Detection of high-risk groups and individuals for periodontal diseases.


:Though gingivitis has a prevalence of close to 100 per cent in many populations, most forms of the 'disease' are self-limiting and reversible: tooth support and function are not compromised so the public health importance of the condition is questionable. Periodontitis occurs in a number of different clinical forms which may have quite different aetiological factors and--perhaps more importantly--host predispositions. Collectively, however, these diseases result in only a minority (approximately 5-20 per cent) of most populations which have been adequately surveyed having destructive periodontitis of a 'clinically significant' degree, i.e. with pockets over 6 mm, attachment loss over 4 mm or teeth requiring extraction because of their periodontal condition alone. Indeed, current evidence shows the reasons for tooth loss, though complex, to be primarily related to caries and its sequelae (both infective and iatrogenic). Indeed, in populations without access to dental health care services most people keep most of their teeth for most of their lives. Destructive periodontitis, therefore, is not the public health problem it was until recently assumed to be. Nevertheless, a prevalence of 5-20 per cent constitutes an endemic disorder of very significant proportion. The ability to identify such individuals in advance would be a major breakthrough, as would methods for detecting the intraoral sites of those individuals susceptible to breakdown, or undergoing a phase of active and destructive periodontitis. The former may be approached by genetic and general health screening, plus measurement of immune status to relevant microbial virulence factors; the latter by microbiological, biochemical and immunological screening of oral fluids--notably gingival crevicular fluid samples on a site specific basis.


Int Dent J


Johnson NW


Has Abstract


1989-03-01 00:00:00












  • Using associations between oral diseases and oral health-related quality of life in a nationally representative sample to propose oral health goals for 12-year-old children in Thailand.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was carried out to assess the associations between oral diseases and specifically oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a nationally representative sample of 12-year-old children in Thailand in order to classify children according to their levels of risk for adverse OHRQoL and to apply f...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krisdapong S,Prasertsom P,Rattanarangsima K,Adulyanon S,Sheiham A

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • The physical properties of some alternative alloys.

    abstract::Over the past 30 years the 'traditional' gold alloy systems have been modified by reducing the percentage of gold and other noble metals to the point where the 'non-precious metal' alloys have no noble metal content. These include the nickel-based alloys, cobalt-based alloys and certain experimental alloys, all suitab...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson LN

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between oral tori and temporomandibular disorders.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to compare the presence of oral tori and parafunctional activity (clenching, grinding teeth and/or bruxism) between temporomandibular disorder (TMD) patients and control subjects. Fifty-nine TMD and 353 control subjects were included. The groups were similar in sex and age distribution. There ...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sirirungrojying S,Kerdpon D

    更新日期:1999-04-01 00:00:00

  • The ethnicity of dental practitioners in the United Kingdom.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the proportion of dental practitioners, currently practising in the UK, who are from different ethnic groups. METHOD:Analysis of data from the British Dental Association Omnibus Survey 2000. The sample comprised 970 qualified dentists in all fields of practice. FINDINGS:Dental practitioners from...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newton JT,Gibbons DE

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition in dental education: a European perspective.

    abstract::Previous studies have highlighted the diversity of levels of nutrition teaching in European Dental Schools, ranging from extensive courses in Scandinavia and the Netherlands to little or none in some other countries. A current survey has shown that whilst on average there has been a small increase in nutrition teachin...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beeley JA

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety and cortisol excretion correlate prior to dental treatment.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate the possible relationship between dental anxiety and cortisol excretion prior to dental treatment. Trait and state dental anxiety of male subjects were determined using the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and a visual analogue scale (VAS), respectively. Urine and stimulated parotid ...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brand HS

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • WHO pathfinder caries survey in Beijing extended with data for prevalence of mutans streptococci.

    abstract::A pathfinder caries survey was carried out in Beijing, People's Republic of China, using WHO standard methodologies, in order to estimate the trend by comparing the results with the 1981 caries survey, performed in the same area. Simultaneously, the levels of mutans streptococci in the group were estimated in order to...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shi Y,Barmes D,Bratthall D,Leclercq MH

    更新日期:1992-02-01 00:00:00

  • Patient evaluation.

    abstract::Failure to diagnose periodontal disease is a frequent and unnecessary error. A new periodontal screening examination has been proposed that will accurately detect periodontal disease in approximately five minutes and can be incorporated into a routine dental examination. Simplified treatment planning based on the find...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oliver RC

    更新日期:1977-06-02 00:00:00

  • The physiology and pathophysiology of ageing.

    abstract::Ageing is a physiological process which impairs vitality and ultimately leads to death. It is found in all differentiated multicellular organisms. Recent theories attribute ageing to an accumulation of errors as the capacity of mechanisms for their repair and compensation becomes limited. Erroneous processes leading t...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hofecker G

    更新日期:1983-09-01 00:00:00

  • Alveolar bone loss in bridge recipients after six and twelve years.

    abstract::For a long time the major emphasis in prosthetic dentistry was placed on the technical and mechanical aspects of the different procedures and material used. The relationship between the prosthetic treatment and the periodontal tissues received less attention. As a consequence early results of epidemiological studies w...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silness J,Gustavsen F

    更新日期:1985-12-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of the health condition between the 8020 achievers and the 8020 non-achievers.

    abstract:AIM:To review of the difference in the health condition between 8020 achievers and 8020 non-achievers covering 25 papers which were published mainly in Japan. BACKGROUND:A campaign targeting the elderly to retain at least 20 teeth by the time they reach the age of 80 years (8020) has been in place since 1991 in Japan....

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yamanaka K,Nakagaki H,Morita I,Suzaki H,Hashimoto M,Sakai T

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Empathy in dental care - the role of vicarious trauma.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In health care, empathy is associated with compassion, thoughtfulness, attentiveness and caring. While empathy is perceived as desirable and positive, it can potentially be associated with negative aspects, such as secondary traumatic stress or vicarious trauma (VT). VT addresses the secondary vicarious infl...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uziel N,Meyerson J,Giryes R,Eli I

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Oral rehydration therapy products - a plaque pH study under normal and dry mouth conditions.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to investigate oral rehydration therapy (ORT) products and their effect on plaque pH under normal and dry mouth conditions. DESIGN:Three commercial oral rehydration therapy products, prepared according to the manufacturers' instruction, plus a 10% glucose solution, which served as control...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salehi S,Daneshian M,Forsberg BC,Birkhed D

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • A cross-cultural comparison of dental health attitudes and behaviour among freshman dental students in Japan, Hong Kong and West China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To clarify the differences in dental health attitudes/behaviour among freshman dental students. DESIGN:Cross-cultural differences. SETTING:Japan, Hong Kong and West China. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS:The original version of the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) was written in Japanese...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kawamura M,Yip HK,Hu DY,Komabayashi T

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Role of saliva in oral dryness, oral feel and oral malodour.

    abstract::Patients who believe they have oral malodour often have a dry mouth condition instead. Here we have examined its relation to oral malodour, real or perceived. A direct relationship between the thickness of the film of residual saliva on mucosal surfaces throughout the mouth and perception of a dry mouth was observed. ...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kleinberg I,Wolff MS,Codipilly DM

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in caries and periodontal health epidemiology in Europe.

    abstract::The overall picture for caries and periodontal disease in Europe has improved over the last years. A very marked decline in caries prevalence was seen in children and adolescents. According to the DMF-figures the caries prevalence in adults and seniors has not declined as rapidly. Yet also in this age group there is i...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reich E

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Periodontal conditions and treatment needs, by CPITN, in the 35-44 and 65-74 year-old population in Santiago, Chile.

    abstract::A CPITN survey involving Chileans aged 35-44 and 65-74 was conducted. A random, stratified sample by age, gender, socio-economic status and educational level was obtained, comprising 1150 individuals. Prevalence of chronic inflammatory periodontal disease (Codes 3 + 4) was 90.89 per cent in subjects aged 35-44, and 10...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gamonal JA,Lopez NJ,Aranda W

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Dentistry as a possible route of hepatitis C transmission in Pakistan.

    abstract:AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:To identify the role of dental surgical procedures in contributing to the transmission of hepatitis C. DESIGN:Prospective observational pilot study. SETTING:Shaikh Zayed Federal Postgraduate Medical Institute Lahore, Pakistan. METHODS:Exposure to dental procedures, injections, tattooing, surgical...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butt AK,Khan AA,Khan SY,Sharea I

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Surveillance and monitoring of oral health in elderly people.

    abstract::Continued ageing of the global population is expected to pose significant challenges to maintaining optimum lifelong health in individuals and populations. Oral health is an essential element of general health and quality of life throughout an individual's life course, yet it is often neglected in integrated approache...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyazaki H,Jones JA,Beltrán-Aguilar ED

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Disturbances caused by dental materials in magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract::Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is the latest addition to medical imaging technology. This technique plays an important role in head and neck diagnosis. Radiologists may encounter patients with fixed dental prostheses that may produce image distortion on MRI scans of the face. The MRI appearances of dental prosthetic...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lissac M,Coudert JL,Briguet A,Amiel M

    更新日期:1992-08-01 00:00:00

  • Strategies to manage permanent non-vital teeth with open apices: a clinical update.

    abstract::If dental pulp injury occurs prior to complete root formation and apical closure, normal root development is halted. This condition produces several complications. Firstly, the apical diameter of the canal is often larger than the coronal diameter, so debridement is difficult. Secondly, the lack of an apical stop make...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mohammadi Z

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Development and harmonisation of the norms and parameters in biological testing protocols designed for root canal sealing materials within the European Community.

    abstract::The EC has mounted the BIOMED 1 as a specific programme to facilitate cooperative research programmes in identified areas of interest throughout Europe. They have recently announced support under this programme for a joint initiative designed to evaluate in vitro and in vivo methods of biological testing of root canal...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watts A,Paterson RC

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in oral health knowledge and behaviour 1987-95 among inhabitants of Wuhan City, PR China.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of oral health knowledge and behaviour among Wuhan citizens after six years of 'Love Teeth Day' campaigns. Representative samples of citizens aged 10-62 years were identified and interviewed in 1987 (n = 1180) and in 1995 (n = 1014). Data on oral health knowledge a...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peng B,Petersen PE,Tai BJ,Yuan BY,Fan MW

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of child formula toothpastes on enamel caries using two in vitro pH-cycling models.

    abstract:AIMS/OBJECTIVES:To compare, using two pH-cycling models, the de/remineralisation effects of children's toothpastes on primary teeth. DESIGN:In vitro single-section and pH-cycling models. METHODS:Primary teeth were placed in demineralising solution for 96 hours to produce artificial carious lesions 60-100 microm deep....

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thaveesangpanich P,Itthagarun A,King NM,Wefel JS

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Long term results with intraosseous implants: a questionnaire-based assessment.

    abstract::The results of an FDI questionnaire-based survey involving dentists from five countries reporting on 507 implants were compared with those of similar surveys on implantations conducted by the American Dental Association in 1977 and subsequent years. There were questions on retention time, materials used and types of i...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hahn W

    更新日期:1983-12-01 00:00:00

  • Conservative treatment of occlusal dysfunctions.

    abstract::The paper discusses 20 years of experience with a physiotherapeutic programme that can be used in the initial therapy of myoarthropathies of the temporomandibular joint of both psychosomatic and artificial occlusal origin. The principle is to re-train the masticatory musculature, which has become incoordinated as a re...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schulte W

    更新日期:1988-03-01 00:00:00

  • Association between chronic periodontitis and oral health-related quality of life in Sri Lankan adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the impact of chronic periodontitis on oral health-related quality of life in Sri Lankan adults. METHODS:A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,400 participants, 35-60 years of age, residing in the Colombo district of Sri Lanka. Data were collected using two interviewer-administered quest...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wellapuli N,Ekanayake L

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Odontogenic infections and descending necrotising mediastinitis: case report and review of the literature.

    abstract::Descending necrotising mediastinitis is a rare complication secondary to oral surgery or odontogenic infections which ultimately spreads to the mediastinum through the anatomical cervical spaces. Delay in diagnosis, despite broad-spectrum antimicrobical therapy and extensive surgical intervention, results in an unacce...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Biasotto M,Pellis T,Cadenaro M,Bevilacqua L,Berlot G,Di Lenarda R

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • No-fault-compensation, patient guarantee, peer review committees: the Swedish experience.

    abstract::Complaints from patients about dental treatment are on the increase internationally and especially in the USA. The Swedish system for dealing with patients' complaints embraces four different pathways which are described in this paper. One of those is a no-fault-compensation system, which is wholly separate from a pro...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sjöström O

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00

  • A randomised clinical trial to assess maintenance of gingival health by a novel dentifrice containing 0.1%w/w o-cymen-5-ol and 0.6%w/w zinc chloride.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the ability of 0.1%w/w o-cymen-5-ol/ 0.6%w/w zinc chloride dentifrice to maintain gingival health compared to a sodium fluoride control dentifrice. DESIGN:Following a baseline examination, subjects went through a regimen to bring them to a high level of gingival health. This included a professiona...

    journal_title:International dental journal

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kakar A,Newby EE,Kakar K,Ghosh S,Targett D,Bosma ML

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00