Psychiatric comorbidities among Iranian elderly patients on methadone maintenance treatment.


BACKGROUND:Comorbidity of psychiatric disorders and substance abuse can intensify both conditions, and when advanced age is added to the combination, the patient will face a distinctive array of issues. This study evaluated the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in elderly substance users as well as certain related factors. METHODS:This cross-sectional study was performed on 160 consenting elderly substance users 60 years and over who had been on methadone maintenance. The subjects were selected from rehabilitation centers affiliated with the Welfare Organization in Tehran through convenience sampling, and were assessed for current or lifetime axis-I psychiatric disorders using the SCID questionnaire. RESULTS:In this study, 28.1% of substance abusers were diagnosed with at least one current psychiatric disorder. Psychiatric disorders were more common in subjects whose dependence had started prior to the age of 35, or those who had a family history of substance use. Also, 34.4% had a lifetime history of at least one psychiatric disorder, with a higher incidence among those simultaneously dependent on other substances in addition to opioids. Major depression was the most prevalent disorder among the study subjects. CONCLUSION:Based on the findings of the present study, axis-I psychiatric disorders are rather common among elderly substance users, and approximately a third of this population have a lifetime history of at least one such disorder. The type of abused substance can affect the incidence of psychiatric disorders, and simultaneous use of non-opioids and other substances can increase their prevalence.


Arch Iran Med


Mortazavi SS,Shati M,Malakouti SK,Mohammad K




Has Abstract


2015-11-01 00:00:00














  • Effects of soy on metabolic biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in elderly women with metabolic syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study ascertained the effects of soy, in the forms of textured soy protein (TSP) and soy nuts, on lipid profiles, apolipoproteins, inflammatory and prothrombotic markers, and blood pressure in elderly women diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS:This was a 12-week parallel, randomized, contr...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bakhtiary A,Yassin Z,Hanachi P,Rahmat A,Ahmad Z,Jalali F

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Coronary CT Angiography and Dual-Energy Computed Tomography in Ischemic Heart Disease Suspected Patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Advanced computed tomography (CT) scanners enable concurrent assessment of coronary artery anatomy and myocardial perfusion. The purpose of this study was to assess dual-energy CT images in a group of patients suspected for ischemic heart disease and to evaluate agreement of cardiac computed tomography perfu...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohammadzadeh A,Farzaneh M,Zahedmehr A,Kiani R,Shakiba M,Borhani A,Rouzitalab M,Ahmadi S,Mohammadzadeh M

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • A history of leprosy in Iran during the 19th and 20th centuries.

    abstract::From ancient time leprosy has been regarded as a terrifying, stigmatized disease; nevertheless, its cause remained unidentified up to the late 19th century. For centuries numerous leprosy victims worldwide suffered from its morbidity and were socially isolated. The afflicted individuals were segregated because they we...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Azizi MH,Bahadori M

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Screening for Lynch Syndrome in Cases with Colorectal Carcinoma from Mashhad.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Lynch Syndrome (LS) is a genetically inherited autosomal disorder that increases the risk of many types of cancer, especially colorectal cancer (CRC). Identifying these subjects improves morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the prevalence of LS with both clinical criteria and universal strategy in M...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Goshayeshi L,Khooiee A,Ghaffarzadegan K,Rahmani Khorram M,Bishehsari F,Hoseini B,Akhavan Rezayat K,Esmaeilzadeh A,Mosannen Mozaffari H,Ghanayee O,Lari S,Bahari A,Allahyari A,Bari A,Ganji A,Goshayeshi L,Rajabzadeh F,Esma

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Tryptophan Degradation and Antioxidant Status in Patients With Thyroid Disorders.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to evaluate the degradation of tryptophan (Trp), neopterin production and antioxidant capacity in patients with benign and malignant thyroid disease. METHODS:For this reason, the levels of tryptophan, kynurenine (Kyn) and neopterin, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT)...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ünüvar S,Girgin G,Şahin TT,Kılıçarslan B,Taneri F,Yüksel O,Baydar T

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Diseases at the crossroads: chronic myelogenous leukemia and tuberculosis.

    abstract::Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and tuberculosis (TB) are diseases with effective available therapy. Treating patients who are afflicted simultaneously with both of these conditions is challenging due to significant drug interactions and the requirement of strict adherence to the multi-agent treatment regimen. Here...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatnagar V,Adelakun A,Kendall T,Holtzman N,Farshidpour M,Stevenson B,Chen Q,Emadi A

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Insight into the serum kisspeptin levels in infertile males.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Regulation of reproduction is now considered to be carried out by the kisspeptin and its receptor, GPR54 or Kiss1r. Mutations of either Kiss1 or Kiss1r in humans and mice result in profound hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. The present study was aimed to determine whether the levels of kisspeptin are associated...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramzan MH,Ramzan M,Ramzan F,Wahab F,Jelani M,Khan MA,Shah M

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia.

    abstract::Chronic ulcers of the oral mucosa are the lesions which a physician comes across frequently. "Eosinophilic Ulcer" is a rare variety of that. Eosinophilic ulcer or traumatic ulcerative granuloma with stromal eosinophilia (TUGSE) is a chronic benign lesion of the oral mucosa and is a relatively recent delineated entity....

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chandra S,Raju S,Sah K,Anand P

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Renal disorders in HIV-infected patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:HIV infection affects all body organs including kidney. Since the frequency of HIV-related renal disorders is unknown in Iran and the number of HIV-infected patients is increasing, this study was conducted for the first time in Iran to assess the frequency of electrolyte imbalance, renal failure, and protein...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Afhami S,Rasoulinejad M,Razeghi E,Shahriari S,Esmailpour N

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ethics in Pharmacy Curriculum for Undergraduate Pharmacy Students: A Needs Assessment Study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Recent advances in pharmacy practice have created serious ethical challenges for the pharmacists. Pursuing a new philosophy of practice is required to overcome these challenges and optimize the standard of care. In this regard, the current ethics guideline in the Pharmacy curriculum used in Tehran Universi...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salari P,Abdollahi M

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Importance of including refractive error tests in school children's vision screening.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study determined the importance of including tests for refractive errors in vision screening. METHODS:In this cross-sectional study, we performed a random cluster sampling of schoolchildren in the city of Dezful, Iran. After sampling and obtaining informed written consents from their parents, children ...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fotouhi A,KhabazKhoob M,Hashemi H,Yekta AA,Mohammad K

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • A case-control study on potato consumption and risk of stroke in central Iran.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:  BACKGROUND:Potato, a high- glycemic index (GI) food, is one of the most widely used starchy foods worldwide. Previous studies on the association of dietary intakes with stroke have mostly focused on the dietary GI and there is no information regarding the association between potato consumption and risk of...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khosravi-Boroujeni H,Saadatnia M,Shakeri F,Keshteli AH,Esmaillzadeh A

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro assessment of platelet lesions during 5-day storage in Iranian Blood Transfusion Organization (IBTO) centers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Platelet concentrates (PC) are used in thrombocytopenia and inherited or acquired platelet dysfunction disorders. Thus, retaining the platelets quality and function during storage will lead to desirable outcomes in treatment of such patients.  METHODS: In this study, we evaluated 40 PC bags, ...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghezelbash B,Amini Kafiabad S,Hojjati MT,Hamidpoor M,Vaeli S,Tabtabae MR,Gharehbaghian A

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • A Survey on Mental Health Status of Adult Population Aged 15 and above in the Province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Iran.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:This research aims to determine the mental health status of population aged 15 and over in the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari in 2015. METHODS:The statistical population of this cross-sectional field survey consisted of residents of urban and rural areas of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari in Iran. An est...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Noorbala AA,Bagheri Yazdi SA,Faghihzadeh S,Kamali K,Faghihzadeh E,Hajebi A,Akhondzadeh S,Shahmansouri N,Shakeri M

    更新日期:2017-11-01 00:00:00

  • Acute Cardiac Injury in COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been widespread since late December 2019, with several symptoms related to the upper and lower respiratory system. However, its cardiac manifestations are less frequently studied. We aimed to analyze the available COVID-19 data on acute cardiac injury, using troponin a...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Vakhshoori M,Heidarpour M,Shafie D,Taheri M,Rezaei N,Sarrafzadegan N

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of miR-182/miR-100 Ratio for Diagnosis and Survival Prediction in Bladder Cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays an important role in development of several cancer types, including bladder cancer (BCa). However, the relationship between the ratio of miR-181/miR-100 and the prognosis of BCa has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of m...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Z,Wu L,Lin Q,Shi J,Lin X,Shi L

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Health-related quality of life in patients with chemical warfare-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is well known that inhalation of chemical warfare, mostly sulfur mustard, causes injury of the respiratory system. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a common disease among these patients. Health-related quality of life is a common feature of studies in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The obj...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Attaran D,Khajedaloui M,Jafarzadeh R,Mazloomi M

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Monte Carlo Determination of Dosimetric Parameters of a New (125)I Brachytherapy Source According to AAPM TG-43 (U1) Protocol.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:(125)I is one of the important sources frequently used in brachytherapy. Up to now, several different commercial models of this source type have been introduced to the clinical radiation oncology applications. Recently, a new source model, IrSeed-125, has been added to this list. The aim of the present study...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baghani HR,Lohrabian V,Aghamiri MR,Robatjazi M

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Can Health be Related to Interpersonal Violence in Middle Eastern Countries?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Preventing violence is important especially in the Middle East, where many countries are struggling with violence. Knowing the affecting factors could help public policy makers to decrease violence level. Thus, this study is aimed to analyze health and other socio-economic factors that could affect interpers...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bayati M,Lotfi F,Keshavarz K,Delavari S,Delavari S

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Atomoxetine Efficacy in Methamphetamine Dependence during Methadone Maintenance Therapy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Co-occurring methamphetamine (METH) use during methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) is a highly prevalent and progressive problem in Iran. There are no registered pharmacological treatments for treating METH use disorder. The present study investigates the potential efficacy of atomoxetine in the treatment of...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Rabiey A,Hassani-Abharian P,Farhad M,Moravveji AR,Akasheh G,Banafshe HR

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Actinomycosis of the tongue.

    abstract::Actinomycotic infections are known to be associated with difficulties in making the diagnosis and treatment. Actinomycosis of the tongue is rare and of great importance, not only because it can mimic many other diseases, but also because the tongue itself has some histophysiologic features that make it resistant to in...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Habibi A,Salehinejad J,Saghafi S,Mellati E,Habibi M

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Value of Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A for Predicting Adverse Pregnancy Outcome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:It is suggested that pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels below the fifth percentile or less than 0.4 multiples of the median (MoMs) during the first trimester are closely associated with higher risk for neonatal abnormalities. We assessed the value of PAPP-A within the first trimester for p...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohamad Jafari R,Masihi S,Barati M,Maraghi E,Sheibani S,Sheikhvatan M

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Human rotavirus genotypes detection among hospitalized children, a study in Tehran, Iran.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Human rotavirus genotypes G1-G4, G9, P[4] and P[8] are major worldwide causes of acute gastroenteritis in children. Rotavirus genotype G1P[8] is predominant in many countries. In this study, the genotypic diversity of group A rotaviruses were detected in children <5 years of age who were treated for dehydrat...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Modaress S,Rahbarimanesh AA,Edalat R,Sohrabi A,Modarres S,Gomari H,Motamedirad M,Sayari AA

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Secular Trends of Global Burden of Violence, 1990-2015: In Spite of Successes, Women and Children Are Highly Affected in Low- and the Middle-Income Countries.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Violence is a challenging modern epidemic worldwide. Less evidence is available on the populations most affected by violence in recent decades. The aim of the study was to ecologically investigate temporal trends of the global burden of violence according to gender, age group, and socio-demographic developme...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salehi A,Molavi Vardanjani H

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Topography of gastritis and its severity in 864 first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Studies on gastric mucosal histological findings among first degree relatives (FDR) of gastric cancer (GC) patients are scarce. The aim is to evaluate the topography and the severity of gastritis among FDR of GC patients. DESIGN:A total of 989 subjects who were FDR of GC patients, ages 40-65 years underwent...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zendehdel N,Massarrat S,Sheykholeslami A,Rakhshani N,Saeidi S,Rafiee R,Nobakht H,Tabib SM,Saliminejhad M,Dooghaie Moghadam M,Nasiri J,Azimi K,Fakhar R,Babaei M,Didehvar R,Mohammadi N,Tavazoee M,Malekzadeh R

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Which information resources are used by general practitioners for updating knowledge regarding diabetes?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Little is known about the degree of utilization of information resources on diabetes by general practitioners (GPs) and its impact on their clinical behavior in developing countries. Such information is vital if GPs' diabetes knowledge is to be improved. METHODS:This cross-sectional study recruited 319 GPs ...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tabatabaei-Malazy O,Nedjat S,Majdzadeh R

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of Cognitive Disorders in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythromatosus; a Cross-sectional Study in Rasoul-e-Akram Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Neuropsychological manifestations are present in 60% of patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) among which cognitive dysfunction is the most common. This study aims to determine the prevalence of cognitive disorders in SLE patients, and the relationship between cognitive disorder domains and depres...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mahdavi Adeli A,Haghighi A,Malakouti SK

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Severe thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic diathesis due to brucellosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We aimed to examine cases of brucellosis that presented with severe thrombocytopenia and hemorrhagic diathesis. METHODS:A total of 10 brucellosis cases with severe thrombocytopenia were included in this case-series study. Patients' files were reviewed for their clinical and laboratory findings, as well as c...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karsen H,Duygu F,Yapıcı K,Baran Aİ,Taskıran H,Binici İ

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors of Multiple sclerosis and their Relation with Disease Severity: A Cross-sectional Study from Iran.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many risk factors have been investigated in multiple sclerosis (MS); however, few studies have focused on the association between risk factors and the disease severity. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between some of these risk factors and MS severity in a population sample of Iranian pa...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abbasi M,Nabavi SM,Fereshtehnejad SM,Ansari I,Zerafatjou N,Shayegannejad V,Mohammadianinejad SE,Farhoudi M,Noorian A,Razazian N,Abedini M,Faraji F

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Occult hepatitis B virus infection among Iranian blood donors: a preliminary study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although serological screening tests for blood-borne hepatitis viruses have effectively reduced the risk of HBV transmission through transfusion of infected blood, there is still a possibility that infected blood units from occult carriers being released into the blood supply. The aim of this study was to de...

    journal_title:Archives of Iranian medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alizadeh Z,Milani S,Sharifi Z

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00