Hypothalamus-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Hypersuppression Is Associated with Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Major Depression.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/AIMS:Gastrointestinal symptoms and hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction are frequently observed in patients with major depression. The primary aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between HPA-axis function and self-perceived functional gastrointestinal symptoms in major depression. METHODS:Patients with major depression (n = 73) and controls representative of the general population (n = 146) underwent a weight adjusted very low dose dexamethasone suppression test (DST). Patients and controls completed the gastrointestinal symptom rating scale-iritable bowel syndrome (GSRS-IBS) and the hospital anxiety depression scale. Medical records of the patients were screened over a ten year period for functional gastrointestinal disorder and pain conditions. RESULTS:Patients with high GSRS-IBS scores (above median) exhibited HPA-axis hypersuppression more often than controls (defined by the lowest 10% cutoff of the post-DST cortisol values among controls, adjusted OR 7.25, CI 1.97-26.7) whereas patients with low GSRS-IBS scores did not differ from controls concerning their post-DST cortisol values. Patients who had consulted primary care for functional gastrointestinal disorder (P = 0.039), lumbago (P = 0.006) and chronic multifocal pain (P = 0.057) also exhibited an increased frequency of hypersuppression. CONCLUSIONS:HPA-axis hypersuppression is associated with functional gastrointestinal symptoms in patients with major depression.

authors

Karling P,Wikgren M,Adolfsson R,Norrback KF

doi

10.5056/jnm15064

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-04-30 00:00:00

pages

292-303

issue

2

eissn

2093-0879

issn

2093-0887

pii

jnm15064

journal_volume

22

pub_type

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