Amines as occupational hazards for visual disturbance.

Abstract:

:Various amines, such as triethylamine and N,N-dimethylethylamine, have been reported to cause glaucopsia in workers employed in epoxy, foundry, and polyurethane foam industries. This symptom has been related to corneal edema and vesicular collection of fluid within the corneal subepithelial cells. Exposure to amine vapors for 30 min to several hours leads to blurring of vision, a blue-grey appearance of objects, and halos around lights, that are probably reversible. Concentration-effect relationships have been established. The visual disturbance is considered a nuisance, as it could cause onsite accidents, impair work efficiency, and create difficulties in driving back home. Occupational exposure limits have been established for some amines, but there is shortage of criteria. Volatility factors, such as vapor pressure, should be considered in industrial settings to prevent human ocular risks, while trying to reduce levels of hazardous amines in the atmosphere.

journal_name

Ind Health

journal_title

Industrial health

authors

Jang JK

doi

10.2486/indhealth.2015-0071

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-01-01 00:00:00

pages

101-15

issue

2

eissn

0019-8366

issn

1880-8026

journal_volume

54

pub_type

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