Disadvantageous associations: Reversible spatial cueing effects in a discrimination task.

Abstract:

:Current theories describe learning in terms of cognitive or associative mechanisms. To assess whether cognitive mechanisms interact with automaticity of associative processes we devised a shape-discrimination task in which participants received both explicit instructions and implicit information. Instructions further allowed for the inference that a first event would precede the target. Albeit irrelevant to respond, this event acted as response prime and implicit spatial cue (i.e. it predicted target location). To modulate cognitive involvement, in three experiments we manipulated modality and salience of the spatial cue. Results always showed evidence for a priming effect, confirming that the first stimulus was never ignored. More importantly, although participants failed to consciously recognize the association, responses to spatially cued trials became either slower or faster depending on salience of the first event. These findings provide an empirical demonstration that cognitive and associative learning mechanisms functionally co-exist and interact to regulate behaviour.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Nico D,Daprati E

doi

10.1038/srep16156

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-11-04 00:00:00

pages

16156

issn

2045-2322

pii

srep16156

journal_volume

5

pub_type

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