The interaction landscape between transcription factors and the nucleosome.

Abstract:

:Nucleosomes cover most of the genome and are thought to be displaced by transcription factors in regions that direct gene expression. However, the modes of interaction between transcription factors and nucleosomal DNA remain largely unknown. Here we systematically explore interactions between the nucleosome and 220 transcription factors representing diverse structural families. Consistent with earlier observations, we find that the majority of the studied transcription factors have less access to nucleosomal DNA than to free DNA. The motifs recovered from transcription factors bound to nucleosomal and free DNA are generally similar. However, steric hindrance and scaffolding by the nucleosome result in specific positioning and orientation of the motifs. Many transcription factors preferentially bind close to the end of nucleosomal DNA, or to periodic positions on the solvent-exposed side of the DNA. In addition, several transcription factors usually bind to nucleosomal DNA in a particular orientation. Some transcription factors specifically interact with DNA located at the dyad position at which only one DNA gyre is wound, whereas other transcription factors prefer sites spanning two DNA gyres and bind specifically to each of them. Our work reveals notable differences in the binding of transcription factors to free and nucleosomal DNA, and uncovers a diverse interaction landscape between transcription factors and the nucleosome.

journal_name

Nature

journal_title

Nature

authors

Zhu F,Farnung L,Kaasinen E,Sahu B,Yin Y,Wei B,Dodonova SO,Nitta KR,Morgunova E,Taipale M,Cramer P,Taipale J

doi

10.1038/s41586-018-0549-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-10-01 00:00:00

pages

76-81

issue

7725

eissn

0028-0836

issn

1476-4687

pii

10.1038/s41586-018-0549-5

journal_volume

562

pub_type

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