Vegetation Greening and Climate Change Promote Multidecadal Rises of Global Land Evapotranspiration.


:Recent studies showed that anomalous dry conditions and limited moisture supply roughly between 1998 and 2008, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, led to reduced vegetation productivity and ceased growth in land evapotranspiration (ET). However, natural variability of Earth's climate system can degrade capabilities for identifying climate trends. Here we produced a long-term (1982-2013) remote sensing based land ET record and investigated multidecadal changes in global ET and underlying causes. The ET record shows a significant upward global trend of 0.88 mm yr(-2) (P < 0.001) over the 32-year period, mainly driven by vegetation greening (0.018% per year; P < 0.001) and rising atmosphere moisture demand (0.75 mm yr(-2); P = 0.016). Our results indicate that reduced ET growth between 1998 and 2008 was an episodic phenomenon, with subsequent recovery of the ET growth rate after 2008. Terrestrial precipitation also shows a positive trend of 0.66 mm yr(-2) (P = 0.08) over the same period consistent with expected water cycle intensification, but this trend is lower than coincident increases in evaporative demand and ET, implying a possibility of cumulative water supply constraint to ET. Continuation of these trends will likely exacerbate regional drought-induced disturbances, especially during regional dry climate phases associated with strong El Niño events.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Zhang K,Kimball JS,Nemani RR,Running SW,Hong Y,Gourley JJ,Yu Z




Has Abstract


2015-10-30 00:00:00










  • Protease Inhibition Improves Healing of The Vaginal Wall after Obstetrical Injury: Results from a Preclinical Animal Model.

    abstract::Vaginal delivery with obstetrical trauma is a risk factor for pelvic organ prolapse later in life. Loss of fibulin-5 (FBLN5), an elastogenesis-promoting cellular matrix protein, results in prolapse in mice. Here, we evaluated effects of pregnancy, parturition, and obstetrical injury on FBLN5 content, elastic fibers, b...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hamner J,Florian-Rodriguez M,Acevedo J,Shi H,Word RA

    更新日期:2020-04-14 00:00:00

  • Excited-state fidelity as a signal for the many-body localization transition in a disordered Ising chain.

    abstract::In this work, we use exact matrix diagonalization to explore the many-body localization (MBL) transitions in quantum Ising chains with disordered nearest-neighbour couplings, disordered next-nearest-neighbour couplings and disordered external fields. It is demonstrated that the fidelity can be used to characterize the...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hu T,Xue K,Li X,Zhang Y,Ren H

    更新日期:2017-04-03 00:00:00

  • Intracellular tracing of amyloid vaccines through direct fluorescent labelling.

    abstract::Alzheimer's disease is a debilitating neurodegenerative condition that progressively causes synaptic loss and major neuronal damage. Immunotherapy utilising Aβ as an active immunogen or via passive treatment utilising antibodies raised to amyloid have shown therapeutic promise. The migratory properties of peripheral b...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mold M,Kumar M,Mirza A,Shardlow E,Exley C

    更新日期:2018-02-05 00:00:00

  • Quantum key distribution over 120 km using ultrahigh purity single-photon source and superconducting single-photon detectors.

    abstract::Advances in single-photon sources (SPSs) and single-photon detectors (SPDs) promise unique applications in the field of quantum information technology. In this paper, we report long-distance quantum key distribution (QKD) by using state-of-the-art devices: a quantum-dot SPS (QD SPS) emitting a photon in the telecom ba...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takemoto K,Nambu Y,Miyazawa T,Sakuma Y,Yamamoto T,Yorozu S,Arakawa Y

    更新日期:2015-09-25 00:00:00

  • On the Hydrogen Bond Strength and Vibrational Spectroscopy of Liquid Water.

    abstract::In the present work, we introduce two new metrics i.e. hydrogen-bond strength and charge-transfer between the donor/acceptor water molecules as a measure of hydrogen-bond rearrangement dynamics. Further, we also employ a simple model based on energy flux through the donor-acceptor water pairs to quantify the extent of...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ojha D,Karhan K,Kühne TD

    更新日期:2018-11-15 00:00:00

  • CNS microRNA profiles: a database for cell type enriched microRNA expression across the mouse central nervous system.

    abstract::microRNAs are short, noncoding RNAs that can regulate hundreds of targets and thus shape the expression landscape of a cell. Similar to mRNA, they often exhibit cell type enriched expression and serve to reinforce cellular identity. In tissue with high cellular complexity, such as the central nervous system (CNS), it ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pomper N,Liu Y,Hoye ML,Dougherty JD,Miller TM

    更新日期:2020-03-18 00:00:00

  • Exposure history, post-exposure prophylaxis use, and clinical characteristics of human rabies cases in China, 2006-2012.

    abstract::Rabies is still a public health threat in China. Evaluating the exposure history, clinical characteristics, and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) of the cases could help in identifying approaches to reducing the number of these preventable deaths. We analysed data collected from 10,971 case-investigations conducted in C...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo C,Li Y,Huai Y,Rao CY,Lai S,Mu D,Yin W,Yu H,Nie S

    更新日期:2018-11-21 00:00:00

  • Phaeophleospora vochysiae Savi & Glienke sp. nov. Isolated from Vochysia divergens Found in the Pantanal, Brazil, Produces Bioactive Secondary Metabolites.

    abstract::Microorganisms associated with plants are highly diverse and can produce a large number of secondary metabolites, with antimicrobial, anti-parasitic and cytotoxic activities. We are particularly interested in exploring endophytes from medicinal plants found in the Pantanal, a unique and widely unexplored wetland in Br...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Savi DC,Shaaban KA,Gos FMWR,Ponomareva LV,Thorson JS,Glienke C,Rohr J

    更新日期:2018-02-15 00:00:00

  • Superoxide dismutase down-regulation and the oxidative stress is required to initiate pupation in Bombyx mori.

    abstract::Perhaps, oxidative stress progresses pupation in some Lepidopteran insects; however, the reasons for this remain obscure. In our previous study, we clarified Bombyx mori SOD1 (BmSOD1) and B. mori SOD2 (BmSOD2) proteins respond in common to ultraviolet irradiation (UV) oxidative stress and metamorphosis. This result st...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nojima Y,Bono H,Yokoyama T,Iwabuchi K,Sato R,Arai K,Tabunoki H

    更新日期:2019-10-11 00:00:00

  • Point-dipole approximation for small systems of strongly coupled radiating nanorods.

    abstract::Systems of closely-spaced resonators can be strongly coupled by interactions mediated by scattered electromagnetic fields. In large systems the resulting response has been shown to be more sensitive to these collective interactions than to the detailed structure of individual resonators. Attempts to describe such syst...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watson DW,Jenkins SD,Fedotov VA,Ruostekoski J

    更新日期:2019-04-05 00:00:00

  • Electricity from lignocellulosic substrates by thermophilic Geobacillus species.

    abstract::Given our vast lignocellulosic biomass reserves and the difficulty in bioprocessing them without expensive pretreatment and fuel separation steps, the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass directly into electricity would be beneficial. Here we report the previously unexplored capabilities of thermophilic Geobacillus s...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shrestha N,Tripathi AK,Govil T,Sani RK,Urgun-Demirtas M,Kasthuri V,Gadhamshetty V

    更新日期:2020-10-12 00:00:00

  • Role of valence changes and nanoscale atomic displacements in BiS2-based superconductors.

    abstract::Superconductivity within layered crystal structures has attracted sustained interest among condensed matter community, primarily due to their exotic superconducting properties. EuBiS2F is a newly discovered member in the BiS2-based superconducting family, which shows superconductivity at 0.3 K without extrinsic doping...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheng J,Zhai H,Wang Y,Xu W,Liu S,Cao G

    更新日期:2016-11-22 00:00:00

  • Mechanically Controlled Electron Transfer in a Single-Polypeptide Transistor.

    abstract::Proteins are of interest in nano-bio electronic devices due to their versatile structures, exquisite functionality and specificity. However, quantum transport measurements produce conflicting results due to technical limitations whereby it is difficult to precisely determine molecular orientation, the nature of the mo...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheu SY,Yang DY

    更新日期:2017-01-04 00:00:00

  • Bioengineering of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli to enrich for accumulation of environmental copper.

    abstract::Heavy metal sequestration from industrial wastes and agricultural soils is a long-standing challenge. This is more critical for copper since copper pollution is hazardous both for the environment and for human health. In this study, we applied an integrated approach of Darwin's theory of natural selection with bacteri...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gahlot DK,Taheri N,Mahato DR,Francis MS

    更新日期:2020-11-23 00:00:00

  • Ecological responses to flow variation inform river dolphin conservation.

    abstract::Many environmental flow (e-flow) studies and applications have predominantly used state-(i.e., at a single time point) and rate-(i.e., temporal change) based demographic characteristics of species representing lower trophic levels (e.g., fish communities) to build flow-ecology relationships, rather than using a proces...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paudel S,Koprowski JL,Thakuri U,Sigdel R,Gautam RC

    更新日期:2020-12-18 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of the transmission of autoregressive sub-patterns in financial time series.

    abstract::There are many types of autoregressive patterns in financial time series, and they form a transmission process. Here, we define autoregressive patterns quantitatively through an econometrical regression model. We present a computational algorithm that sets the autoregressive patterns as nodes and transmissions between...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao X,An H,Fang W,Huang X,Li H,Zhong W

    更新日期:2014-09-05 00:00:00

  • Efficient DNA-Polymer Coupling in Organic Solvents: A Survey of Amide Coupling, Thiol-Ene and Tetrazine-Norbornene Chemistries Applied to Conjugation of Poly(N-Isopropylacrylamide).

    abstract::A range of chemistries were explored for the efficient covalent conjugation of DNA to poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (poly(NIPAM)) in organic solvents. Amide coupling and thiol-ene Michael addition were found to be ineffective for the synthesis of the desired products. However, the inverse electron-demand Diels-Alder (DA...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilks TR,O'Reilly RK

    更新日期:2016-12-16 00:00:00

  • Polychromatic polarization microscope: bringing colors to a colorless world.

    abstract::Interference of two combined white light beams produces Newton colors if one of the beams is retarded relative to the other by from 400 nm to 2000 nm. In this case the corresponding interfering spectral components are added as two scalars at the beam combination. If the retardance is below 400 nm the two-beam interfer...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shribak M

    更新日期:2015-11-27 00:00:00

  • 2D and 3D convolutional neural networks for outcome modelling of locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

    abstract::For treatment individualisation of patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with primary radiochemotherapy, we explored the capabilities of different deep learning approaches for predicting loco-regional tumour control (LRC) from treatment-planning computed tomography images...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Starke S,Leger S,Zwanenburg A,Leger K,Lohaus F,Linge A,Schreiber A,Kalinauskaite G,Tinhofer I,Guberina N,Guberina M,Balermpas P,von der Grün J,Ganswindt U,Belka C,Peeken JC,Combs SE,Boeke S,Zips D,Richter C,Troost

    更新日期:2020-09-24 00:00:00

  • The thiazide sensitive sodium chloride co-transporter NCC is modulated by site-specific ubiquitylation.

    abstract::The renal sodium chloride cotransporter, NCC, in the distal convoluted tubule is important for maintaining body Na+ and K+ homeostasis. Endogenous NCC is highly ubiquitylated, but the role of individual ubiquitylation sites is not established. Here, we assessed the role of 10 ubiquitylation sites for NCC function. Tra...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenbaek LL,Rizzo F,Wu Q,Rojas-Vega L,Gamba G,MacAulay N,Staub O,Fenton RA

    更新日期:2017-10-11 00:00:00

  • NFKB2 polymorphisms associate with the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis and response to TNF inhibitors: Results from the REPAIR consortium.

    abstract::This study sought to evaluate the association of 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within NFKB and inflammasome pathway genes with the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and response to TNF inhibitors (TNFi). We conducted a case-control study in a European population of 1194 RA patients and 1328 healthy control...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manuel Sánchez-Maldonado J,Martínez-Bueno M,Canhão H,Ter Horst R,Muñoz-Peña S,Moñiz-Díez A,Rodríguez-Ramos A,Escudero A,Sorensen SB,Hetland ML,Ferrer MA,Glintborg B,Filipescu I,Pérez-Pampin E,Conesa-Zamora P,García A,den

    更新日期:2020-03-09 00:00:00

  • Noninvasive low-cycle fatigue characterization at high depth with photoacoustic eigen-spectrum analysis.

    abstract::In this work, photoacoustic eigen-spectrum analysis was proposed for noninvasively characterizing the mechanical properties of materials. We theoretically predicted the relationship between the photoacoustic eigen-spectra of cylindrical optical absorbers and their mechanical properties. Experimental measurements of ei...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao X,Tao C,Zhu R,Liu X

    更新日期:2018-05-17 00:00:00

  • Therapeutic potential of Bifidobacterium breve strain A1 for preventing cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease.

    abstract::It has previously been shown that the consumption of probiotics may have beneficial effects not only on peripheral tissues but also on the central nervous system and behavior via the microbiota-gut-brain axis, raising the possibility that treatment with probiotics could be an effective therapeutic strategy for managin...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kobayashi Y,Sugahara H,Shimada K,Mitsuyama E,Kuhara T,Yasuoka A,Kondo T,Abe K,Xiao JZ

    更新日期:2017-10-18 00:00:00

  • Pantoprazole impairs fracture healing in aged mice.

    abstract::Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) belong to the most common medication in geriatric medicine. They are known to reduce osteoclast activity and to delay fracture healing in young adult mice. Because differentiation and proliferation in fracture healing as well as pharmacologic actions of drugs markedly differ in the elderl...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Menger MM,Bremer P,Scheuer C,Rollmann MF,Braun BJ,Herath SC,Orth M,Später T,Pohlemann T,Menger MD,Histing T

    更新日期:2020-12-23 00:00:00

  • Transient autonomic responses during sustained attention in high and low fit young adults.

    abstract::Maintaining vigilance over long periods of time is especially critical in performing fundamental everyday activities and highly responsible professional tasks (e.g., driving, performing surgery or piloting). Here, we investigated the role of aerobic fitness as a crucial factor related to the vigilance capacity. To thi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luque-Casado A,Perakakis P,Ciria LF,Sanabria D

    更新日期:2016-06-08 00:00:00

  • A comprehensive validation of HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure models to assist decision-making in targeted therapeutics.

    abstract::This research utilized an external longitudinal dataset of hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) to compare and validate various predictive models that support the current recommendations to select the most effective predictive risk models to estimate short- and long-term mortality and fa...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shen Y,Wang X,Zhang S,Qin G,Liu Y,Lu Y,Liang F,Zhuang X

    更新日期:2016-09-16 00:00:00

  • Innate immune alterations are elicited in microglial cells before plaque deposition in the Alzheimer's disease mouse model 5xFAD.

    abstract::Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia characterized by the formation of amyloid plaques (Aβ). Over the last decade, the important role of the innate immune system for the disease development has been established. Chronic activation of microglial cells creates a proinflammatory environment, which...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boza-Serrano A,Yang Y,Paulus A,Deierborg T

    更新日期:2018-01-24 00:00:00

  • MicroRNA profiling of CD3+ CD56+ cytokine-induced killer cells.

    abstract::Studies have proven that IL-2 and IL-15 showed contrasting roles during CIK cells preparation. By employing microarray, we analyzed miRNA expression profiles of PBMC, CIKIL-2 and CIKIL-15. Advanced bioinformatic analyses were performed to explore the key miRNAs which may regulate cell proliferation and anti-tumor acti...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang W,Li R,Meng M,Wei C,Xie Y,Zhang Y,Jiang L,Dong R,Wang C,Zhong Y,Yang F,Tang W,Jin X,Liu B,Hou Z

    更新日期:2015-03-31 00:00:00

  • Essential role of the Na+-Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) in glutamate-enhanced cell survival in cardiac cells exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation.

    abstract::Myocardial ischemia culminates in ATP production impairment, ionic derangement and cell death. The provision of metabolic substrates during reperfusion significantly increases heart tolerance to ischemia by improving mitochondrial performance. Under normoxia, glutamate contributes to myocardial energy balance as subst...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maiolino M,Castaldo P,Lariccia V,Piccirillo S,Amoroso S,Magi S

    更新日期:2017-10-12 00:00:00

  • Revisiting optical properties of MgB2 with a high-quality sample prepared by a HPCVD method.

    abstract::We investigated a high-quality MgB2 thin film with a thickness of ~1000 nm on an Al2O3 substrate using optical spectroscopy. We measured the reflectance spectra of the film at various temperatures both below, and above, the superconducting transition temperature, T c   [Formula: see text] 40 K. An earlier study showed...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seo YS,Lee JH,Kang WN,Hwang J

    更新日期:2017-08-21 00:00:00