Touch therapies for pain relief in adults.


BACKGROUND:Pain is a global public health problem affecting the lives of large numbers of patients and their families. Touch therapies (Healing Touch (HT), Therapeutic Touch (TT) and Reiki) have been found to relieve pain, but some reviews have suggested there is insufficient evidence to support their use. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effectiveness of touch therapies (including HT, TT, and Reiki) on relieving both acute and chronic pain; to determine any adverse effect of touch therapies. SEARCH STRATEGY:Various electronic databases, including The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED and others from their inception to June 2008 were searched. Reference lists and bibliographies of relevant articles and organizations were checked. Experts in touch therapies were contacted. SELECTION CRITERIA:Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) or Controlled Clinical Trials (CCTs) evaluating the effect of touch on any type of pain were included. Similarly, only studies using a sham placebo or a 'no treatment' control was included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:Data was extracted and quality assessment was conducted by two independent review authors. The mean pain intensity for completing all treatment sessions was extracted. Pain intensity from different pain measurement scales were standardized into a single scale. Comparisons between the effects of treatment groups and that of control groups were made. MAIN RESULTS:Twenty four studies involving 1153 participants met the inclusion criteria. There were five, sixteen and three studies on HT, TT and Reiki respectively. Participants exposed to touch had on average of 0.83 units (on a 0 to ten scale) lower pain intensity than unexposed participants (95% Confidence Interval: -1.16 to -0.50). Results of trials conducted by more experienced practitioners appeared to yield greater effects in pain reduction. It is also apparent that these trials yielding greater effects were from the Reiki studies. Whether more experienced practitioners or certain types of touch therapy brought better pain reduction should be further investigated. Two of the five studies evaluating analgesic usage supported the claim that touch therapies minimized analgesic usage. The placebo effect was also explored. No statistically significant (P = 0.29) placebo effect was identified. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:Touch therapies may have a modest effect in pain relief. More studies on HT and Reiki in relieving pain are needed. More studies including children are also required to evaluate the effect of touch on children.


So PS,Jiang Y,Qin Y




Has Abstract


2008-10-08 00:00:00








  • Dietary advice with or without oral nutritional supplements for disease-related malnutrition in adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Disease-related malnutrition has been reported in 10% to 55% of people in hospital and the community. Dietary advice encouraging the use of energy- and nutrient-rich foods rather than oral nutritional supplements has been suggested as the initial approach for managing disease-related malnutrition. OBJECTIVE...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baldwin C,Weekes CE

    更新日期:2011-09-07 00:00:00

  • Intravenous or enteral loop diuretics for preterm infants with (or developing) chronic lung disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lung disease in preterm infants is often complicated with lung edema. OBJECTIVES:The aim of this review was to assess the risks and benefits of administration of a diuretic acting on the loop of Henle (loop diuretic) in preterm infants with or developing chronic lung disease (CLD). Primary objectives were t...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brion LP,Primhak RA

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs versus corticosteroids for controlling inflammation after uncomplicated cataract surgery.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cataract is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Cataract surgery is commonly performed but can result in postoperative inflammation of the eye. Inadequately controlled inflammation increases the risk of complications. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids are used to prevent ...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Juthani VV,Clearfield E,Chuck RS

    更新日期:2017-07-03 00:00:00

  • Phonics training for English-speaking poor readers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Around 5% of English speakers have a significant problem with learning to read words. Poor word readers are often trained to use letter-sound rules to improve their reading skills. This training is commonly called phonics. Well over 100 studies have administered some form of phonics training to poor word rea...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: McArthur G,Eve PM,Jones K,Banales E,Kohnen S,Anandakumar T,Larsen L,Marinus E,Wang HC,Castles A

    更新日期:2012-12-12 00:00:00

  • Vaccines for women to prevent neonatal tetanus.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tetanus is an acute, often fatal, disease caused by an exotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani. It occurs in newborn infants born to mothers who do not have sufficient circulating antibodies to protect the infant passively, by transplacental transfer. Prevention may be possible by the vaccination of pregnant...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Demicheli V,Barale A,Rivetti A

    更新日期:2013-05-31 00:00:00

  • Single-incision sling operations for urinary incontinence in women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Urinary incontinence has been shown to affect up to 50% of women. Studies in the USA have shown that up to 80% of these women have an element of stress urinary incontinence. This imposes significant health and economic burden on society and the women affected. Colposuspension and now mid-urethral slings have...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Nambiar A,Cody JD,Jeffery ST,Aluko P

    更新日期:2017-07-26 00:00:00

  • Sequential inactivated (IPV) and live oral (OPV) poliovirus vaccines for preventing poliomyelitis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Poliomyelitis mainly affects unvaccinated children under five years of age, causing irreversible paralysis or even death. The oral polio vaccine (OPV) contains live attenuated virus, which can, in rare cases, cause a paralysis known as vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP), and also vaccine-derived polio...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Ciapponi A,Bardach A,Rey Ares L,Glujovsky D,Cafferata ML,Cesaroni S,Bhatti A

    更新日期:2019-12-05 00:00:00

  • Botulinum toxin for myofascial pain syndromes in adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is a regional muscular pain syndrome characterised by the presence of trigger points, which are painful points in one or more muscles. The pain can be felt at the site where the trigger point is located or it can be felt away from that place when the muscle is pressed (referred...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Soares A,Andriolo RB,Atallah AN,da Silva EM

    更新日期:2012-04-18 00:00:00

  • Prophylactic drug management for febrile seizures in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Febrile seizures occurring in a child older than one month during an episode of fever affect 2% to 4% of children in Great Britain and the United States and recur in 30%. Rapid-acting antiepileptics and antipyretics given during subsequent fever episodes have been used to avoid the adverse effects of continu...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Offringa M,Newton R,Cozijnsen MA,Nevitt SJ

    更新日期:2017-02-22 00:00:00

  • Combined oral contraceptive pills for treatment of acne.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acne is a common skin disorder among women. Although no uniform approach to the management of acne exists, combination oral contraceptives (COCs), which contain an estrogen and a progestin, often are prescribed for women. OBJECTIVES:To determine the effectiveness of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) for t...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Arowojolu AO,Gallo MF,Lopez LM,Grimes DA

    更新日期:2012-07-11 00:00:00

  • Oral or topical nasal steroids for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Otitis media with effusion (OME) is common and may cause hearing loss with associated developmental delay. Treatment remains controversial. OBJECTIVES:To examine evidence for or against treating children with hearing loss associated with OME with systemic or topical intranasal steroids. SEARCH STRATEGY:We ...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Thomas CL,Simpson S,Butler CC,van der Voort JH

    更新日期:2006-07-19 00:00:00

  • WITHDRAWN: Follicle-stimulating hormone and human menopausal gonadotropin for ovarian stimulation in assisted reproduction cycles.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Both human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) and human follicle stimulating hormone (hFSH) have been used successfully for ovarian stimulation, but the relative importance of FSH and luteinizing hormone (LH) in follicular growth and maturation has been the subject of much debate. OBJECTIVES:To conduct a systema...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Daya S

    更新日期:1996-04-22 00:00:00

  • WITHDRAWN: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for preventing heterotopic bone formation after hip arthroplasty.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Heterotopic bone formation (HBF) in the soft tissues surrounding the hip joint is a frequent complication of hip surgery. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) administered in the immediate perioperative period reduce the risk of HBF. However, the magnitude of the effect on HBF, and the effects on o...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fransen M,Neal B

    更新日期:2013-03-28 00:00:00

  • Growth hormone therapy for people with thalassaemia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Thalassaemia is a recessively-inherited blood disorder that leads to anaemia of varying severity. In those affected by the more severe forms, regular blood transfusions are required which may lead to iron overload. Accumulated iron from blood transfusions may be deposited in vital organs including the heart,...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ngim CF,Lai NM,Hong JY,Tan SL,Ramadas A,Muthukumarasamy P,Thong MK

    更新日期:2017-09-18 00:00:00

  • Inhaled sodium cromoglycate for asthma in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Sodium cromoglycate has been recommended as maintenance treatment for childhood asthma for many years. Its use has decreased since 1990, when inhaled corticosteroids became popular, but it is still used in many countries. OBJECTIVES:To determine the efficacy of sodium cromoglycate compared to placebo in the...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: van der Wouden JC,Uijen JH,Bernsen RM,Tasche MJ,de Jongste JC,Ducharme F

    更新日期:2008-10-08 00:00:00

  • Acupuncture-point stimulation for chemotherapy-induced nausea or vomiting.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There have been recent advances in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting using 5-HT(3) inhibitors and dexamethasone. However, many still experience these symptoms, and expert panels encourage additional methods to reduce these symptoms. OBJECTIVES:The objective was to assess the effectiveness of acupunct...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Ezzo JM,Richardson MA,Vickers A,Allen C,Dibble SL,Issell BF,Lao L,Pearl M,Ramirez G,Roscoe J,Shen J,Shivnan JC,Streitberger K,Treish I,Zhang G

    更新日期:2006-04-19 00:00:00

  • Prosthetic rehabilitation for older dysvascular people following a unilateral transfemoral amputation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Dysvascularity accounts for 75% of all lower limb amputations in the UK. Around 37% of these procedures are done at the transfemoral level (mid-thigh), with most patients over the age of 60 and having existing comorbidities. A significant number of these amputees are prescribed a lower limb prosthesis for wa...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barr S,Howe TE

    更新日期:2018-10-23 00:00:00

  • Interleukin-1 inhibitors for acute gout.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acute gout flares cause significant pain and disability and it is important to provide quick and effective pain relief. Traditional options for managing acute flares include colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and glucocorticoids. OBJECTIVES:To assess the benefits and harms of interle...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Sivera F,Wechalekar MD,Andrés M,Buchbinder R,Carmona L

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Amniotic fluid index versus single deepest vertical pocket as a screening test for preventing adverse pregnancy outcome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Amniotic fluid volume is an important parameter in the assessment of fetal well-being. Oligohydramnios occurs in many high-risk conditions and is associated with poor perinatal outcomes. Many caregivers practice planned delivery by induction of labor or caesarean section after diagnosis of decreased amniotic...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Nabhan AF,Abdelmoula YA

    更新日期:2008-07-16 00:00:00

  • Intermittent pneumatic compression for treating venous leg ulcers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC) is a mechanical method of delivering compression to swollen limbs that can be used to treat venous leg ulcers and limb swelling due to lymphoedema. OBJECTIVES:To determine whether IPC increases the healing of venous leg ulcers. To determine the effects of IPC on heal...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Nelson EA,Hillman A,Thomas K

    更新日期:2014-05-12 00:00:00

  • Intravenous in-line filters for preventing morbidity and mortality in neonates.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Venous access is an essential part of caring for the sick neonate. However, problems such as contamination of fluids with bacteria, endotoxins and particulates have been associated with intravenous infusion therapy. Intravenous in-line filters claim to be an effective strategy for the removal of bacteria, en...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Foster JP,Richards R,Showell MG,Jones LJ

    更新日期:2015-08-06 00:00:00

  • Interventions for preventing and treating incontinence-associated dermatitis in adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) is one of the most common skin problems in adults who are incontinent for urine, stool, or both. In practice, products and procedures are the same for both prevention and treatment of IAD. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this review was to assess the effectiveness of var...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Beeckman D,Van Damme N,Schoonhoven L,Van Lancker A,Kottner J,Beele H,Gray M,Woodward S,Fader M,Van den Bussche K,Van Hecke A,De Meyer D,Verhaeghe S

    更新日期:2016-11-10 00:00:00

  • Treatment for Buruli ulcer: the long and winding road to antimicrobials-first.

    abstract:: ...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 评论,社论


    authors: Omansen TF,Stienstra Y,van der Werf TS

    更新日期:2018-12-17 00:00:00

  • WITHDRAWN: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture-like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for chronic low back pain.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In view of the claims and counter-claims of the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, it would seem appropriate to systematically review the literature. OBJECTIVES:To determine the effectiveness of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in reducing pain and improving range of mo...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gadsby JG,Flowerdew MW

    更新日期:2007-07-18 00:00:00

  • Voxel-based morphometry for separation of schizophrenia from other types of psychosis in first episode psychosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder which involves distortions in thought and perception, blunted affect, and behavioural disturbances. The longer psychosis goes unnoticed and untreated, the more severe the repercussions for relapse and recovery. There is some evidence that early intervention services ca...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Palaniyappan L,Maayan N,Bergman H,Davenport C,Adams CE,Soares-Weiser K

    更新日期:2015-08-07 00:00:00

  • Dornase alfa for cystic fibrosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Dornase alfa is currently used as a mucolytic to treat pulmonary disease (the major cause of morbidity and mortality) in cystic fibrosis. It reduces mucus viscosity in the lungs, promoting improved clearance of secretions. This is an update of a previously published review. OBJECTIVES:To determine whether t...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Yang C,Montgomery M

    更新日期:2018-09-06 00:00:00

  • Absorbable staples for uterine incision at caesarean section.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Staples can be placed during the making of an incision, with the aim of decreasing blood loss from the cut edges. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this review was to assess the effects of using a stapler with absorbable staples to extend the uterine incision at lower segment caesarean section. SEARCH STRATEGY:W...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wilkinson C,Enkin MW

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Automated monitoring compared to standard care for the early detection of sepsis in critically ill patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Sepsis is a life-threatening condition that is usually diagnosed when a patient has a suspected or documented infection, and meets two or more criteria for systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). The incidence of sepsis is higher among people admitted to critical care settings such as the intensive c...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Warttig S,Alderson P,Evans DJ,Lewis SR,Kourbeti IS,Smith AF

    更新日期:2018-06-25 00:00:00

  • Low bacterial diet versus control diet to prevent infection in cancer patients treated with chemotherapy causing episodes of neutropenia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Neutropenia is a potentially serious side effect of chemotherapy and a major risk factor for infection, which can be life-threatening. It has been hypothesised that a low bacterial diet (LBD) can prevent infection and (infection-related) mortality in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy that causes episode...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: van Dalen EC,Mank A,Leclercq E,Mulder RL,Davies M,Kersten MJ,van de Wetering MD

    更新日期:2016-04-24 00:00:00

  • Enteral antibiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis in low birthweight or preterm infants.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Necrotizing enterocolitis continues to be a problem, particularly in preterm neonates. There have been reports published suggesting that the use of enteral antibiotics may be effective as prophylaxis. This systematic review was undertaken to clarify the issue. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the benefits and harms o...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bury RG,Tudehope D

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00