Oral versus intravenous hypertonic saline for exercise-associated hyponatraemia.


:Exercise-associated hyponatraemia is a potentially serious acute condition that may present early as asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic. Standard treatment is intravenous hypertonic saline, which can be challenging and carries some risk. An alternative may be oral therapy. We undertook a review of existing literature to assess whether paediatric populations should receive oral or intravenous hypertonic saline solutions. One study addressed our question but was aimed at a presumably adult population of runners. That study found that intravenous and oral solutions provide similar effects on biochemistry, but intravenous hypertonic saline provides superior effects on subjective relief and plasma volume.


Berger I




Has Abstract


2017-05-01 00:00:00












  • Oesophageal duplication cyst: another cause of neonatal respiratory distress.

    abstract::Oesophageal duplication cysts in infants (usually males) should be recognized as a cause of respiratory distress which worsens during the neonatal period, and which is associated with feeding difficulties. Their radiological appearance is that of a right-sided posterior mediastinal mass, which is shown to be cystic on...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stewart RJ,Bruce J,Beasley SW

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Does ondansetron have an effect on intramuscular ketamine-associated vomiting in children? A prospective, randomised, open, controlled study.

    abstract:AIM:Ketamine is one of the most commonly used sedatives for facilitating painful procedures for paediatric patients in the emergency department (ED). However, the use of ketamine is associated with a common, though not serious, adverse event usually called ketamine-associated vomiting (KAV). The purpose of this study i...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lee JS,Jeon WC,Park EJ,Min YG,Kim GW,Jung YS,Choi SC

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Subglottic haemangioma: controversies in management.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To discuss treatment modalities for subglottic haemangioma (SGH). METHODOLOGY:Case report of two children definitively managed by different modalities. RESULTS:Management by CO2 laser vaporization in one child, and laser followed by interferon 2-alpha in the second child were both successful in controlling ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walker P,Cooper D,MacDonald D

    更新日期:1999-08-01 00:00:00

  • Reduce the rads: a quality assurance project on reducing unnecessary chest X-rays in children with asthma.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To quantify and then reduce the number of unnecessary chest X-rays (CXR) being performed on children presenting with asthma. METHODS:A retrospective review of case notes of all children, aged 1-15 years, who presented with asthma and had a CXR performed. The setting was two General Hospitals that see all ch...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buckmaster A,Boon R

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of paediatric frequent presenters at emergency departments: A whole-of-population study.

    abstract:AIM:To quantify the frequency of emergency department (ED) presentations and profile the socio-demographic, health and presentation characteristics of paediatric ED frequent presenters. METHODS:A population-based data linkage study of 55 921 children in the South Australian Early Childhood Data Project aged 0-12 years...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Procter AM,Gialamas A,Pilkington RM,Montgomerie A,Chittleborough CR,Smithers LG,Lynch JW

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Gene therapy for disorders affecting children, progress and potential.

    abstract::For over two decades gene therapy has been actively pursued as a treatment modality for the inherited diseases that affect the paediatric population, however, it is still to make a real impact in the clinic. There are many reasons for this including inadequate technology and a lack of understanding of the biological c...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anson DS,Fletcher JM

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Invasive pneumococcal infection in children, 1981-92: a hospital-based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To document the pattern and sequelae of invasive pneumococcal infection in hospitalized children. METHODOLOGY:Retrospective review of Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) isolates from normally sterile sites from 1981 to 1992 at three paediatric centres in Sydney for demographic data, spectrum of disease, predispos...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Davis CW,McIntyre PB

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Incapacitation or death of a socially isolated parent or carer could result in the death of dependent children.

    abstract::A study was undertaken to investigate features of infant and childhood fatalities that were a consequence of care by socially isolated adults suffering from significant medical conditions. Autopsy records at the Forensic Science Centre in Adelaide from July 1996 to June 2001 were searched for all cases where infants o...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Byard RW

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective evaluation of the management of moderate to severe cellulitis with parenteral antibiotics at a paediatric day treatment centre.

    abstract:AIM:To assess the clinical outcome of patients with moderate to severe cellulitis managed at a paediatric day treatment centre (DTC). METHODS:Prospective observational study of all patients (3 months to 18 years) with a presumed diagnosis of moderate to severe cellulitis made in a university-affiliated paediatric emer...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gouin S,Chevalier I,Gauthier M,Lamarre V

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanical ventilation in the newborn; a simplified approach. Part 1: Intermittent positive pressure ventilation.

    abstract::Positive pressure ventilation (PPV) is a frequent intervention in the neonatal intensive care unit. This article is directed towards paediatricians in training and attempts to cover the basics of PPV without being too technical. To do so we have employed an extensive use of graphics to illustrate the underlying princi...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Muhlethaler V,Malcolm G

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical markers of serious illness in young infants: a multicentre follow-up study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To perform a multicentre follow-up study to determine if previously identified markers of serious illness in early infancy were robust and statistically reliable. METHODS:Infants aged 1 week to 26 weeks presenting to the Emergency Departments of the Royal Children's Hospital and two Melbourne metropolitan ho...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Hewson P,Poulakis Z,Jarman F,Kerr J,McMaster D,Goodge J,Silk G

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Management of childhood asthma in Western Australia.

    abstract:AIMS:The study aimed to determine how childhood asthma is managed in Western Australia by general practitioners (GPs) and specialist paediatricians. METHODS:A questionnaire survey was sent to 992 GPs and specialist paediatricians, asking about practice and preferences regarding maintenance management of childhood asth...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Calogero C,Kusel MM,Van Bever HP,Sly PD

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • An infant with meningococcal arthritis of the hip.

    abstract::Meningococcus is a well known cause of meningitis and septicaemia. It is less well known as a cause of arthritis. This case report describes an infant with meningococcal arthritis and with further discussion of the role of meningococcal serogroup W135 in disease, as well as current and future immunisation strategies. ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McMullan B

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Asthma and sleep disturbance in adolescents and young adults: A cohort study.

    abstract:AIMS:A longitudinal birth cohort provides an opportunity to study the impact of childhood conditions persisting into adulthood. This study examines the cross-sectional association of asthma with sleep quality and snoring in the adolescent and young adult population and the extent to which asthma, sleep quality and snor...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garden M,O'Callaghan M,Suresh S,Mamum AA,Najman JM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Factors related to infant apnoea and cyanosis: a population-based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the relationship between infant and parental characteristics and parental report of infant cyanosis and also hospital admission for apnoea/cyanosis. METHODS:A prospective cohort study was conducted. It involved the one-fifth of Tasmanian live births who were assessed, using a perinatal score, as ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ponsonby AL,Dwyer T,Couper D

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Bone mineral metabolism changes in epileptic children receiving valproic acid.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in epileptic children receiving valproic acid (VPA) and to determine differences between osteopenic and non-osteopenic children. METHODS:Thirty-three epileptic children, receiving VPA for at least 6 months, were compared with 33 healthy childre...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Oner N,Kaya M,Karasalihoğlu S,Karaca H,Celtik C,Tütüncüler F

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Advice about infant feeding for allergy prevention: A confusing picture for Australian consumers?

    abstract:AIM:Early feeding plays an important role in programming the immune system, particularly the risk of food allergy. There are many infant feeding guides published for consumers available in Australia, with most based on the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) 2012 Infant Feeding Guidelines for Health Wo...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Netting MJ,Allen KJ

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Motivating medicine: why money is not enough.

    abstract::The public health system in Australia currently faces unprecedented challenges managing an ageing population with a rising burden of illness. Health professionals employed in the area are under constant pressure to do more with less, leading to high levels of employee dissatisfaction. Physician satisfaction is a criti...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dalton S

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cryptococcus gattii infection complicated by immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in three apparently immunocompetent children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Paediatric Cryptococcus gattii disease is rare, with only two previous cases recorded in the Northern Territory (NT) over the last 54 years. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is a recognised complication of C. gattii infection, even in the absence of an identified immunodeficiency syndrome; ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Brien MP,Ford TJ,Currie BJ,Francis JR

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • The role of appetite-regulating hormones: Ghrelin and leptin in the nutritional status of children with neurogenic bladder due to myelomeningocele.

    abstract:AIM:We wanted to investigate serum levels of ghrelin and leptin - appetite-regulating hormones - and their correlation with the nutritional status of children with neurogenic bladder (NB) due to myelomeningocele (MMC) in comparison to healthy individuals. METHODS:This prospective analysis was conducted on 67 children ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bagińska JO,Liszewska A,Wasilewska A,Korzeniecka-Kozerska A

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Health-care professionals' approach in feeding term small-for-gestational age infants and its potential implications to later growth outcomes.

    abstract:AIM:To understand feeding practices, nutrition management and postnatal growth monitoring of term small-for-gestational age (tSGA) infants in Southeast Asia. METHODS:Anonymous questionnaires to assess practices on feeding, nutrition management and post-natal growth monitoring of tSGA infants were distributed among hea...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee LY,Muhardi L,Cheah FC,Supapannachart S,Teller IC,Bindels J,van Der Beek EM,van Elburg RM

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-economic, familial and perinatal factors associated with obesity in Sydney schoolchildren.

    abstract:AIM:To examine associations between socio-economic, familial and perinatal factors with overweight/obesity in 6- and 12-year-old schoolchildren. METHODS:Eligible year-1 (1765/2238, mean age 6.7 years) and year-7 students (2353/3144, mean age, 12.7 years) from a random cluster sample of 55 Sydney schools were examined ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gopinath B,Baur LA,Burlutsky G,Robaei D,Mitchell P

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental outcomes at the age of two years for very premature babies managed with nasal prong continuous positive airway pressure.

    abstract:AIMS:To describe the developmental progress of very premature babies at the age of 2 years, who were managed in an era where nasal prong continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) was the preferred method for the management of initial respiratory disease. METHODS:Two groups of very premature babies of <32 weeks gestat...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stack JA,Jalaludin B

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Undernutrition among children in South and South-East Asia.

    abstract::Undernutrition remains a major public health problem among children living in Asia. Although the burden is maximal among poorer, rural and Indigenous communities, the problem affects the majority in many Asian countries, especially in South Asia. In order to prevent the pervasive consequences of undernutrition, strate...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pasricha SR,Biggs BA

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Medical retrieval and needs of infants with bronchiolitis: an analysis by gestational age.

    abstract:AIM:Viral bronchiolitis is the most common lower respiratory tract infection in children less than 12 months of age. Prematurity is an independent risk factor for disease severity. Many infected infants require hospitalisation and those living in regional centres frequently require transfer to metropolitan hospitals ca...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fleming PF,Richards S,Waterman K,Davis PG,Kamlin CO,Stewart M,Sokol J

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Validation of an asthma knowledge questionnaire.

    abstract::Asthma is responsible for much morbidity and mortality, which might be decreased by increasing parental and patient knowledge about asthma. This report describes the development and validation of an asthma knowledge questionnaire for use in the assessment of asthma knowledge. Two groups of respondents were examined. O...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fitzclarence CA,Henry RL

    更新日期:1990-08-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying autism early: The Toddlers at Risk of Autism Clinic model.

    abstract:AIM:This paper describes the Toddlers at Risk of Autism Clinic (TRAC), which utilises the Social Attention and Communication Study (SACS) and/or Autism Detection in Early Childhood (ADEC) play-based assessments to facilitate the early diagnosis of autism. METHODS:A retrospective audit was conducted of all 42 children ...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis T,Clifton D,Papadopoulos C

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison between modified and conventional one-handed chest compression techniques for child cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A randomised, non-blind, cross-over simulation trial.

    abstract:AIM:Chest compression depth (CCD) decreases significantly when performing one-handed chest compression (OHCC). We modified OHCC posture to increase CCD as follows: first, the axis of the compression hand was adjusted to the compression area; second, the opposite hand was wrapped around the elbow of the compression arm....

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee SS,Lee SD,Oh JH

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Neonatology in the 'Pearl of the East'.

    abstract::Clinicians practising in different regions of the world are often impressed at marked differences in disease patterns witnessed. The bases of most obvious differences are usually socio-economic and genetic, but culture and environment can be equally important. Documenting and assessing such differences is more than ju...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ng PC,Fok TF,Nelson E

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic lung disease in very low birthweight infants: a 5-year review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the incidence, clinical spectrum and outcome of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with chronic lung disease (CLD), and evaluate associated factors. METHODOLOGY:Retrospective review of 265 VLBW infants managed in the NICU from January 1988 to December 1992. RESULTS:The overall neonatal surviv...

    journal_title:Journal of paediatrics and child health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeo CL,Choo S,Ho LY

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00