Development and application of two independent real-time PCR assays to detect clinically relevant Mucorales species.

Abstract:

:PCR-based detection of Mucorales species could improve diagnosis of suspected invasive fungal infection, leading to a better patient outcome. This study describes two independent probe-based real-time PCR tests for detection of clinically relevant Mucorales, targeting specific fragments of the 18S and the 28S rRNA genes. Both assays have a short turnaround time, allow fast, specific and very sensitive detection of clinically relevant Mucorales and have the potential to be used as quantitative tests. They were validated on various clinical samples (fresh and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens, mainly biopsies, n = 17). The assays should be used as add-on tools to complement standard techniques; a combined approach of both real-time PCR assays has 100 % sensitivity. Genus identification by subsequent sequencing is possible for amplicons of the 18S PCR assay. In conclusion, combination of the two independent Mucorales assays described in this study, 18S and 28S, detected all clinical samples associated with proven Mucorales infection (n = 10). Reliable and specific identification of Mucorales is a prerequisite for successful antifungal therapy as these fungi show intrinsic resistance to voriconazole and caspofungin.

journal_name

J Med Microbiol

authors

Springer J,Goldenberger D,Schmidt F,Weisser M,Wehrle-Wieland E,Einsele H,Frei R,Löffler J

doi

10.1099/jmm.0.000218

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-03-01 00:00:00

pages

227-234

issue

3

eissn

0022-2615

issn

1473-5644

journal_volume

65

pub_type

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