Dose-response to a jelly preparation of calcium polystyrene sulfonate in patients with hyperkalemia--changes in serum potassium levels with or without a RAAS inhibitor.

Abstract:

AIMS:In this study, dose-response of the serum potassium-lowering effect of a calcium polystyrene sulfonate (PS) preparation was investigated. Changes in the serum potassium level were also examined with or without application of a RAAS inhibitor, which is said to increase the serum potassium level. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:23 patients diagnosed to have hyperkalemia associated with chronic renal failure were enrolled in this study. The study drug, a PS-Ca jelly preparation (Argamate jelly), was started at a daily dose of 1 preparation (5 g as PS-Ca), and the dose was increased by 1 preparation every month to finally reach 3 preparations per day. Blood samples were collected once a month and serum levels of creatinine and electrolytes were measured. RESULTS:PS-Ca jelly decreased serum potassium levels in a dose-dependent manner. Decreases were 0.67 mEq/l at 5 g of PS-Ca/day, 1.06 mEq/l at 10 g/d, and 1.33 mEq/l at 15 g/d. Irrespective of the use of the RAAS inhibitor, serum potassium levels decreased significantly in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, no major change in serum creatinine levels occurred in subjects in which the RAAS inhibitor was used, although in subjects in which the RAAS inhibitor was not used, serum creatinine level tended to gradually increase. CONCLUSION:Serum potassium levels were reduced in a dose-dependent manner by administration of 5-15 g/d of PS-Ca, and it appeared that together with control of serum potassium levels, renal function should be maintained by continuous administration of RAAS inhibitor.

journal_name

Clin Nephrol

journal_title

Clinical nephrology

authors

Tomino Y,Yamazaki T,Shou I,Tsuge T,Satake K,Takeda Y,Ohtani A,Nishitani T,Kurusu A,Hamada C,Horikoshi S,Maeda K,Tanaka Y,Fukuda H,Wakabayashi M,Seto T

doi

10.5414/cnp68379

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2007-12-01 00:00:00

pages

379-85

issue

6

eissn

0301-0430

journal_volume

68

pub_type

杂志文章