Temporal fluctuations of tremor signals from inertial sensor: a preliminary study in differentiating Parkinson's disease from essential tremor.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET) are the two most common movement disorders but the rate of misdiagnosis rate in these disorders is high due to similar characteristics of tremor. The purpose of the study is to present: (a) a solution to identify PD and ET patients by using the novel measurement of tremor signal variations while performing the resting task, (b) the improvement of the differentiation of PD from ET patients can be obtained by using the ratio of the novel measurement while performing two specific tasks. METHODS:35 PD and 22 ET patients were asked to participate in the study. They were asked to wear a 6-axis inertial sensor on his/her index finger of the tremor dominant hand and perform three tasks including kinetic, postural and resting tasks. Each task required 10 s to complete. The angular rate signal measured during the performance of these tasks was band-pass filtered and transformed into a two-dimensional representation. The ratio of the ellipse area covering 95 % of this two-dimensional representation of different tasks was investigated and the two best tasks were selected for the purpose of differentiation. RESULTS:The ellipse area of two-dimensional representation of the resting task of PD and ET subjects are statistically significantly different (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the fluctuation ratio, defined as a ratio of the ellipse area of two-dimensional representation of resting to kinetic tremor, of PD subjects were statistically significantly higher than ET subjects in all axes (p = 0.0014, 0.0011 and 0.0001 for x, y and z-axis, respectively). The validation shows that the proposed method provides 100 % sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the discrimination in the 5 subjects in the validation group. While the method would have to be validated with a larger number of subjects, these preliminary results show the feasibility of the approach. CONCLUSIONS:This study provides the novel measurement of tremor variation in time domain termed 'temporal fluctuation'. The temporal fluctuation of the resting task can be used to discriminate PD from ET subjects. The ratio of the temporal fluctuation of the resting task to the kinetic task improves the reliability of the discrimination. While the method is powerful, it is also simple so it could be applied on low resource platforms such as smart phones and watches which are commonly equipped with inertial sensors.

journal_name

Biomed Eng Online

authors

Thanawattano C,Pongthornseri R,Anan C,Dumnin S,Bhidayasiri R

doi

10.1186/s12938-015-0098-1

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-11-04 00:00:00

pages

101

issn

1475-925X

pii

10.1186/s12938-015-0098-1

journal_volume

14

pub_type

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