Comparison of Short-Course Radiotherapy Versus Long-Course Radiotherapy for Treatment of Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Abstract:

:In this study, we evaluate the efficacy of short-course radiotherapy (SCRT) versus long-course radiotherapy (LCRT) in the treatment of metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC).PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched up to April 2015. Relevant data were extracted based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Methodological quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) was evaluated using modified Jadad scale; non-RCT was evaluated using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software.Fourteen studies with 2239 patients were included. Results of meta-analysis showed that there were no significant differences between SCRT and long-course radiotherapy LCRT in 6-month overall survival rate (risk ratio [RR] = 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.88, 1.07, P = 0.55), 1-year overall survival rate (RR = 0.94, 95% CI 0.85, 1.04, P = 0.22), motor function improvement (RR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.81, 1.13, P = 0.63), no change on motor function (RR = 0.98, 95% CI (0.88, 1.09), P = 0.74], and deterioration on motor function (RR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.71, 1.31, P = 0.78). Compared with SCRT, LCRT significantly increased 6-month local control rate (RR = 0.87, 95% CI 0.80, 0.95, P = 0.002), 1-year local control rate (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.71, 0.97, P = 0.02), and 2-year local control rate (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.79, 0.87, P < 0.00001).Both LCRT and SCRT provided similar survival rates and functional outcome, but LCRT showed better local control rates than SCRT. However, considering low cost and good patient's compliance, SCRT may be a better choice.

journal_name

Medicine (Baltimore)

journal_title

Medicine

authors

Qu S,Meng HL,Liang ZG,Zhu XD,Li L,Chen LX,Zhou ZR

doi

10.1097/MD.0000000000001843

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-10-01 00:00:00

pages

e1843

issue

43

eissn

0025-7974

issn

1536-5964

pii

00005792-201510270-00045

journal_volume

94

pub_type

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