[Biologic factors hazardous to health: classification and criteria of exposure assessment].

Abstract:

:Occupational biohazards include not only factors that have long been known (viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites), but also agents exerting allergic and toxic effects, which are directly responsible for the development of various diseases in many occupational groups. Numerous agents of this group (allergens, microbial toxins, pollen allergens and allergens of animal origin) are components of bioacrosols--potential hazards inducing occupational respiratory diseases among farmers and people involved in other occupations. Contrary to the majority of chemical and physical factors, neither commonly approved criteria for assessing exposure to biological factors, nor threshold values and methodological recommendations are as yet available. The lack of these criteria renders it difficult to implement in Poland and in other countries Directive 2000/54/EC on the protection of workers against the risk of occupational exposure to biohazards, issued by the European Community. The Institute of Rural Medicine in Lublin has drafted the proposals for threshold limit values of occupational exposure to bioaerosols associated with plant and animal dusts, including: mesophilic bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, thermophilic actinomycetes, fungi and bacterial endotoxins. These proposals could be considered as a starting point for developing appropriate facultative standards that would facilitate the practical implementation of the aforesaid Directive. Meantime it is essential to be strict in following the binding concentration limits of the plant and animal dusts in the air.

journal_name

Med Pr

journal_title

Medycyna pracy

authors

Dutkiewicz J,Górny RL

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-01-01 00:00:00

pages

29-39

issue

1

eissn

0465-5893

issn

2353-1339

journal_volume

53

pub_type

杂志文章,评审
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    authors: Pancewicz SA,Kondrusik M,Zajkowska J,Hermanowska-Szpakowicz T

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    authors: Burdelak W,Bukowska A,Krysicka J,Pepłońska B

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  • [Bronchial hyperreactivity as a factors of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease development in the population of the Bogdanka coal miners].

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    doi:

    authors: Mosiewicz J,Myśliński W,Ryczak E,Dzida G,Biłan A,Palusiński R,Hanzlik J

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  • [Effect of chronic exposure to nitrogen dioxide on biogenic amine levels in the brain of guinea pigs].

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    doi:

    authors: Felińska W,Szkilnik R,Stanosek B,Kamiński M,Ludyga K,Brus R

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  • [Problems in the evaluation of miners' exposure to radon in Poland in view of international organizations recommendations and European Union directives].

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    doi:

    authors: Chruścielewski W,Liniecki J,Jankowski J

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Liver angiosarcoma in a male exposed to vinyl chloride over 22 years].

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    doi:

    authors: Moszczyński P,Moszczyński P Jr,Zabiínski Z

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to harmful microbiological agents during the handling of biomass for power production purposes.

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    doi:

    authors: Ławniczek-Wałczyk A,Gołofit-Szymczak M,Cyprowski M,Górny RL

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    doi:

    authors: Limburska I,Gaździk TS,Zejda JE

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Prestige of selected medical professions in the opinion of representatives of these professions].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this article is to present the prestige of selected medical professions in the opinion of people practicing these professions. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The study was conducted by means of the survey technique. The research tool was an original questionnaire prepared by the authors of the study, which...

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  • [Characteristics of jobs and workers employed in municipal waste collection and disposal by the city of Lodz].

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    doi:

    authors: Krajewski JA,Tarkowski S,Cyprowski M,Buczyńska A

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  • [Study of social acceptance of periodic examinations by machine industry workers].

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    doi:

    authors: Leszczyńska K

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  • [Mental evaluation after chronic exposure to tetrachloroethylene].

    abstract::With the aim of determining the effects of chronic occupational exposure to Per upon the selected intellectual and psychomotor functions two groups of workers have been examined. The proper group was that of chemical laundry workers exposed to Per (concentrations within TLVs and above). The control group was composed ...

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    doi:

    authors: Bazylewicz-Walczak B,Marszał-Wiśniewska M

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Incidence of urinary tract diseases among workers in the Masovian Refining and Petrochemical Plants in Płock 1978-1981].

    abstract::The studies were aimed at estimation of the incidence rate of genito-urinary tract diseases among employees of the Mazovian Refining and Petrochemical Plants in Płock. In 1978-1981, 873 employees were examined, including 244 females and 629 males. Most of them, namely 572 (65%), were employed in those plants for more ...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Miekoś E,Leńko Z,Monita W,Lesiewicz H,Jazdzewski B,Zajgner J,Pawlak C,Kozłowski R

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Hazardous health effects in communal waste collection and disposal workers].

    abstract::This paper presents a review of the current literature concerning health impact of communal waste in people occupationally involved in waste collection and disposal. No studies have been as yet carried out in this regard. This review indicates that the main hazards for workers collecting and disposing communal wastes ...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Krajewski JA,Tarkowski S,Cyprowski M

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Effect of EDTA on the activity of aminolevulinic dehydratase in vitro and in vivo].

    abstract::To blood samples taken from persons who are not exposed to the effect of lead, ions Pb++ were added. Then lowering of the activity of aminolevulinic dehydratase (ALAD) in proportion to an amount of lead added was observed. Parallel introduction of ions Pb++ and EDTA prevented a significant lowering of ALAD activity. T...

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    doi:

    authors: Kiereś H

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Glycolytic processes in rat liver during chlorfenvinphos intoxications].

    abstract::The aim of the study was to evaluate the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and the concentration of lactate, pyruvate and glucose in cytosolic fraction of the rat liver in chlorfenvinphos intoxication. We found the increased activity of lactate dehydrogenase, decreased concentration of pyruvate with concurrent i...

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    doi:

    authors: Lukaszewicz-Hussain A,Moniuszko-Jakoniuk J

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of dynamic changes in hearing impairment in subjects exposed to noise while testing for transient evoked otoacoustic emission].

    abstract::A group of 74 miners, aged 19-35 years, exposed to industrial noise at average level of 82-88 dBA for 1.5 to 15 years were examined by means of otoacoustic emission (TEOAE). The group was divided into three subgroups, depending on the duration of noise exposure. The results obtained in miners were compared to the resu...

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Namysłowski G,Trybalska G,Morawski K

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Measurement of the temporary auditory threshold shift (TTS) for evaluation of the degree of noise hazard].

    abstract::Long-term investigations of noise in coal mines enhanced the need to take measurements at work stations posing high risk of methane explosion. To facilitate evaluation of noise hazard at the workplace in coal mines, attempts have been made to apply TTS measurements. Measurements of TTS taken within 3 to 5 minutes afte...

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    doi:

    authors: Lipowczan A,Sułkowski W,Tengler M

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Recent concept of protection of workers and general population against electromagnetic fields in the European countries].

    abstract::In 1994, guidelines for protection against EM fields were elaborated by the International Commission for Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). In 1998, they were slightly modified and became the base for the 1999 recommendation of the UE Commission. The ICNIRP recommendations are based on few selected criteria, ...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Szmigielski S,Sobiczewska E

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Occupational diseases caused by ionizing radiation in Poland, 1971-2006].

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    doi:

    authors: Wilczyńska U,Szeszenia-Dabrowska N

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    doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00998

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  • [Lipid, collagen and mucopolysaccharide metabolism in workers exposed to occupational noise].

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    doi:

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  • Health promotion--the rationale and the obstacles in workplaces with different employment and financial soundness.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

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    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Cancer risk in asbestos-cement industry workers in Poland].

    abstract::A cohort study was carried out in order to evaluate the cancer risk in the asbestos-cement industry workers. The cohort consisted of workers employed in four asbestos-cement plants. One of those plants was established in 1924, the other three in the 1960s and 1970s. Currently only two of these plants continue their pr...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Szeszenia-Dabrowska N,Wilczyńska U,Szymczak W

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Nerve conduction in vibratory disease].

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    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Samusik J,Kołodziejczyk W

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Development of criteria and identification of areas most hazardous for the health of the population due to chemicals present in the environment. II. Choice of health indicators and synthetic taxonomic measures].

    abstract::The aim of the study was: 1. to choose health indicators related with hazards caused by chemicals in order to identify areas of the greatest health hazards, following the criteria proposed in Part I; 2. to apply different methods of variable aggregation, to evaluate their efficency and to choose a method most useful f...

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    doi:

    authors: Indulski JA,Andryszek C

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Contact allergy to preservatives contained in cosmetics].

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    doi:

    authors: Kieć-Swierczyńska M,Krecisz B,Swierczyńska-Machura D

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00