p75 neurotrophin receptor: A potential surface marker of tongue squamous cell carcinoma stem cells.


:The present study detected p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) expression in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) cell lines, in order to define the biological properties of p75NTR+ cells and to confirm the use of p75NTR+ as a surface marker for TSCC stem cells. p75NTR+ cells were separated from Tca‑8113 and CAL‑27 TSCC cells by fluorescence‑activated cell sorting. Colony formation, MTT and scratch assays, and a tumorigenicity analysis were performed to measure self-renewal and proliferation, multidirectional differentiation, and tumorigenicity of p75NTR+ cells. p75NTR+ cells comprised 3.1 and 1.9% of Tca‑8113 and CAL‑27 cells (mean of three experiments), respectively, and were more able to form colonies compared with non‑sorted cells (P<0.01). In addition, the proportion of p75NTR+ cells generated from monoclonal p75NTR+ cells decreased to 14.5 (Tca‑8113) and 5.8% (CAL‑27) of cells within 2 weeks, thus suggesting that p75NTR+ cells are able to generate p75NTR+ and p75NTR‑ cells. Furthermore, p75NTR+ cells exhibited increased proliferation, as evidenced by MTT assay (P<0.01) and had greater metastatic ability according to the scratch assay (P<0.01), compared with non‑sorted cells. p75NTR+ cells also exhibited a greater tumorigenic capacity compared with non‑sorted cells. In conclusion, p75NTR+ cells isolated from TSCC cell lines possess the characteristics of cancer stem cells; therefore, p75NTR may be considered a useful surface marker for the identification of TSCC stem cells.


Mol Med Rep


Tong D,Sun J,Huang P,Li M,Zhang F




Has Abstract


2017-05-01 00:00:00












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