Association of galectin-9 with eosinophil apoptosis.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:There is no information whether galectin-9 (a novel eosinophil chemoattractant) was associated with pathogenesis of eosinophilic disorders. METHODS:We assessed the expression of galectin-9 with imunostaining and in situ hybridization both in the lesion of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, and peripheral blood eosinophils of eosinophilic patients (E-Eos) in comparison with those of normal volunteers (N-Eos). Regulation of expression of galectin-9 on eosinophils and the effect of galectin-9 on apoptosis of eosinophil were also evaluated. RESULTS:Many eosinophils infiltrating the site were positive for galectin-9. Surface and intracellular immunoreactive galectin-9 was more evident in E-Eos than N-Eos. When eosinophils were cultured with IL-5 in vitro, the surface galectin-9 expression of E-Eos was significantly downregulated, although that of N-Eos was not affected. Treatment of eosinophils with dexamethasone or anti-Fas antibody significantly upregulated the surface galectin-9 expression of E-Eos. In contrast, dexamethasone partially downregulated the surface galectin-9 of N-Eos, although anti-Fas antibody failed to affect on the surface galectin-9 expression. We also found that recombinant galectin-9 significantly suppressed apoptosis of E-Eos (p = 0.0431), whereas it apparently enhanced apoptosis of N-Eos (p = 0.0173). Furthermore, dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of N-Eos was significantly suppressed by galectin-9 (p = 0.0431), whereas galectin-9 failed to induce significant change in dexamethasone-induced apoptosis of E-Eos. In contrast, apoptosis induced by anti-Fas antibody in both N-Eos (p = 0.0431) and E-Eos (p = 0.0431) was enhanced by galectin-9. CONCLUSIONS:These findings suggested that galectin-9 was produced by eosinophils, and galectin-9 showed heterogeneous effects and kinetics to eosinophils, and this factor might be one of crucial factors in eosinophilic inflammation.

authors

Saita N,Goto E,Yamamoto T,Cho I,Tsumori K,Kohrogi H,Maruo K,Ono T,Takeya M,Kashio Y,Nakamura K,Hirashima M

doi

10.1159/000058002

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-05-01 00:00:00

pages

42-50

issue

1

eissn

1018-2438

issn

1423-0097

pii

58002

journal_volume

128

pub_type

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