Mechanical origin of aftershocks.

Abstract:

:Aftershocks are the most striking evidence of earthquake interactions and the physical mechanisms at the origin of their occurrence are still intensively debated. Novel insights stem from recent results on the influence of the faulting style on the aftershock organisation in magnitude and time. Our study shows that the size of the aftershock zone depends on the fault geometry. We find that positive correlations among parameters controlling aftershock occurrence in time, energy and space are a stable feature of seismicity independently of magnitude range and geographic areas. We explain the ensemble of experimental findings by means of a description of the Earth Crust as an heterogeneous elastic medium coupled with a Maxwell viscoelastic asthenosphere. Our results show that heterogeneous stress distribution in an elastic layer combined with a coupling to a viscous flow are sufficient ingredients to describe the physics of aftershock triggering.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Lippiello E,Giacco F,Marzocchi W,Godano C,de Arcangelis L

doi

10.1038/srep15560

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-10-26 00:00:00

pages

15560

issn

2045-2322

pii

srep15560

journal_volume

5

pub_type

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