Antimicrobial compounds from root, stem bark and seeds of Melia volkensii.

Abstract:

:Three compounds, toosendanin (1), kulactone (2) and scopoletin (3), were isolated from either the root bark and/or the stem bark of Melia volkensii. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data generated and by comparison with data from the literature. 1 and 2, isolated for the first time from M. volkensii, exhibited significant (p < 0.05) activity against Escherichia coli with minimum inhibitory concentration of 12.5 μg/mL, close to that of neomycin (6.25 μg/mL). The compounds also exhibited high activity against Aspergillus niger (MIC 6.25 μg/mL compared to 2.5 μg/mL for clotrimazole). Dichloromethane and methanol seed, hexane stem bark and methanol root bark extracts exhibited activities towards Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Aspergillus niger and Plasmodium falciparum, respectively. Antimicrobial activity of the plant towards A. niger, P. falciparum and S. aureus is reported for the first time in the current work.

journal_name

Nat Prod Res

journal_title

Natural product research

authors

Kamau RW,Juma BF,Baraza LD

doi

10.1080/14786419.2015.1101104

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-09-01 00:00:00

pages

1984-7

issue

17

eissn

1478-6419

issn

1478-6427

journal_volume

30

pub_type

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