The Role of Endovascular Stents in Dialysis Access Maintenance.

Abstract:

:Vascular stenosis is most often the culprit behind hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction, and although percutaneous transluminal angioplasty remains the gold standard treatment for vascular stenosis, over the past decade the use of stents as a treatment option has been on the rise. Aside from the 2 Food and Drug Administration-approved stent grafts for the treatment of venous graft anastomosis stenosis, use of all other stents in vascular access dysfunction is off-label. Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative recommends limiting stent use to specific conditions, such as elastic lesions and recurrent stenosis; otherwise, additional adapted indications are in procedure-related complications, such as grade 2 and 3 hematomas. Published reports have shown the potential use of stents in a variety of conditions leading to vascular access dysfunction, such as venous graft anastomosis stenosis, cephalic arch stenosis, central venous stenosis, dialysis access aneurysmal elimination, cardiac implantable electronic device-induced stenosis, and thrombosed arteriovenous grafts. Although further research is needed for many of these conditions, evidence for recommendations has been clear in some; for instance, we know now that stents should be avoided along cannulation sites and should not be used in eliminating dialysis access aneurysms. In this review article, we evaluate the available evidence for the use of stents in each of the aforementioned conditions leading to hemodialysis vascular access dysfunctions.

journal_name

Adv Chronic Kidney Dis

authors

El Kassem M,Alghamdi I,Vazquez-Padron RI,Asif A,Lenz O,Sanjar T,Fayad F,Salman L

doi

10.1053/j.ackd.2015.02.001

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-11-01 00:00:00

pages

453-8

issue

6

eissn

1548-5595

issn

1548-5609

pii

S1548-5595(15)00035-X

journal_volume

22

pub_type

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