A defence of the potential future of value theory.


:In this issue of the journal Mark Brown has offered a new argument against my potential future of value theory. I argue that even though the premises of this new argument are far more defensible than the premises of his old argument, the new argument does not show that the potential future of value theory of the wrongness of killing is false. If the considerations to which Brown appeals are used, not to show that the potential future of value theory is false, but to show that abortion is morally permissible, they are also unsuccessful. I also argue that Brown's clarified self-represented future of value account and Simon Parsons's account of the wrongness of killing are both subject to major difficulties. Finally, I show, in an appendix, that Brown's assertion that my discussion of his views suffers from major logical errors is false.


J Med Ethics


Marquis D





Has Abstract


2002-06-01 00:00:00


198-201; discussion 202










  • Paediatric xenotransplantation clinical trials and the right to withdraw.

    abstract::Clinical trials of xenotransplantation (XTx) may begin early in the next decade, with kidneys from genetically modified pigs transplanted into adult humans. If successful, transplanting pig hearts into children with advanced heart failure may be the next step. Typically, clinical trials have a specified end date, and ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hurst DJ,Padilla LA,Walters W,Hunter JM,Cooper DKC,Eckhoff DM,Cleveland D,Paris W

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Compensation and hazard pay for key workers during an epidemic: an argument from analogy.

    abstract::The COVID-19 pandemic has created unusually challenging and dangerous workplace conditions for key workers. This has prompted calls for key workers to receive a variety of special benefits over and above their normal pay. Here, we consider whether two such benefits are justified: a no-fault compensation scheme for har...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McConnell D,Wilkinson D

    更新日期:2020-05-28 00:00:00

  • Ethics and evidence based surgery.

    abstract::Traditionally, surgical practice has been experiential and based on the contemporary understanding of basic mechanisms of disease. It was both a science and an art and depended to far too great an extent on the individualism and self belief of its main exponents. "Evidence based medicine" (EBM) emerged in the 1980s an...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stirrat GM

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Supporting whistleblowers in academic medicine: training and respecting the courage of professional conscience.

    abstract::Conflicts between the ethical values of an organisation and the ethical values of the employees of that organisation can often lead to conflict. When the ethical values of the employee are considerably higher than those of the organisation the potential for catastrophic results is enormous. In recent years several hig...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Faunce T,Bolsin S,Chan WP

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • The healthcare worker at risk during the COVID-19 pandemic: a Jewish ethical perspective.

    abstract::The current COVID-19 pandemic has raised many questions and dilemmas for modern day ethicists and healthcare providers. Are physicians, nurses and other healthcare workers morally obligated to put themselves in harm's way and treat patients during a pandemic, occurring a great risk to themselves, their families and po...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solnica A,Barski L,Jotkowitz A

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • The subtle politics of organ donation: a proposal.

    abstract::Organs available for transplantation are scarce and valuable medical resources and decisions about who is to receive them should not be made more difficult by complicated calculations of desert. Consideration of likely clinical outcome must always take priority when allocating such a precious resource otherwise there ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eaton S

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • What do medical students experience as moral problems during their obstetric and gynaecology clerkship?

    abstract::This article reports on moral problems that were raised by medical students as the basis for an ethical case-conference in an obstetrics and gynaecology clerkship. After introducing the issue of teaching clinical ethics, the method of our case-conference is explained. Next, the variety of topics and related moral prob...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olthuis G,Dukel L

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Whole-brain death reconsidered.

    abstract::The author, a philosopher, suggests that the concept of death should be left as it is 'in its present indeterminate state', and that we ought to reject attempts to define death in terms of whole-brain death or any other type of brain death, including cerebral death and 'irreversible coma'. Instead of 'fiddling with th...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Browne A

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • Let's keep metaphysics out of medical ethics: a critique of Poplawski and Gillett.

    abstract::I argue that the concept of 'longitudinal form', which Poplawski and Gillett have introduced into ethical discussions about embryos and gametes, involves too many metaphysical subtleties to be a useful aid to making moral decisions. I conclude by suggesting a criterion for relevance in medical ethics. ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leavitt FJ

    更新日期:1992-12-01 00:00:00

  • The morality of risks in research: reflections on Kumar.

    abstract::Reflecting on the contribution by Rahul Kumar to the symposium, I consider the following topics in relation to risks in research: (1) treating someone as a mere means; (2) aggregation; (3) different conceptions of contractualism; (4) uncertainty; (5) paternalism and complicity. ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamm FM

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Are medical ethicists out of touch? Practitioner attitudes in the US and UK towards decisions at the end of life.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess whether UK and US health care professionals share the views of medical ethicists about medical futility, withdrawing/withholding treatment, ordinary/extraordinary interventions, and the doctrine of double effect. DESIGN, SUBJECTS AND SETTING:A 138-item attitudinal questionnaire completed by 469 UK...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Dickenson DL

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • Predictive genetic testing of children for adult-onset diseases and psychological harm.

    abstract::One of the central arguments given to resist testing currently healthy, asymptomatic children for adult-onset diseases is that they may be psychologically harmed by the knowledge gained from such tests. In this discussion I examine two of the most serious arguments: children who are tested may face limited futures, an...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Malpas PJ

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • The teaching of medical ethics to medical students.

    abstract::Teaching medical ethics to medical students in a pluralistic society is a challenging task. Teachers of ethics have obligations not just to teach the subject matter but to help create an academic environment in which well motivated students have reinforcement of their inherent good qualities. Emphasis should be placed...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glick SM

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • The multiple self objection to the prudential lifespan account.

    abstract::Multiple self approaches purport that to have equal concern about all stages of one's life is not a requirement of rationality. This poses a challenge to the prudential lifespan account which Norman Daniels advocates in Just health: meeting health needs fairly. Daniels has criticised the multiple self approach in earl...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schefczyk M

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Decision-making in the critically ill neonate: cultural background v individual life experiences.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In treating critically ill neonates, situations occasionally arise in which aggressive medical treatment prolongs the inevitable death rather than prolonging life. Decisions as to limitation of neonatal medical intervention remain controversial and the primary responsibility of the generally unprepared famil...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hammerman C,Kornbluth E,Lavie O,Zadka P,Aboulafia Y,Eidelman AI

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ethically complex decisions in the neonatal intensive care unit: impact of the new French legislation on attitudes and practices of physicians and nurses.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:A statute enacted in 2005 modified the legislative framework of the rights of terminally ill persons in France. Ten years after the EURONIC study, which described the self-reported practices of neonatal caregivers towards ethical decision-making, a new study was conducted to assess the impact of the new law ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garel M,Caeymaex L,Goffinet F,Cuttini M,Kaminski M

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Groningen Protocol for newborn euthanasia; which way did the slippery slope tilt?

    abstract::In The Netherlands, neonatal euthanasia has become a legal option and the Groningen Protocol contains an approach to identify situations in which neonatal euthanasia might be appropriate. In the 5 years following the publication of the protocol, neither the prediction that this would be the first step on a slippery sl...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verhagen AA

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of end of life care in cancer patients at a teaching hospital in Japan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To analyse the decision making for end of life care for patients with cancer at a teaching hospital in Japan at two periods 10 years apart. DESIGN AND SETTING:Retrospective study conducted in a 550 bed community teaching hospital in Okinawa, Japan. PATIENTS:There were 124 terminally ill cancer patients (45...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tokuda Y,Nakazato N,Tamaki K

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • So not mothers: responsibility for surrogate orphans.

    abstract::The law ordinarily recognises the woman who gives birth as the mother of a child, but in certain jurisdictions, it will recognise the commissioning couple as the legal parents of a child born to a commercial surrogate. Some commissioning parents have, however, effectively abandoned the children they commission, and in...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parks JA,Murphy TF

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Paternalism versus autonomy: medical opinion and ethical questions in the treatment of defective neonates.

    abstract::The paternalistic view that decisions on whether to treat defective newborns are best made by physicians is rejected. It is contended that society should serve as the infant's protector by providing legal standards to govern treatment decisions. ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferguson P

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • "Idiots, infants, and the insane": mental illness and legal incompetence.

    abstract::Prior to the second world war, most persons confined in insane asylums were regarded as legally incompetent and had guardians appointed for them. Today, most persons confined in mental hospitals (or treated involuntarily, committed to outpatient treatment) are, in law, competent; nevertheless, in fact, they are treate...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Szasz T

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • The best argument against kidney sales fails.

    abstract::Simon Rippon has recently argued against kidney markets on the grounds that introducing the option to vend will result in many people, especially the poor, being subject to harmful pressure to vend. Though compelling, Rippon's argument fails. What he takes to be a single phenomenon-social and legal pressure to vend-is...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Semrau L

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • On the univocity of rationality: a response to Nigel Biggar's 'Why religion deserves a place in secular medicine'.

    abstract::Nigel Biggar (2015) argues that religion deserves a place in secular medicine. Biggar suggests we abandon the standard rationalistic conception of the secular realm and see it rather as "a forum for the negotiation of rival reasonings". Religious reasoning is one among a number of ways of thinking that must vie for ac...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Symons X

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • The 'patient's physician one-step removed': the evolving roles of medical tourism facilitators.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Medical tourism involves patients travelling internationally to receive medical services. This practice raises a range of ethical issues, including potential harms to the patient's home and destination country and risks to the patient's own health. Medical tourists often engage the services of a facilitator ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Snyder J,Crooks VA,Adams K,Kingsbury P,Johnston R

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Jehovah's Witnesses' refusal of blood: obedience to scripture and religious conscience.

    abstract::Jehovah's Witnesses are students of the Bible. They refuse transfusions out of obedience to the scriptural directive to abstain and keep from blood. Dr Muramoto disagrees with the Witnesses' religious beliefs in this regard. Despite this basic disagreement over the meaning of Biblical texts, Muramoto flouts the religi...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ridley DT

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • The BMA's guidance on conscientious objection may be contrary to human rights law.

    abstract::It is argued that the current policy of the British Medical Association (BMA) on conscientious objection is not aligned with recent human rights developments. These grant a right to conscientious objection to doctors in many more circumstances than the very few recognised by the BMA. However, this wide-ranging right m...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adenitire JO

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Community care--same problems, different epithet?

    abstract::A negative image of community care prevails. This method of care is perceived to be a relatively novel phenomenon and has received mixed media coverage. The negative image of community care has led to the growing belief that this care method has failed. This failure has largely been ascribed to the lack of powers avai...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glover N

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • Royal College of Nursing (Rcn) code of professional conduct: a discussion document.

    abstract::We are printing in its entirety the discussion document which sets out a code of professional conduct for nurses published by the Royal College of Nursing in November 1976 together with commentaries by the Assistant Secretary of the British Medical Association, a professor of nursing studies, student nurses and a lawy...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dawson JD,Altschul AT,Sampson C,Smith AM

    更新日期:1977-09-01 00:00:00

  • Futile treatment, junior doctors and role virtues.

    abstract::Futile treatment is one ethically challenging situation commonly encountered by junior doctors. By analysing an intern's story using a role virtues framework, I propose a set of three steps for junior doctors facing this problem. I claim that junior doctors ought always to investigate the rationale underlying decision...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDougall R

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • "Allow natural death" versus "do not resuscitate": three words that can change a life.

    abstract::Physician-written "do not resuscitate" DNR orders elicit negative reactions from stakeholders that may decrease appropriate end-of-life care. The semantic significance of the phrase has led to a proposed replacement of DNR with "allow natural death" (AND). Prior to this investigation, no scientific papers address the ...

    journal_title:Journal of medical ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Venneman SS,Narnor-Harris P,Perish M,Hamilton M

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00