Lats1 suppresses centrosome overduplication by modulating the stability of Cdc25B.

Abstract:

:Numerical aberration of the centrosome results in chromosome missegregation, eventually leading to chromosomal instability, a hallmark of human tumor malignancy. Large tumor suppressors 1 and 2 (Lats1 and Lats2) are central kinases in the Hippo pathway and regulate development and tumorigenesis by coordinating the balance between cell proliferation and apoptosis. Importantly, Lats1 and Lats2 also play pivotal roles in cell cycle checkpoint and mitosis. The Lats proteins localize at centrosomes, but their centrosomal functions remain elusive. Here, we generated Lats1-null knockout (Lats1(-/-)) mice and established Lats1-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). In Lats1(-/-) MEFs, centrosomes were markedly overduplicated, leading to severe mitotic defects such as chromosome missegregation and cytokinesis failure. We also found that Lats1 physically interacts with Cdc25B phosphatase that localizes both at the centrosome and in the nucleus and regulates the linkage between the centrosome cycle and mitotic progression. Although Lats1 did not phosphorylate Cdc25B, loss of Lats1 in MEFs caused abnormal accumulation of Cdc25B protein and hyperactivation of Cdk2 toward nucleophosmin (NPM/B23), one of the licensing factors involved in centriole duplication. Taken together, these data suggest that Lats1 regulates Cdc25B protein level and subsequent Cdk2 activity, thereby suppressing centrosome overduplication during interphase.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Mukai S,Yabuta N,Yoshida K,Okamoto A,Miura D,Furuta Y,Abe T,Nojima H

doi

10.1038/srep16173

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-11-04 00:00:00

pages

16173

issn

2045-2322

pii

srep16173

journal_volume

5

pub_type

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