Ethical reasoning observed: a longitudinal study of nursing students.


:All nursing courses in the UK include ethics in the curriculum, although there is considerable variation in the content of ethics courses and the teaching methods used to assist the acquisition of ethical reasoning.The effectiveness of ethics courses continues to be disputed, even when the perceptions and needs of students are taken into account in their design. This longitudinal study, carried out in the UK, but with implications for nurse education in other developed countries, explored the ethical understanding of nursing students and changes in their understanding and approaches to practice over their four years of training (1995-1999). The data collection tools were a questionnaire originally piloted prior to the 1995 study, from which the present study developed, and five vignettes describing ethical dilemmas in health care also piloted in 1995. Students' thinking progressed as they became more mature as individuals and professionals, although this progress was not necessarily in the direction of greater certainty. Suggestions are made to help nurse educators to maximize the effectiveness of ethics courses in transmitting the skills of ethical reasoning.


Nurs Ethics


Nursing ethics


Nolan PW,Markert D





Has Abstract


2002-05-01 00:00:00












  • A care ethics approach to the Gender Kidney Donation Gap.

    abstract::Many studies have shown that women are more likely than men to be living kidney donors, and the discrepancy is particularly marked in heterosexual couples: wives are more likely than husbands to donate a kidney to their spouse. This 'Gender Kidney Donation Gap' can be understood in terms of Carol Gilligan's claims abo...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hodson N

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prenatal screening, ethics and Down's syndrome: a literature review.

    abstract::This article reviews the literature on prenatal screening for Down's syndrome. To be evidence based, medicine and nursing have to take account of research evidence and also of how this evidence is processed through the influence of prevailing social and moral attitudes. This review of the extensive literature examines...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Alderson P

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • Invisibility, moral knowledge and nursing work in the writings of Joan Liaschenko and Patricia Rodney.

    abstract::The ethical 'eye' of nursing, that is, the particular moral vision and values inherent in nursing work, is constrained by the preoccupations and practices of the superordinate biomedical structure in which nursing as a practice discipline is embedded. The intimate, situated knowledge of particular persons who construc...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Bjorklund P

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • The ethical dimension of nursing care rationing: A thematic synthesis of qualitative studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In the face of scarcity, nurses may inevitably delay or omit some nursing interventions and give priority to others. This increases the risk of adverse patient outcomes and threatens safety, quality, and dignity in care. However, it is not clear if there is an ethical element in nursing care rationing and ho...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vryonides S,Papastavrou E,Charalambous A,Andreou P,Merkouris A

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Nurses' moral distress in end-of-life care: A qualitative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Moral distress is a neglected issue in most palliative education programmes, and research has largely focused on this phenomenon as an occupational problem for nursing staff. RESEARCH QUESTION:The primary outcome of this study was to explore the causes of morally distressing events, feelings experienced by ...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: De Brasi EL,Giannetta N,Ercolani S,Gandini ELM,Moranda D,Villa G,Manara DF

    更新日期:2020-12-03 00:00:00

  • Moral obligations of nurses and physicians in neonatal end-of-life care.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to explore the obligations of nurses and physicians in providing end-of-life care. Nineteen nurses and 11 physicians from a single newborn intensive care unit participated. Using content analysis, an overarching obligation of creating the best possible experience for infants and parents was i...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gingell Epstein E

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Human dignity in paediatrics: the effects of health care.

    abstract::Human dignity is grounded in basic human attributes such as life and self-respect. When people cannot stand up for themselves they may lose their dignity towards themselves and others. The aim of this study was to elucidate if dignity remains intact for family members during care procedures in a children's hospital. A...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lundqvist A,Nilstun T

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical conflicts and their characteristics among critical care nurses.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Ethical conflict is a phenomenon that has been under study over the last three decades, especially the types moral dilemma and moral distress in the field of nursing care. However, ethical problems and their idiosyncrasies need to be further explored. AIM:The objectives of this study were, first, to obtai...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lluch-Canut T,Sequeira C,Falcó-Pegueroles A,Pinho JA,Rodrigues-Ferreira A,Olmos JG,Roldan-Merino J

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between ethical work climate and nurses' perception of organizational support, commitment, job satisfaction and turnover intent.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Healthcare organizations are now challenged to retain nurses' generation and understand why they are leaving their nursing career prematurely. Acquiring knowledge about the effect of ethical work climate and level of perceived organizational support can help organizational leaders to deal effectively with dy...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abou Hashish EA

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Documentation of patients' participation in care at the end of life.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to describe how patients' participation in the care they received was documented in their health care records during the last three months of their lives. Two hundred and twenty-nine deceased adult persons were randomly identified from 12 municipalities in a Swedish county and their records w...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindström I,Gaston-Johansson F,Danielson E

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Empirical and normative ethics: a synthesis relating to the care of older patients.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to synthesize the concepts from empirical studies and analyze, compare and interrelate them with normative ethics. The International Council of Nurses (ICN) and the Health and Medical Service Act are normative ethics. Five concepts were used in the analysis; three from the grounded theory stu...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jonasson LL,Liss PE,Westerlind B,Berterö C

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Cultural safety and the socioethical nurse.

    abstract::This article explores the social and ethical elements of cultural safety and combines them in a model of culturally safe practice that should be of interest and relevance for nurses, nurse educators and nurse ethicists in other cultures. To achieve this, the article briefly reviews and critiques the main underpinnings...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woods M

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Revalidation of the Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ).

    abstract::The Perceptions of Conscience Questionnaire (PCQ) and the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) have previously been developed and validated within the 'Stress of Conscience Study'. The aim was to revalidate these two questionnaires, including two additional, theoretically and empirically significant items, on a sa...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahlin J,Ericson-Lidman E,Norberg A,Strandberg G

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Nurses' experience of providing ethical care following an earthquake: A phenomenological study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ethical care provided by nurses to earthquake victims is one of the main subjects in nursing profession. OBJECTIVES:Given the information gap in this field, the present study is an attempt to explore the nurses' experience of ethical care provided to victims of an earthquake. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHOD:A h...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moradi K,Abdi A,Valiee S,Rezaei SA

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental subjects and partial truth telling during technological change in radiotherapy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), the focus of a number of radiotherapy fundraising campaigns in the mid-2000s, was introduced accompanied by a fanfare of newness and discourses of 'hope', 'inspiring clinical confidence' and 'accuracy'. The CBCT system, used in the delivery of Radiotherapy treatment, was...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wood LA

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • 'What is professional ethics?'.

    abstract::The very term 'professional ethics' is puzzling with respect to what both 'professional' and 'ethics' might mean. I argue (1) that professionalism is ambiguous as to whether or not it is implicitly committed to ethical practice; (2) that to be 'professionally' ethical is at best ambiguous, if not in fact bizarre; and ...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brecher B

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Statutory disclosure in article 280 of the Turkish Penal Code.

    abstract::A new Turkish Penal Code came into effect on 1 June 2005. Article 280 concerns health care workers' failure to report a crime. This article removes the responsibility from health care workers to maintain confidentiality, but also removes patients' right to confidentiality. It provides for up to one year of imprisonmen...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Büken E,Sahinoğlu S,Büken NO

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Quality dementia care: Prerequisites and relational ethics among multicultural healthcare providers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND::Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understand...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sellevold GS,Egede-Nissen V,Jakobsen R,Sørlie V

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Nurse moral distress: a proposed theory and research agenda.

    abstract::As professionals, nurses are engaged in a moral endeavour, and thus confront many challenges in making the right decision and taking the right action. When nurses cannot do what they think is right, they experience moral distress that leaves a moral residue. This article proposes a theory of moral distress and a resea...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Corley MC

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • A socratic dialogue on the question 'what is love in nursing?

    abstract::It is the thesis of the authors that the caring ethic and moral state of being of nurses ideally suffuses their professional caring and is thus implicit in their ethical decision making. Socratic dialogue is a technique that allows such moral attitudes to be made explicit. This article describes a Socratic dialogue co...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fitzgerald L,van Hooft S

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical conflict in critical care nursing: Correlation between exposure and types.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ethical conflicts in nursing have generally been studied in terms of temporal frequency and the degree of conflict. This study presents a new perspective for examining ethical conflict in terms of the degree of exposure to conflict and its typology. OBJECTIVES:The aim was to examine the level of exposure to...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Falcó-Pegueroles A,Lluch-Canut T,Roldan-Merino J,Goberna-Tricas J,Guàrdia-Olmos J

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Nurses' (un)partner-like relationships with clients.

    abstract::The aim of a previous study was to describe nursing in Slovenia generally, and to identify the most appropriate nursing model for that country. One specific finding was the issue of partner-like relationships; this article deals with that issue only. An interpretive paradigm and qualitative research design were used w...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pajnkihar M

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Nurses' attitudes towards euthanasia in conflict with professional ethical guidelines.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the significant role of nurses in end-of-life care, their attitudes towards euthanasia are under-represented both in the current literature and the controversial debate that is ongoing in several countries. RESEARCH QUESTIONS:What are the attitudes towards euthanasia among Finnish nurses? Which char...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Terkamo-Moisio A,Kvist T,Kangasniemi M,Laitila T,Ryynänen OP,Pietilä AM

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Using the Canadian Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses to explore ethics in palliative care research.

    abstract::Nursing research in palliative care raises specific and challenging ethical issues. Questions have arisen about whether such research is morally justified, given the low likelihood of direct benefit to dying patients as research participants. The Canadian Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses outlines eight primary val...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arraf K,Cox G,Oberle K

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical challenges: Trust and leadership in dementia care.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:To meet and take care of people with dementia implicate professional and moral challenges for caregivers. Using force happens daily. However, staff also encounter challenges with the management in the units. Managing the caretaking function is also significant in how caretakers experience working in dement...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jakobsen R,Sørlie V

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical moments in practice: the nursing 'how are you?' revisited.

    abstract::In seeking for an understanding of ethical practices in health care situations, our challenge is always both to recognize and respond to the call of individuals in need. In attuning ourselves to the call of the vulnerable other an ethical moment arises. Asking 'how are you?' in health care practice is our very first p...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cameron BL

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • The attitude of Canadian nurses towards advance directives.

    abstract::This article seeks to shed light on the beliefs that influence nurses' intention of respecting or not respecting an advance directive document, namely a living will or a durable power of attorney. Nurses' beliefs were measured using a 44-statement questionnaire. The sample was made up of 306 nurses working either in a...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blondeau D,Lavoie M,Valois P,Keyserlingk EW,Hébert M,Martineau I

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical considerations in cross-linguistic nursing.

    abstract::This article reviews empirical evidence and ethical norms in cross-linguistic nursing. Empirical evidence highlights that linguistic barriers between nurses and patients can perpetuate discrimination and compromise nursing care. There are significant organizational and relational challenges involved in ensuring adequa...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carnevale FA,Vissandjée B,Nyland A,Vinet-Bonin A

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Nurses' experiences of informal coercion on adult psychiatric wards.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Informal coercion, that is, situations where caregivers use subtle coercive measures to impose their will on patients, is common in adult psychiatric inpatient care. It has been described as 'a necessary evil', confronting nurses with an ethical dilemma where they need to balance between a wish to do good, a...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andersson U,Fathollahi J,Gustin LW

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Moral distress in Turkish intensive care nurses.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Moral distress is a common problem among professionals working in the field of healthcare. Moral distress is the distress experienced by a professional when he or she cannot fulfill the correct action due to several obstacles, although he or she is aware of what it is. The level of moral distress experienced...

    journal_title:Nursing ethics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karagozoglu S,Yildirim G,Ozden D,Çınar Z

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00