Forensic genetic analyses in isolated populations with examples of central European Valachs and Roma.


:Isolated populations present a constant threat to the correctness of forensic genetic casework. In this review article we present several examples of how analyzing samples from isolated populations can bias the results of the forensic statistics and analyses. We select our examples from isolated populations from central and southeastern Europe, namely the Valachs and the European Roma. We also provide the reader with general strategies and principles to improve the laboratory practice (best practice) and reporting of samples from supposedly isolated populations. These include reporting the precise population data used for computing the forensic statistics, using the appropriate θ correction factor for calculating allele frequencies, typing ancestry informative markers in samples of unknown or uncertain ethnicity and establishing ethnic-specific forensic databases.


J Forensic Leg Med


Ehler E,Vanek D




Has Abstract


2017-05-01 00:00:00












  • Dental Forensic Kit (DFK®) and Quick Extract™ FFPE DNA extraction kit, a new workflow for obtaining dental DNA for human genetic identity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Most of the protocols described for obtaining DNA from dental tissues are methods that involve major laboratory equipment and many hours of work. They are also methodologies that almost destroy the tooth. AIM:Our aim was to develop an innovative workflow for optimizing dental DNA extraction from teeth. Our ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inostroza C,Carrasco P,Godoy M,Gatti G,Paulino B

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Sex estimation from the patella in an African American population.

    abstract::The skull and pelvis have been used for the estimation of sex for unknown human remains. However, in forensic cases where skeletal remains often exhibit postmortem damage and taphonomic changes the patella may be used for the estimation of sex as it is a preservationally favoured bone. The goal of the present research...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peckmann TR,Fisher B

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • A comparative study of topological and sex differences in fingerprint ridge density in Argentinian and Spanish population samples.

    abstract::Although several studies have recently assessed sex differences in fingerprint ridge density and its variability in human populations from different origins, such a study has not been carried out yet in the Amerindian population. The goal of this study was to determine the topological and sexual differences in fingerp...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutiérrez-Redomero E,Sánchez-Andrés A,Rivaldería N,Alonso-Rodríguez C,Dipierri JE,Martín LM

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Common errors in writing the cause of death certificate in the Middle East.

    abstract::A death certificate is an official document in which the medical practitioner primarily records the cause of death sequence, the time interval between the onset of the cause of death and death, and personal details of the deceased. Errors in death certificate documentation are not uncommon. We aim to review the common...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Madadin M,Alhumam AS,Bushulaybi NA,Alotaibi AR,Aldakhil HA,Alghamdi AY,Al-Abdulwahab NK,Assiri SY,Alumair NA,Almulhim FA,Menezes RG

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Bruise detection and visibility under alternate light during the first three days post-trauma.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Cutaneous bruises are often hard to detect particularly on individuals with a darker complexion. Researchers and federal agencies have recommended the use of alternate light to aide in the assessment of subtle injury. However, studies are limited in their evaluation of wavelength performance during the fir...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scafide KN,Sharma S,Tripp NE,Hayat MJ

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • An unusual finding in a body recovered from the sea.

    abstract::Post-mortem injuries caused by terrestrial and aquatic animals are commonly encountered in forensic practice. We present a case where an autopsy of a body recovered from the sea showed post-mortem injuries and numerous crustaceans in the heart and lungs. They have gained access to these organs via oro-nasal route and ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Colombage SM,Telisinghe PU

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Medico-legal significance of the identification of offending snake in a fatal snake bite: a case report.

    abstract::A 19 year old male was admitted to a tertiary care centre in Sri Lanka, with a history of snake bite while sleeping at night. A killed specimen of a snake was brought with the patient. It had been identified as a non-venomous snake by the doctor and handed over to relatives, with a comment to that effect. Patient had ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva A,Gamlaksha D,Waidyaratne D

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental impacts of less lethal rubber spheres on a skin-fat-muscle model.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Effectiveness and safety assessment for kinetic energy (KE) bullets is of importance, considering numerous reports about excessive damage cases of KE bullets in recent years. Early study of KE impacting targets mainly focused on threshold penetration issue, but did not involve cavity evolution of target an...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xiong M,Qin B,Wang S,Han R,Zang L

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sex determination by the length of metacarpals and phalanges: X-ray study on Egyptian population.

    abstract::Measurements of hand bones length have been shown to be sexually dimorphic in many nationalities. The aim of this study is to assess the accuracy of sex determination from the length of all metacarpals and phalanges of right and left hands using X-ray radiographs and to develop a discriminant formula that can be used ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El Morsi DA,Al Hawary AA

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Police custody in the north of England: Findings from a health needs assessment in Durham and Darlington.

    abstract:AIMS:To report on a health needs assessment undertaken in the Durham Constabulary (England) in 2013. METHODOLOGY:The health needs assessment employed a variety of methods: analysis of arrest and healthcare data over a one year period; semi-structured interviews with the police and healthcare staff; and a survey of det...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brooker C,Tocque K,Mitchell D,Pearce M

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood casualties during civil war: Syrian experience.

    abstract::In war areas a lot of children die as well as adults. According to UNICEF, almost 2 million children have died in the wars took place in the last 10 years. In this study, we aimed to evaluate demographical data and injury characteristics of Syrian children who were wounded in Syria Civil War and died while being treat...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Çelikel A,Karbeyaz K,Kararslan B,Arslan MM,Zeren C

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Toxicological findings in 1000 cases of suspected drug facilitated sexual assault in the United States.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to identify the extent and types of drugs found in alleged drug facilitated sexual assaults (DFSA) in 37 states and 1 territory of the United States. In total, 1000 cases were reviewed. Between the cases that gender was provided (613), most of the victims (91.68%) were woman, mean age of ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fiorentin TR,Logan BK

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Suicidal plant poisoning with Colchicum autumnale.

    abstract::Colchicum autumnale is commonly known as autumn crocus, and as 'gowri gedde' in the southern region of Karnataka State in South India. It contains an alkaloid called colchicine, which blocks the cell division by inhibiting mitosis. We present a sporadic case of suicidal plant poisoning wherein a 24-year-old man consum...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagesh KR,Menezes RG,Rastogi P,Naik NR,Rasquinha JM,Senthilkumaran S,Fazil A

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Paraphilic infantilism, diaperism and pedophilia: A review.

    abstract::Paraphilic disorders range from nearly normal behaviour to a behaviour which may be considered as destructive or menacing to the society at large. In accordance with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, the terms Paraphilia and Paraphilic disorders, denote different interpretations. Multiple paraph...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Doshi SM,Zanzrukiya K,Kumar L

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Lights, camera and action: learning necrophilia in a psychiatry movie club.

    abstract::Kissed (1996) is a serious film that portrays the disturbing and taboo issue of necrophilia in a delicate and viewer friendly way. Being a rare paraphilia, it may sometimes be difficult to get necrophilia related literature or even understand this complex behavior. An interested person may have to rely on the few case...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalra GS

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Descriptive analysis of the context of child sexual abuse reportedly perpetrated by female suspects: Insights from Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Determining the prevalence and characteristics of female-perpetrated child sexual abuse (CSA) is fraught with difficultly. There is a historical lack of empirical research and a discrepancy between the number of cases that reach the attention of the authorities and its suspected prevalence in society. It is ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Majeed-Ariss R,Wilson RJ,Karsna K,Martin GP,White C

    更新日期:2021-01-07 00:00:00

  • The role of ethyl glucuronide in supporting medico-legal investigations: Analysis of this biomarker in different postmortem specimens from 21 selected autopsy cases.

    abstract::Ethanol determination in postmortem blood is one of the most frequently requested analyses in legal medicine and forensic toxicology. Ethyl glucuronide is a non-oxidative ethanol metabolite. It is also a useful marker of ante-mortem alcohol ingestion when ethanol itself has been completely eliminated from the body and...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santunione AL,Verri P,Marchesi F,Rustichelli C,Palazzoli F,Vandelli D,Licata M,Silingardi E

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Women convicted of a sexual offence, including child pornography production: two case reports.

    abstract::All available studies addressing the clinical and legal aspects of child pornography have systematically concerned male abusers. The social lens through which women are viewed tends to play down their responsibility in the sexual abuse of children. Unlike men, women rarely abuse children outside the close or family ci...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prat S,Bertsch I,Chudzik L,Réveillère Ch

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cerebrospinal fluid PCR analysis and biochemistry in bodies with severe decomposition.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to assess whether Neisseria meningitidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae can be identified using the polymerase chain reaction technique in the cerebrospinal fluid of severely decomposed bodies with known, noninfectious causes of death or whether p...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palmiere C,Vanhaebost J,Ventura F,Bonsignore A,Bonetti LR

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Establishment of the medico-legal cause of death in two atypical cases of gas embolism in hospital: Importance of the scene.

    abstract::Two cases of lethal gas embolism occurring in a hospital setting are presented. These did not differ with regards to the medical cause of death (MCOD), but did so with regard to the medico-legal cause of death (MLCOD). In the first case, the immediate recognition of a suspicious death and subsequent conservation of th...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benali L,Abriat F,Titier K,Robinson P,Gromb S

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic degloving lesion of male external genitalia.

    abstract::Injury to the male external genitalia is relatively uncommon when compared with other parts of the human body. Trauma to external genitalia could result from accidents involving motor vehicles, power farm machinery, gun shot and stab injuries. We present a rare case of traumatic degloving injury of male external genit...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suresh Kumar Shetty B,Jagadish Rao PP,Menezes RG

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Generating STR profile from "Touch DNA".

    abstract::As forensic DNA technology has become a common tool in criminal investigations, scientists have attempted to obtain DNA evidence from what were once considered unlikely sources. "Touch DNA" refers to the DNA that is left behind from skin cells when a person touches or comes into contact with an item. This present stud...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aditya S,Bhattacharyya CN,Chaudhuri K

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Lightning fatality with blast, flame, heat and current effects: a macroscopic and microscopic view.

    abstract::A case is presented of a fatal environmental accidental injuries of lightning. A pedestrian was struck by lightning. The macroscopic and microscopic lightning injuries are reviewed. ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murty OP

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • The CT characteristics of orbital blowout fracture and its medicolegal expertise.

    abstract::To explore the CT characteristics of orbital blowout fracture, we reviewed 76 cases with orbital blowout fracture and analyzed their clinical forensic characteristics. The missed diagnosis rate of cranial CT was 26.3%, and plain X-ray was 47.4%. The orbital CT examination has advantages in diagnosing orbital blowout f...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen T,Gu S,Han W,Zhang Q

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ethanol and drug findings in women consulting a Sexual Assault Center--associations with clinical characteristics and suspicions of drug-facilitated sexual assault.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to describe toxicological findings among women seeking health care after sexual assault, and to assess the relationship with so-called proactive DFSA (drug facilitated sexual assault). We also explored associations between ethanol in blood/urine and background data, assault characteristics...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hagemann CT,Helland A,Spigset O,Espnes KA,Ormstad K,Schei B

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neuropathology and brain weight in traumatic-crush asphyxia.

    abstract::Traumatic (crush) asphyxia is a rare condition caused by severe compression of the chest and trunk leading to often extreme so-called asphyxial signs, including cyanosis in head and neck regions, multiple petechiae, and subconjunctival haemorrhage as well as neurological manifestations. AIMS:To investigate the neurop...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Sarraj S,Laxton R,Swift B,Kolar AJ,Chapman RC,Fegan-Earl AW,Cary NRB

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • A fatal case of streptococcal and meningococcal meningitis in a 2-years-old child occurring as Waterhouse-Friderichsen Syndrome.

    abstract::We report a fatal case of streptococcal and meningococcal meningitis in a previously healthy 2-year-old child, a simultaneous co-infection of both pathogens that is poorly reported in the reviewed literature. The lack of a clinical diagnosis in addition to the medico-legal aspects arising from possible professional li...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ventura F,Bonsignore A,Portunato F,Orcioni GF,Varnier OE,De Stefano F

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • The detection of female DNA from the penis in sexual assault cases.

    abstract::An investigation was performed with the aim of assessing the success rate of the examination of penile swabs or imprints for the detection of the female DNA profile. Two hundred twenty seven cases from a 3-year period were retrospectively reviewed. In 57% of the cases, no suitable material was available. Of the remain...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaarstad K,Rohde M,Larsen J,Eriksen B,Thomsen JL

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Estimation of stature from dimensions of hands and feet in a North Indian population.

    abstract::In medico-legal autopsies, establishing personal identity of the victims is often required. Estimation of stature from extremities and their parts plays an important role in identifying the dead in forensic examinations. The study examines the relationship between stature and dimensions of hands and feet among Rajputs...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krishan K,Sharma A

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Calling for advice: Aspects of telephonic consultation in post-mortem examinations.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Research on telephonic consultation in forensic medicine is scarce. This study aimed to create insight in different aspects of telephonic consultation in post-mortem examinations. Besides, the accuracy of advice given by forensic physicians and associations between accuracy and characteristics of forensic ...

    journal_title:Journal of forensic and legal medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smits LJH,Dorn T,Bakker K,Reijnders UJL

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00