Changing fluxes of carbon and other solutes from the Mekong River.


:Rivers are an important aquatic conduit that connects terrestrial sources of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and other elements with oceanic reservoirs. The Mekong River, one of the world's largest rivers, is firstly examined to explore inter-annual fluxes of dissolved and particulate constituents during 1923-2011 and their associated natural or anthropogenic controls. Over this period, inter-annual fluxes of dissolved and particulate constituents decrease, while anthropogenic activities have doubled the relative abundance of SO4(2-), Cl(-) and Na(+). The estimated fluxes of solutes from the Mekong decrease as follows (Mt/y): TDS (40.4) > HCO3(-) (23.4) > Ca(2+) (6.4) > SO4(2-) (3.8) > Cl(-) (1.74)~Na(+) (1.7) ~ Si (1.67) > Mg(2+) (1.2) > K(+ 0.5). The runoff, land cover and lithological composition significantly contribute to dissolved and particulate yields globally. HCO3(-) and TDS yields are readily predicted by runoff and percent of carbonate, while TSS yield by runoff and population density. The Himalayan Rivers, including the Mekong, are a disproportionally high contributor to global riverine carbon and other solute budgets, and are of course underlined. The estimated global riverine HCO3(-) flux (Himalayan Rivers included) is 34,014 × 10(9) mol/y (0.41 Pg C/y), 3915 Mt/y for solute load, including HCO3(-), and 13,553 Mt/y for TSS. Thereby this study illustrates the importance of riverine solute delivery in global carbon cycling.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Li S,Bush RT




Has Abstract


2015-11-02 00:00:00










  • Snow-dirt sludge as an indicator of environmental and sedimentation processes in the urban environment.

    abstract::The formation of snow-dirt sludge (SDS) via the mixing of snow and surface-deposited sediment by vehicles and pedestrians is one of the least studied sedimentation processes in urban areas. The aim of this study was to analyse the material, mineral, particle size, and chemical compositions of the SDS solid phase. The ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seleznev A,Yarmoshenko I,Malinovsky G,Ilgasheva E,Baglaeva E,Ryanskaya A,Kiseleva D,Gulyaeva T

    更新日期:2019-11-21 00:00:00

  • Resilience of Urban Transport Network-of-Networks under Intense Flood Hazards Exacerbated by Targeted Attacks.

    abstract::Natural hazards including floods can trigger catastrophic failures in interdependent urban transport network-of-networks (NoNs). Population growth has enhanced transportation demand while urbanization and climate change have intensified urban floods. However, despite the clear need to develop actionable insights for i...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yadav N,Chatterjee S,Ganguly AR

    更新日期:2020-06-25 00:00:00

  • Numerical research on the anisotropic transport of thermal neutron in heterogeneous porous media with micron X-ray computed tomography.

    abstract::The anisotropic transport of thermal neutron in heterogeneous porous media is of great research interests in many fields. In this paper, it is the first time that a new model based on micron X-ray computed tomography (CT) has been proposed to simultaneously consider both the separation of matrix and pore and the distr...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Yue W,Zhang M

    更新日期:2016-06-08 00:00:00

  • Silicon-Nanographite Aerogel-Based Anodes for High Performance Lithium Ion Batteries.

    abstract::To increase the energy storage density of lithium-ion batteries, silicon anodes have been explored due to their high capacity. One of the main challenges for silicon anodes are large volume variations during the lithiation processes. Recently, several high-performance schemes have been demonstrated with increased life...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phadatare M,Patil R,Blomquist N,Forsberg S,Örtegren J,Hummelgård M,Meshram J,Hernández G,Brandell D,Leifer K,Sathyanath SKM,Olin H

    更新日期:2019-10-10 00:00:00

  • SiC transmission-type polarization rotator using a large magneto-optical effect boosted and stabilized by dressed photons.

    abstract::This paper reports the fabrication and operation of a transmission-type polarization rotator for visible light with a wavelength of 450 nm using indirect-transition-type semiconductor crystalline SiC in which Al atoms were implanted as a p-type dopant. A novel dressed-photon-phonon (DPP)-assisted annealing method was ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kadowaki T,Kawazoe T,Ohtsu M

    更新日期:2020-07-31 00:00:00

  • The Sulfoquinovosyltransferase-like Enzyme SQD2.2 is Involved in Flavonoid Glycosylation, Regulating Sugar Metabolism and Seed Setting in Rice.

    abstract::Seed setting is an important trait that contributes to seed yield and relies greatly on starch accumulation. In this study, a sulfoquinovosyl transferase-like protein, designated as SQD2.2 involved in seed setting and flavonoid accumulation, was identified and characterized in rice. Rice SQD2.2 is localized to the cyt...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhan X,Shen Q,Wang X,Hong Y

    更新日期:2017-07-05 00:00:00

  • ShadowR: a novel chromoprotein with reduced non-specific binding and improved expression in living cells.

    abstract::Here we developed an orange light-absorbing chromoprotein named ShadowR as a novel acceptor for performing fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy-based Förster resonance energy transfer (FLIM-FRET) measurement in living cells. ShadowR was generated by replacing hydrophobic amino acids located at the surface of the c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murakoshi H,Horiuchi H,Kosugi T,Onda M,Sato A,Koga N,Nabekura J

    更新日期:2019-08-19 00:00:00

  • Transcription Factor HOXA9 is Linked to the Calcification and Invasion of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

    abstract::Calcification is important for the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), a master transcription factor associated with osteogenic differentiation, is reportedly related to PTC calcification and invasiveness. However, its regulatory role in this process is somewhat...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jin Y,Kim HK,Lee J,Soh EY,Kim JH,Song I,Chung YS,Choi YJ

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • The invasiveness of human cervical cancer associated to the function of NaV1.6 channels is mediated by MMP-2 activity.

    abstract::Voltage-gated sodium (NaV) channels have been related with cell migration and invasiveness in human cancers. We previously reported the contribution of NaV1.6 channels activity with the invasion capacity of cervical cancer (CeCa) positive to Human Papilloma Virus type 16 (HPV16), which accounts for 50% of all CeCa cas...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lopez-Charcas O,Espinosa AM,Alfaro A,Herrera-Carrillo Z,Ramirez-Cordero BE,Cortes-Reynosa P,Perez Salazar E,Berumen J,Gomora JC

    更新日期:2018-08-29 00:00:00

  • PrimerSuite: A High-Throughput Web-Based Primer Design Program for Multiplex Bisulfite PCR.

    abstract::The analysis of DNA methylation at CpG dinucleotides has become a major research focus due to its regulatory role in numerous biological processes, but the requisite need for assays which amplify bisulfite-converted DNA represents a major bottleneck due to the unique design constraints imposed on bisulfite-PCR primers...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu J,Johnston A,Berichon P,Ru KL,Korbie D,Trau M

    更新日期:2017-01-24 00:00:00

  • A Micro-Thermal Sensor for Focal Therapy Applications.

    abstract::There is an urgent need for sensors deployed during focal therapies to inform treatment planning and in vivo monitoring in thin tissues. Specifically, the measurement of thermal properties, cooling surface contact, tissue thickness, blood flow and phase change with mm to sub mm accuracy are needed. As a proof of princ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Natesan H,Hodges W,Choi J,Lubner S,Dames C,Bischof J

    更新日期:2016-02-26 00:00:00

  • High Energy electron and proton acceleration by circularly polarized laser pulse from near critical density hydrogen gas target.

    abstract::Relativistic electron rings hold the possibility of very high accelerating rates, and hopefully a relatively cheap and compact accelerator/collimator for ultrahigh energy proton source. In this work, we investigate the generation of helical shaped quasi-monoenergetic relativistic electron beam and high-energy proton b...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sharma A

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Fabrication of laser printed microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (LP-µPADs) for point-of-care applications.

    abstract::Microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (µPADs) have provided a breakthrough in portable and low-cost point-of-care diagnostics. Despite their significant scope, the complexity of fabrication and reliance on expensive and sophisticated tools, have limited their outreach and possibility of commercialization. Herein...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghosh R,Gopalakrishnan S,Savitha R,Renganathan T,Pushpavanam S

    更新日期:2019-05-27 00:00:00

  • A transmission electron microscope study of Néel skyrmion magnetic textures in multilayer thin film systems with large interfacial chiral interaction.

    abstract::Skyrmions in ultrathin ferromagnetic metal (FM)/heavy metal (HM) multilayer systems produced by conventional sputtering methods have recently generated huge interest due to their applications in the field of spintronics. The sandwich structure with two correctly-chosen heavy metal layers provides an additive interfaci...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McVitie S,Hughes S,Fallon K,McFadzean S,McGrouther D,Krajnak M,Legrand W,Maccariello D,Collin S,Garcia K,Reyren N,Cros V,Fert A,Zeissler K,Marrows CH

    更新日期:2018-04-09 00:00:00

  • High-resolution dynamic inversion imaging with motion-aberrations-free using optical flow learning networks.

    abstract::Dynamic optical imaging (e.g. time delay integration imaging) is troubled by the motion blur fundamentally arising from mismatching between photo-induced charge transfer and optical image movements. Motion aberrations from the forward dynamic imaging link impede the acquiring of high-quality images. Here, we propose a...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li J,Liu Z

    更新日期:2019-08-05 00:00:00

  • Systematic Review with Network Meta-Analysis: Antidiabetic Medication and Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

    abstract::Antidiabetic medication may modify the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We aimed to compare the use of different antidiabetic strategies and the incidence of HCC. PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to 31 October 2015 and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies or...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Zhou YY,Zhu GQ,Liu T,Zheng JN,Cheng Z,Zou TT,Braddock M,Fu SW,Zheng MH

    更新日期:2016-09-19 00:00:00

  • Genome-wide association study identified new susceptible genetic variants in HLA class I region for hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma.

    abstract::We have performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) including 473 Japanese HBV (hepatitis B virus)-positive HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) patients and 516 HBV carriers including chronic hepatitis and asymptomatic carrier individuals to identify new host genetic factors associated with HBV-derived HCC in Japanese...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sawai H,Nishida N,Khor SS,Honda M,Sugiyama M,Baba N,Yamada K,Sawada N,Tsugane S,Koike K,Kondo Y,Yatsuhashi H,Nagaoka S,Taketomi A,Fukai M,Kurosaki M,Izumi N,Kang JH,Murata K,Hino K,Nishina S,Matsumoto A,Tanaka

    更新日期:2018-05-21 00:00:00

  • Age-dependent motor dysfunction due to neuron-specific disruption of stress-activated protein kinase MKK7.

    abstract::c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family and controls various physiological processes including apoptosis. A specific upstream activator of JNKs is the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 (MKK7). It has been reported that MKK7-JNK signaling plays an important regul...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yamasaki T,Deki-Arima N,Kaneko A,Miyamura N,Iwatsuki M,Matsuoka M,Fujimori-Tonou N,Okamoto-Uchida Y,Hirayama J,Marth JD,Yamanashi Y,Kawasaki H,Yamanaka K,Penninger JM,Shibata S,Nishina H

    更新日期:2017-08-04 00:00:00

  • Prognosis and risk factors in older patients with lung cancer and pulmonary embolism: a propensity score matching analysis.

    abstract::Older patients, especially those with malignancy, may have an increased risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, few studies have evaluated the clinical characteristics and prognosis of older patients. We evaluated the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and risk factors in older patients with lung cancer complicate...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Junjun L,Pei W,Ying Y,Kui S

    更新日期:2020-01-27 00:00:00

  • Early evening light mitigates sleep compromising physiological and alerting responses to subsequent late evening light.

    abstract::The widespread use of electric light and electronic devices has resulted in an excessive exposure to light during the late-evening and at night. This late light exposure acutely suppresses melatonin and sleepiness and delays the circadian clock. Here we investigate whether the acute effects of late-evening light expos...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Te Kulve M,Schlangen LJM,van Marken Lichtenbelt WD

    更新日期:2019-11-05 00:00:00

  • Novel multiarm polyethylene glycol-dihydroartemisinin conjugates enhancing therapeutic efficacy in non-small-cell lung cancer.

    abstract::The clinical application of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) has been hampered due to its poor water-solubility. To overcome this hurdle, we devised a novel polymer-drug conjugate, multiarm polyethylene glycol-dihydroartemisinin (PEG-DHA), made by linking DHA with multiarm polyethylene glycol. Herein, we investigated PEG-DHA ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dai L,Wang L,Deng L,Liu J,Lei J,Li D,He J

    更新日期:2014-07-29 00:00:00

  • Multiple measures could alleviate long-branch attraction in phylogenomic reconstruction of Cupressoideae (Cupressaceae).

    abstract::Long-branch attraction (LBA) is a major obstacle in phylogenetic reconstruction. The phylogenetic relationships among Juniperus (J), Cupressus (C) and the Hesperocyparis-Callitropsis-Xanthocyparis (HCX) subclades of Cupressoideae are controversial. Our initial analyses of plastid protein-coding gene matrix revealed bo...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qu XJ,Jin JJ,Chaw SM,Li DZ,Yi TS

    更新日期:2017-01-25 00:00:00

  • Comprehensive and Systematic Analysis of Gene Expression Patterns Associated with Body Mass Index.

    abstract::Both genetic and environmental factors are suggested to influence overweight and obesity risks. Although individual loci and genes have been frequently shown to be associated with body mass index (BMI), the overall interaction of these genes and their role in BMI remains underexplored. Data were collected in 90 health...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joseph PV,Jaime-Lara RB,Wang Y,Xiang L,Henderson WA

    更新日期:2019-05-15 00:00:00

  • Fibulin-4 deficiency increases TGF-β signalling in aortic smooth muscle cells due to elevated TGF-β2 levels.

    abstract::Fibulins are extracellular matrix proteins associated with elastic fibres. Homozygous Fibulin-4 mutations lead to life-threatening abnormalities such as aortic aneurysms. Aortic aneurysms in Fibulin-4 mutant mice were associated with upregulation of TGF-β signalling. How Fibulin-4 deficiency leads to deregulation of t...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramnath NW,Hawinkels LJ,van Heijningen PM,te Riet L,Paauwe M,Vermeij M,Danser AH,Kanaar R,ten Dijke P,Essers J

    更新日期:2015-11-26 00:00:00

  • A crystal structure-guided rational design switching non-carbohydrate inhibitors' specificity between two β-GlcNAcase homologs.

    abstract::Selective inhibition of function-specific β-GlcNAcase has great potential in terms of drug design and biological research. The symmetrical bis-naphthalimide M-31850 was previously obtained by screening for specificity against human glycoconjugate-lytic β-GlcNAcase. Using protein-ligand co-crystallization and molecular...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu T,Guo P,Zhou Y,Wang J,Chen L,Yang H,Qian X,Yang Q

    更新日期:2014-08-26 00:00:00

  • Impact of different cell penetrating peptides on the efficacy of antisense therapeutics for targeting intracellular pathogens.

    abstract::There is a pressing need for novel and innovative therapeutic strategies to address infections caused by intracellular pathogens. Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) present a novel method to target intracellular pathogens due to their unique mechanism of action and their ability to be conjugated to cell penetrating peptides...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abushahba MF,Mohammad H,Thangamani S,Hussein AA,Seleem MN

    更新日期:2016-02-10 00:00:00

  • Ex vivo evaluation of an atherosclerotic human coronary artery via histology and high-resolution hard X-ray tomography.

    abstract::Atherosclerotic arteries exhibit characteristic constrictions and substantial deviations from cylindrical shape. Therefore, determining the artery's cross-section along the centerline is challenging, although high-resolution isotropic three-dimensional data are available. Herein, we apply high-resolution computed tomo...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buscema M,Hieber SE,Schulz G,Deyhle H,Hipp A,Beckmann F,Lobrinus JA,Saxer T,Müller B

    更新日期:2019-10-04 00:00:00

  • Elimination of HIV-1 Genomes from Human T-lymphoid Cells by CRISPR/Cas9 Gene Editing.

    abstract::We employed an RNA-guided CRISPR/Cas9 DNA editing system to precisely remove the entire HIV-1 genome spanning between 5' and 3' LTRs of integrated HIV-1 proviral DNA copies from latently infected human CD4+ T-cells. Comprehensive assessment of whole-genome sequencing of HIV-1 eradicated cells ruled out any off-target ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaminski R,Chen Y,Fischer T,Tedaldi E,Napoli A,Zhang Y,Karn J,Hu W,Khalili K

    更新日期:2016-03-04 00:00:00

  • Increasing Boiling Heat Transfer using Low Conductivity Materials.

    abstract::We report the counterintuitive mechanism of increasing boiling heat transfer by incorporating low-conductivity materials at the interface between the surface and fluid. By embedding an array of non-conductive lines into a high-conductivity substrate, in-plane variations in the local surface temperature are created. Du...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rahman MM,Pollack J,McCarthy M

    更新日期:2015-08-18 00:00:00

  • Effects of pirfenidone targeting the tumor microenvironment and tumor-stroma interaction as a novel treatment for non-small cell lung cancer.

    abstract::Targeting cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), as well as the crosstalk between stroma and cancer cells, could be of value in managing cancers. Pirfenidone (PFD) is an anti-fibrotic agent for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. This study aimed to investigate the possibility that PFD might exert an anti-tumor effect throu...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fujiwara A,Funaki S,Fukui E,Kimura K,Kanou T,Ose N,Minami M,Shintani Y

    更新日期:2020-07-02 00:00:00