Allelic variation contributes to bacterial host specificity.

Abstract:

:Understanding the molecular parameters that regulate cross-species transmission and host adaptation of potential pathogens is crucial to control emerging infectious disease. Although microbial pathotype diversity is conventionally associated with gene gain or loss, the role of pathoadaptive nonsynonymous single-nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) has not been systematically evaluated. Here, our genome-wide analysis of core genes within Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium genomes reveals a high degree of allelic variation in surface-exposed molecules, including adhesins that promote host colonization. Subsequent multinomial logistic regression, MultiPhen and Random Forest analyses of known/suspected adhesins from 580 independent Typhimurium isolates identifies distinct host-specific nsSNP signatures. Moreover, population and functional analyses of host-associated nsSNPs for FimH, the type 1 fimbrial adhesin, highlights the role of key allelic residues in host-specific adherence in vitro. Together, our data provide the first concrete evidence that functional differences between allelic variants of bacterial proteins likely contribute to pathoadaption to diverse hosts.

journal_name

Nat Commun

journal_title

Nature communications

authors

Yue M,Han X,De Masi L,Zhu C,Ma X,Zhang J,Wu R,Schmieder R,Kaushik RS,Fraser GP,Zhao S,McDermott PF,Weill FX,Mainil JG,Arze C,Fricke WF,Edwards RA,Brisson D,Zhang NR,Rankin SC,Schifferli DM

doi

10.1038/ncomms9754

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-10-30 00:00:00

pages

8754

issn

2041-1723

pii

ncomms9754

journal_volume

6

pub_type

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