Amines as occupational hazards for visual disturbance.


:Various amines, such as triethylamine and N,N-dimethylethylamine, have been reported to cause glaucopsia in workers employed in epoxy, foundry, and polyurethane foam industries. This symptom has been related to corneal edema and vesicular collection of fluid within the corneal subepithelial cells. Exposure to amine vapors for 30 min to several hours leads to blurring of vision, a blue-grey appearance of objects, and halos around lights, that are probably reversible. Concentration-effect relationships have been established. The visual disturbance is considered a nuisance, as it could cause onsite accidents, impair work efficiency, and create difficulties in driving back home. Occupational exposure limits have been established for some amines, but there is shortage of criteria. Volatility factors, such as vapor pressure, should be considered in industrial settings to prevent human ocular risks, while trying to reduce levels of hazardous amines in the atmosphere.


Ind Health


Industrial health


Jang JK




Has Abstract


2016-01-01 00:00:00












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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tanaka K,Otsubo T,Tanaka M,Kaku A,Nishinoue N,Takanao T,Kamata N,Miyaoka H

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donati PM

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Harmonizing work with the treatment and prevention of sleep disordered breathing in commercial motor vehicle drivers: implications for health and productivity management.

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wada H,Kimura M,Shirahama R,Tajima T,Maruayama K,Endo M,Ikeda A,Tanigawa T

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    journal_title:Industrial health

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    authors: Wada K,Arakida M,Watanabe R,Negishi M,Sato J,Tsutsumi A

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kito A,Ueno T

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    journal_title:Industrial health

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    journal_title:Industrial health

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    authors: Nakata A,Irie M,Takahashi M

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    journal_title:Industrial health

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    authors: Matsudaira K,Hara N,Arisaka M,Isomura T

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Industrial health

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    authors: Sasaki T,Iwasaki K,Oka T,Hisanaga N,Ueda T,Takada Y,Fujiki Y

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Leggat PA,Kedjarune U,Smith DR

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    authors: Suárez Sánchez FA,Carvajal Peláez GI,Catalá Alís J

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu H,Tang Z,Weng D,Yang Y,Tian L,Duan Z,Chen J

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pingle S

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Industrial health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuklane K

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