Parental smoking: asthma and wheezing illnesses in infants and children.


:Parental smoking has an important impact on asthma and wheezing illnesses in infants and children. In utero exposure is associated with impaired lung growth and wheezing illnesses, particularly in preschool children. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is associated with increased wheezing illnesses and increased symptoms in asthmatics. There are no consistent data to confirm an effect of in utero or postnatal cigarette smoke exposure on the prevalence of asthma but there is evidence of increased severity of symptoms. The detrimental effects of parental smoking on lung growth will have an impact on respiratory health throughout life.


Paediatr Respir Rev


Landau LI





Has Abstract


2001-09-01 00:00:00














  • Immune and inflammatory response in bronchiolitis due to respiratory Syncytial Virus and Rhinovirus infections in infants.

    abstract::Bronchiolitis is a common disease in infancy, mostly due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Rhinovirus. In addition to acute infection, viral bronchiolitis is responsible for sequelae including recurrent wheezing and asthma. The analysis of the viral characteristics and of the pathogenesis of the infection shows diffe...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vandini S,Calamelli E,Faldella G,Lanari M

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic review of studies examining the rate of lung function decline in patients with cystic fibrosis.

    abstract::A systematic review was performed (i) to describe the reported overall rate of progression of CF lung disease quantified as FEV1%predicted decline with age, (ii) to summarise identified influencing risk factors and (iii) to review methods used to analyse CF lung disease progression data. A search of publications provi...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Harun SN,Wainwright C,Klein K,Hennig S

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Surgical management of oesophageal atresia.

    abstract::There have been major advances in the surgery for oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheo-oesophageal fistula(TOF) with survival now exceeding 90%. The standard open approach to OA and distal TOF has been well described and essentially unchanged for the last 60 years. Improved survival in recent decades is most attributa...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Teague WJ,Karpelowsky J

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial issues in newborn screening for cystic fibrosis.

    abstract::Newborn screening for cystic fibrosis remains controversial because there is still little agreement that prophylactic interventions provide substantial long-term benefits. In such situations, where there are some medical benefits and the costs are not prohibitive, it is important to consider the psychosocial implicati...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Parsons EP,Bradley DM

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Real-world respiratory and bulbar comorbidities of SMA type 1 children treated with nusinersen: 2-Year single centre Australian experience.

    abstract:AIM:To describe the respiratory and nutritional supportive care and hospitalisations required in the real-world scenario in children with SMA type 1 treated with nusinersen. METHODS:Single-centre observational cohort study of children with SMA1 commencing nusinersen from November 2016 to September 2018. Motor, respira...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Chen KA,Widger J,Teng A,Fitzgerald DA,D'Silva A,Farrar M

    更新日期:2020-09-22 00:00:00

  • Cystic fibrosis: Diagnosis and management - NICE guideline 78.

    abstract::NICE produced a guideline for the diagnosis and management of CF (NG78) in October 2017. This paper describes the process of producing the guideline and highlights some of the areas covered by it, including ideas for further research and tools that can be used by purchasers to help improve CF care. ...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Walshaw MJ

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Weight loss in obese children with asthma - is it important?

    abstract::Obesity is a significant public health problem worldwide, and it has been identified as an independent risk factor for asthma in both adults and children. Not only does obesity increase asthma risk, but it is also associated with decreased asthma-related quality of life, worsened symptoms and asthma control, increased...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McLoughlin RF,Berthon BS,Wood LG

    更新日期:2020-03-06 00:00:00

  • Regulation of bacterial trafficking in the nasopharynx.

    abstract::Bacterial 'colonisation' of the nasopharynx by potential bacterial pathogens is frequent in early childhood and is frequent as part of a dynamic process in which the microbiota of the oral and nasopharynx are established. New understanding recognizes this process is evolving and that competition and likely regulation ...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pelton SI

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Vocal cord dysfunction in children.

    abstract::Vocal cord dysfunction is characterised by paradoxical vocal cord adduction that occurs during inspiration, resulting in symptoms of dyspnoea, wheeze, chest or throat tightness and cough. Although the condition is well described in children and adults, confusion with asthma often triggers the use of an aggressive trea...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Noyes BE,Kemp JS

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Telemedicine is the way forward for the management of cystic fibrosis- the case against.

    abstract::It is reasonable to suggest that Telemedicine could help in the management of chronic diseases by giving patients more flexibility to remain at home with opportunities to forward electronic data to healthcare professionals, reduce hospital emergency attendances and reduce overall costs. The reality, particularly in cy...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lenney W

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The pharmacologic approach to airway clearance: mucoactive agents.

    abstract::The term "mucoactive agent" refers to any medication used to improve the clearance of airway secretions. It is not synonymous with the word "mucolytic" as this strictly means a drug that decreases the viscosity of secretions. In many cases, decreased viscosity will adversely affect cough transport. For this reason man...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rubin BK

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric donation after circulatory determination of death (pDCD): A narrative review.

    abstract::Pediatric donation after circulatory death (pDCD) is an established pathway for organ donation. It remains, however, a relatively rare event worldwide, and most clinicians outside of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are unfamiliar with it. The goal of this review is to introduce the processes and concepts of p...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Weiss MJ,Sherry W,Hornby L

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiac abnormalities and sudden infant death syndrome.

    abstract::Many factors have been implicated in SIDS cases including environmental influences such as sleeping arrangements and smoking. Most recently, cardiac abnormalities have been hypothesised to play a role in some cases, particularly the primary genetic arrhythmogenic disorders such as familial long QT syndrome (LQTS). Bot...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sweeting J,Semsarian C

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • The measurement of airways resistance using the interrupter technique (Rint).

    abstract::The interrupter technique (Rint) is a quick, easy and effort-independent way to obtain indirect measurements of airways resistance in the preschool child. Results may be obtained using a portable Rint machine or a whole-body plethysmograph. Normative data are available and recent studies have improved standardisation ...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Child F

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary complications of endocrine and metabolic disorders.

    abstract::There are many important respiratory manifestations of endocrine and metabolic diseases in children. Acute and chronic pulmonary infections are the most common respiratory abnormalities in patients with diabetes mellitus, although cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary oedema are also possible. Pseudohypoaldosteron...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Milla CE,Zirbes J

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Newer treatment modalities for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea.

    abstract::The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is common and its prevalence is expected to increase with the current obesity epidemic. If left untreated, it is associated with important morbidity such as growth failure, neurocognitive impairment, systemic and pulmonary hypertension, and endothelial dysfunction. Recent research ...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tapia IE,Marcus CL

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Interpretation of the paediatric chest X-ray.

    abstract::Interpretation of the paediatric chest X-ray may appear intimidating at first but knowledge of a few basic rules and an understanding of how the radiographic appearance may be influenced by age and technique will help the clinician arrive at the correct diagnosis in many cases. A structured and logical approach to X-r...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Arthur R

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Urban air pollution and respiratory infections.

    abstract::Public awareness of the impact of air quality on health is increasing worldwide. Indoor and outdoor air pollutants impair children's growing lungs, and increase the risk of respiratory infections. In many cities, children face indoor air pollution from fuels used for cooking and heating, as well as outdoor pollution f...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brugha R,Grigg J

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Exercise and physical activity in children with cystic fibrosis.

    abstract::Regular exercise and habitual physical activity are important for patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Research has demonstrated the benefits of aerobic, anaerobic, and strength exercise training programs for health and quality of life, however, the CF patient is faced with unique barriers and challenges to participati...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wilkes DL,Schneiderman JE,Nguyen T,Heale L,Moola F,Ratjen F,Coates AL,Wells GD

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Fertility issues in cystic fibrosis.

    abstract::With increasing survival in cystic fibrosis (CF) there is an increasing need to deal with the desires of CF patients to become parents. In the context of 98% male infertility in CF, new techniques offer the prospect of successful parenthood. For females, successful pregnancy is possible but careful planning is require...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lyon A,Bilton D

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Chest wall abnormalities and their clinical significance in childhood.

    abstract::The thorax consists of the rib cage and the respiratory muscles. It houses and protects the various intrathoracic organs such as the lungs, heart, vessels, esophagus, nerves etc. It also serves as the so-called "respiratory pump" that generates the movement of air into the lungs while it prevents their total collapse ...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Koumbourlis AC

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • The burden of asthma in children: an Australian perspective.

    abstract::The burden of asthma among children is high in Australia compared with many other countries. Recent data show that 14-16% of children report a diagnosis of asthma that remains a problem. Boys, children under the age of 5 years and urban indigenous children experience a greater burden of asthma than other children. Mor...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Poulos LM,Toelle BG,Marks GB

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Stem cells of the respiratory tract.

    abstract::Childhood respiratory diseases are accompanied by various forms of epithelial repair and remodelling. Respiratory stem cells are likely to be of great importance in these processes but their identification remains uncertain. By contrast, an enormous effort has been made to identify specific markers of stem cells of ot...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Emura M

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital upper airway obstruction.

    abstract::Most causes of upper airway obstruction are rare in the neonatal period and during infancy. They may, however, cause major respiratory problems either initially or during the first few weeks of life. It is important to recognise these problems at an early stage so that appropriate measures to overcome airway obstructi...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dinwiddie R

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Tracheostomy care in the home.

    abstract::There are hardly any controlled studies in paediatric tracheostomy care; instead, most established standards, procedures and details have been elaborated at the bedside by trial and error. Once the appropriate tube is chosen, tube care consists of tube change, fixation, management of secretions, humidification of insp...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Oberwaldner B,Eber E

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Investigating sudden unexpected death in infancy and early childhood.

    abstract::Sudden unexpected death is one of the most frequent ways of dying in the first year of life after the neonatal period. It is however, much less frequent after the first birthday. Investigations into the cause of death are very important, for a significant proportion of these sudden deaths can be explained only after a...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Côté A

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Biomarkers of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection: specific neutrophil and cytokine levels provide increased accuracy in predicting disease severity.

    abstract::Despite fundamental advances in the research on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) since its initial identification almost 60 years ago, recurring failures in developing vaccines and pharmacologic strategies effective in controlling the infection have allowed RSV to become a leading cause of global infant morbidity and...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brown PM,Schneeberger DL,Piedimonte G

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Journey towards a personalised medicine approach for OSA: Can a similar approach to adult OSA be applied to paediatric OSA?

    abstract::The concept of personalised medicine is likely to revolutionise the treatment of adult obstructive sleep apnoea as a result of recent advances in the understanding of disease heterogeneity by identifying clinical phenotypes, pathophysiological endotypes, biomarkers and treatable traits. Children with the condition sho...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Siriwardhana LS,Nixon GM,Horne RSC,Edwards BA

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • The use of invasive ventilation is appropriate in children with genetically proven spinal muscular atrophy type 1: the motion against.

    abstract::Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a relatively common, profoundly disabling and incurable disease that presents in early childhood with hypotonia, weakness and decreased movement. Without ventilatory support, premature death from respiratory insufficiency is universal in children with spinal muscular atrophy type 1 (SM...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ryan MM

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Respiratory support for infants with bronchiolitis, a narrative review of the literature.

    abstract::Bronchiolitis is a common viral disease that significantly affects infants less than 12 months of age. The purpose of this review is to present a review of the current knowledge of the uses of respiratory support in the management of infants with bronchiolitis presenting to hospital. We electronically searched MEDLINE...

    journal_title:Paediatric respiratory reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Franklin D,Fraser JF,Schibler A

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00