillinase were synthesized in the new host. The cellular location of the penicillinase was found to be almost exclusively the ou...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarvas MO,Palva IA

    更新日期:1983-08-01 00:00:00

  • Amino acid compostion of walls from single and filamentous cells of Clostridium acidiurici.

    abstract::Gaffar, Abdul (Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah), David R. Terry, and Richard D. Sagers. Amino acid composition of walls from single and filamentous cells of Clostridium acidiurici. J. Bacteriol. 91:1618-1624. 1966.-The walls from single and filamentous cells of Clostridium acidiurici were shown to contain 11 ami...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaffar A,Terry DR,Sagers RD

    更新日期:1966-04-01 00:00:00

  • Transcriptome Analysis of Escherichia coli during dGTP Starvation.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Our laboratory recently discovered that Escherichia coli cells starved for the DNA precursor dGTP are killed efficiently (dGTP starvation) in a manner similar to that described for thymineless death (TLD). Conditions for specific dGTP starvation can be achieved by depriving an E. coli optA1 gpt strain of the...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Itsko M,Schaaper RM

    更新日期:2016-05-13 00:00:00

  • Response of the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus to UV damage.

    abstract::In order to characterize the genome-wide transcriptional response of the hyperthermophilic, aerobic crenarchaeote Sulfolobus solfataricus to UV damage, we used high-density DNA microarrays which covered 3,368 genetic features encoded on the host genome, as well as the genes of several extrachromosomal genetic elements...

    journal_title:Journal of bacteriology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fröls S,Gordon PM,Panlilio MA,Duggin IG,Bell SD,Sensen CW,Schleper C

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00