Association of residual feed intake with growth and slaughtering performance, blood metabolism, and body composition in growing lambs.

Abstract:

:The aim of this study was to determine the association of residual feed intake (RFI) with growth performance, blood metabolic parameters, and body composition factors in growing lambs. Individual body weight (BW) and dry matter intake (DMI) were determined in 137 male Hu lambs that were given a pellet feed four times a day for 50 d. RFI did not show a correlation with metabolic BW (MBW) or average daily gain (ADG), but it showed a positive correlation with DMI and feed conversation ratio (FCR). Organ weight and intestine length had a large influence on RFI in lambs. The low-RFI lambs have smaller rumen and longer duodenum indicating the less feed intake and more sufficient absorption rate of low-RFI lambs. The smaller organs like liver, lung and kidney in low-RFI lambs may be related to lower energy consumption and slower metabolic rate. The observed bigger testis was in low-RFI lambs was another cause of the improved feed efficiency. Finally, the plasma concentrations of thyroxine (T4) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were lower in the ELow-RFI group than in the EHigh-RFI group. This study provides new insight into the biological processes underlying variations in feed efficiency in growing lambs.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Zhang X,Wang W,Mo F,La Y,Li C,Li F

doi

10.1038/s41598-017-13042-7

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-10-04 00:00:00

pages

12681

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-017-13042-7

journal_volume

7

pub_type

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