Characterization of "Hydrocarbon" Dry Cleaning in King County, Washington.


:In King County, Washington, the most frequently used alternative solvent to perchloroethylene is a hydrotreated petroleum hydrocarbon. The objectives of the authors' study were to 1) determine the frequency of use of process chemicals used in "hydrocarbon" dry cleaning and gather other operational information; 2) chemically characterize the process chemicals; 3) characterize the still bottoms and separator water wastes according to dangerous waste and wastewater discharge regulations; 4) identify linkages between work practices, process chemicals, and the chemical composition of the waste streams; and 5) evaluate the aquatic toxicity of the hydrocarbon solvent and detergent. Many hydrocarbon dry cleaners are using process chemicals that contain hazardous substances, including trichloroethylene. One sample of separator water contained 13,000 µg/L trichloroethylene. This sample was determined to be federal hazardous waste, state-only dangerous waste (i.e., according to Washington state-specific regulations), and failed wastewater discharge thresholds. All still bottoms were determined to be state-only dangerous wastes. Efforts should be directed towards replacing hazardous spot cleaning chemicals with safer alternatives and ensuring that wastes are disposed of appropriately.


J Environ Health


Whittaker SG,Taylor J,Van Hooser LM


Has Abstract


2015-09-01 00:00:00










  • Improvement of ventilatory function by spa therapy in patients with intractable asthma.

    abstract::Twenty-five patients with intractable asthma had swimming training in a hot spring pool for 3 months. The subjects were divided into three groups according to their clinical symptoms and ages. Changes of ventilatory function during swimming training were observed in in each group. The ventilatory function test reveale...

    journal_title:Acta medica Okayama

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tanizaki Y

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation and cloning of human papillomavirus 16 L1 gene from Iranian isolate.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To isolate and construct cloning and expression vectors containing human papillomavirus (HPV16-L1) gene as target for application as recombinant vaccine. METHODS:The study was performed in 2007 in Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Four genital specimens DNAs were amplified with the use of HPV type-sp...

    journal_title:Saudi medical journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teimoori A,Soleimanjahi H,Fotouhi F,Meshkat Z

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Dynamika uvolnování neomycinu a linkomycinu in vitro ze sklokeramických materiálů].

    abstract::The dynamics of release of neomycin and lincomycin from glass-ceramic materials BAS-0, BAS-HA and BAS-R in the form of cullet was monitored in vitro. After the saturation by individual antibiotics the glass-ceramic samples were overlaid with fibrin glue and after it became solid they were covered with buffered physiol...

    journal_title:Acta chirurgiae orthopaedicae et traumatologiae Cechoslovaca

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hanovcová I,Urban K

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Utility of Tc-99m labeled heat-denatured red blood cell scintigraphy in a case of hepatic splenosis].

    abstract::The term splenosis, first used in the medical literature in 1939, refers to the autotransplantation of splenic tissue in a heterotopic location. We report the case of a known hepatitis C carrier in whom computed tomography scanning revealed a hepatic lesion suggestive of hepatocarcinoma. Magnetic Resonance imaging was...

    journal_title:Gastroenterologia y hepatologia

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martínez Del Valle Torres MD,Ortega Lozano SJ,Jiménez-Hoyuela García JM,Delgado García A,Gavilán Carrasco JC,Bermúdez Recio FJ

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Total Resolution of Large Scalp Swelling due to Calvarial Tuberculosis with Medical Management Only: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    abstract::Calvarial tuberculosis is rare. It presents with single or multiple discharging sinus or a localized focal scalp swelling with overlying skin discoloration. Usually subgaleal collection is associated with evolution of sinus formation in different stages. However, extensive scalp swelling spreading across bifrontal are...

    journal_title:Turkish neurosurgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dawar P,Satyarthee GD,Sharma BS

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  • [Images of acute intracranial arterial occlusions obtained by CT scan].

    abstract::In 1 case of occlusion of the basilar artery and 1 case of occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery a CT Scan performed within 24 hours of onset showed a high density area corresponding to the segmental arterial occlusion. In both cases on repeat CT Scans 5 and 9 days after the onset the high density area had disa...

    journal_title:Revue neurologique

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gautier JC,Awada A,Majdalani A

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Human papilloma virus vaccine: determinants of acceptability by mothers for adolescents in Nigeria.

    abstract::Vaccination of adolescent females against Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), the causative agent for cervical cancer has recently become available. As minors, parental acceptance of the vaccines for adolescent daughters requires exploration. This was a cross-sectional survey of 201 mothers attending the gynaecology clinic i...

    journal_title:African journal of reproductive health

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    authors: Ezeanochie MC,Olagbuji BN

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Irreversibility: cardiac death versus brain death.

    abstract::The acceptance of brain death (BD) as death of the human being has been progressively accepted beginning in the early 1960s. The issue of irreversibility is directly related to the diagnosis of human death, and it is closely associated with the concept of potentiality, i.e., that some patients still have the potential...

    journal_title:Reviews in the neurosciences

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  • Management of dental infections by medical practitioners.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with dental infections frequently present to primary care practitioners such as emergency physicians or general practitioners. It is important for these healthcare professionals to understand how to assess and treat such conditions, including when to refer and to whom. OBJECTIVE:This article aims t...

    journal_title:Australian family physician

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • Dynamic Expression of Platelet-Derived Growth Factor-D and Phosphorylated Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor-Β after Traumatic Brain Injury in Rats.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We explored the dynamic expression of platelet-derived growth factor-D (PDGF-D) and phosphorylated platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (p-PDGFR-β) after traumatic brain injury in rats to provide theoretical basis for selecting therapeutic target and intervention time after traumatic brain injury. METH...

    journal_title:Clinical laboratory

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cai Z,Zhu W,Zhao H,Yang P,Yang Y,Xu F

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • [A propos a case of intestinal duplication in an adult (author's transl)].

    abstract::The authors report the case of a 26 year-old patient presenting with rectal hemorrhage. Roentgenograms showed the origin of this was an intestinal duplication. This congenital malformation is very rare in adults as it usually appears during childhood. Then comes an appraisal of the clinical signs, the histology, the e...

    journal_title:Acta chirurgica Belgica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1978-09-01 00:00:00

  • Leprosy with neurofibromatosis--a diagnostic dilemma.

    abstract::The coexistence of leprosy with neurofibromatosis is a rare finding and can pose a diagnostic dilemma. Neurofibromatosis coexisting with borderline tuberculoid leprosy has previously not been reported. We report such a case in a 13-year-old boy where biopsy of clinically uninvolved nerve revealed the presence of acid-...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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  • The therapeutic equivalence of oral and intravenous iron in renal dialysis patients.

    abstract::Oral and intravenous iron were compared in patients treated with renal dialysis by a cross-over trial. Intravenous iron was given over 2 weeks as an iron dextran (equivalent to 100 mg elemental iron). Oral iron was given daily as ferrous sulphate (equivalent to 100 mg elemental iron) in a wax matrix tablet. Each treat...

    journal_title:Clinical nephrology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Strickland ID,Chaput de Saintonge DM,Boulton FE,Francis B,Roubikova J,Waters JI

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    abstract::We looked for anti-Scl-70 and anti-centromere antibodies in 109 patients (26 men and 83 women). Mean age was 43 +/- 15 years. Forty patients had systemic sclerosis according to ARA criteria. The extension of cutaneous involvement was defined by using Barnett and Coventry criteria: 12 patients were type I (sclerodactyl...

    journal_title:Annales de dermatologie et de venereologie

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental paracetamol nephropathy and pyelonephritis in rats.

    abstract::The nephrotoxicity of paracetamol (acetaminophen) administered to rats in doses of 300 mg/kg/day for periods up to 32 weeks was increased in the presence of experimentally induced pyelonephritis. The same dose of paracetamol failed to cause renal lesions in rats without pyelonephritis. Generally the pyelonephritic rea...

    journal_title:Clinical nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1981-12-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of physicians' knowledge of Glasgow coma score.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most commonly used tool in assessing comatose patients. It is simple, easily communicable, and useful in prognostication and determination of the treatment modality in head injury. Unfortunately, a high percentage of clinicians who are not in the emergency or neurological serv...

    journal_title:Nigerian journal of clinical practice

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Emejulu J,Nkwerem S,Ekweogwu OC

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Changing models of care for emergency surgical and trauma patients in Singapore.

    abstract::The last 15 years have seen changing patterns of injury in emergency surgery and trauma patients. The ability to diagnose, treat and manage these patients nonoperatively has led to a decline in interest in trauma surgery as a career. In addition, healthcare systems face multiple challenges, including limited resources...

    journal_title:Singapore medical journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathur S,Goo TT,Tan TJ,Tan KY,Mak KS

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Integration of complementary biomarkers in patients with first episode psychosis: research protocol of a prospective follow up study.

    abstract::In this project, we recruited a sample of 150 patients with first episode of psychosis with schizophrenia features (FEP) and 100 healthy controls. We assessed the differences between these two groups, as well as the changes between the acute phase of illness and subsequent remission among patients over 18-month longit...

    journal_title:Psychiatria Danubina

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rojnic Kuzman M,Makaric P,Bosnjak Kuharic D,Kekin I,Rossini Gajsak L,Boban M,Bozina N,Bozina T,Celic Ruzic M,Darmopil S,Filipcic I,Ganoci L,Hladnik A,Madzarac Z,Malojcic B,Mihaljevic Peles A,Mueller DJ,Ostojic D,Petan

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Marginal integrity of bonded amalgam restorations.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the marginal integrity of amalgam restorations in association with four different bonding agents in an in vitro stressing system. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Cylindrical cavities were prepared in extracted human molars. The enamel-dentin interface of each cavity was treated with one of four different bon...

    journal_title:American journal of dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tarim B,Suzuki S,Suzuki S,Cox CF

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • [A case of primary testicular carcinoid tumor].

    abstract::Carcinoid tumors are rare and mainly found in the G.I. tractus but also in the tracheobronchial tree and ovaries. The testicular localization, primary or metastatic, is rare. The authors report a primary carcinoid tumor of the testis in a 35 years old male. The tumor characteristics are well enough known from the lite...

    journal_title:Acta chirurgica Belgica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nguyen TH,Wart F,Couvreur Y

    更新日期:1984-05-01 00:00:00

  • Monocrotophos--worker safety.

    abstract::Monitoring data on field-worker exposure studies show that prolonged or continued use of monocrotophos in plant protection may lead to significant dermal exposure with an impact on cholinesterase activity. Although oral uptake (suicide) is more hazardous than dermal exposure (spray work), both exposure routes may be p...

    journal_title:Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Schulze-Rosario C,Loosli R

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of S-100 protein and anticeramide antibodies in leprosy patients by ELISA.

    abstract::The status of assay for S-100 antigen protein and anticeramide antibodies in serum in understanding nerve damage in different forms of leprosy were evaluated by the enzyme immunoassay. Based on the clinical and smear examination, patients were classified as indeterminate (Ind), tuberculoid (TT), borderline tuberculoid...

    journal_title:Leprosy review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Narayan R,Maheshwari PK,Desikan KV,Harinath BC

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Design, synthesis and pharmacophoric model building of novel substituted nicotinic acid hydrazones with potential antiproliferative activity.

    abstract::Novel 6-aryl-2-methylnicotinic acid hydrazides 4a-c and their corresponding hydrazones 5a-c and 6a-i were synthesized. X-ray single crystal diffraction of 6h confirmed the chemical structure of hydrazones 6a-i. Antiproliferative activity of the synthetic compounds was investigated against K562 leukemia cell lines. Var...

    journal_title:Archives of pharmacal research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abdel-Aziz HA,Aboul-Fadl T,Al-Obaid AR,Ghazzali M,Al-Dhfyan A,Contini A

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Association of single-nucleotide polymorphism in the FKBP5 gene with response to steroids in pediatric patients with primary nephrotic syndrome

    abstract:AIM:This study aimed to assess the association of single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of FKBP5 with response to steroids in children with primary nephrotic syndrome (NS). MATERIALS AND METHODS:A total of 66 primary NS patients (cases) and 68 healthy individuals (controls) were enrolled in this study. The FKBP5 polymo...

    journal_title:Clinical nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Du N,Yang F,Li L,Liu X,Sun L,Zhang S,He X,Tang Y,Shi J,Liu C,Zhang X

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Ontogeny of galanin-immunoreactive neurons in the central nervous system of the chicken.

    abstract::1. The ontogenic development and differentiation of the galanin-immunoreactive (GA-IR) neuron systems in the avian brain was studied by the aid of immunocytochemistry. 2. The first traces of GA-immunoreactivity can be detected already on day 2 of embryonic life within the neural tube, and the system appears to be full...

    journal_title:Acta biologica Hungarica

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Józsa R,Mess B

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Micromorphology of the bonded dentin interface and its relationship to bond strength.

    abstract::This study demonstrated a relationship between shear bond strength and the formation of a "hybrid" layer associated with the infiltration of resin into the conditioned dentin. The wetness of the substrate was also shown to influence shear bond strength with a statistically significant increase in bond strength when th...

    journal_title:American journal of dentistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gwinnett AJ,Kanca JA 3rd

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of some antibiotics on lipase and hydrophobicity of Acinetobacter baumannii.

    abstract::Effect of four antibiotics (cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cefepime and ofloxacin) at subinhibitory concentrations (sub-MICs) (1/4, 1/8 or 1/16 of the MICs) on lipase and cell surface hydrophobicity of a clinical isolate of Acinetobacter baumannii 16265 was studied. Lipase activity in the majority of the cases was not signi...

    journal_title:Central European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hostacká A

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of visual feedback on brain activation during motor tasks: an FMRI study.

    abstract::This study examined the effect of visual feedback and force level on the neural mechanisms responsible for the performance of a motor task. We used a voxel-wise fMRI approach to determine the effect of visual feedback (with and without) during a grip force task at 35% and 70% of maximum voluntary contraction. Two area...

    journal_title:Motor control

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Noble JW,Eng JJ,Boyd LA

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Progression of renal failure in patients with compromised renal function is not always present: evaluation of underlying disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It has been proposed that, once renal function has been restricted in chronic kidney disease, compensatory hyperfiltration results in a compulsory deterioration of renal function. PATIENTS AND METHODS:In this study, 83 patients originally starting from a serum creatinine (S(crea)) between 2.0 and 5.0 mg/dl ...

    journal_title:Clinical nephrology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rottey S,Vanholder R,De Schoenmakere G,Lameire N

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Testis-specific histone H3 expression in somatic cells.

    abstract::Histone variants functionally differentiate individual nucleosomes and, hence, act as key regulators of chromatin structure and function. Large-scale proteomic projects are now valuable sources of histone-variant discovery, showing, in particular, that somatic mammalian cells express a larger panel of histone H3 varia...

    journal_title:Trends in biochemical sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Govin J,Caron C,Rousseaux S,Khochbin S

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00