Differential effects of etomoxir treatment on cardiac Na+-K+ ATPase subunits in diabetic rats.

Abstract:

:Etomoxir, an inhibitor of mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1, is known to attenuate the changes in myosin isoforms and sarcoplasmic reticular function that occur in diabetic rat hearts. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that etomoxir also prevents the diabetes-induced depression of sarcolemmal (SL) Na+-K+ATPase activity by differentially affecting its alpha and beta-subunit levels. Streptozotocin-induced diabetes was associated with a decreased in alpha2-, alpha3-subunit levels, whereas the alpha1-and beta1-subunits were unchanged. Treatment of diabetic rats for 4 weeks with etomoxir (8 mg/kg/day) increased the alpha1-subunit levels, but failed to prevent the decrease in alpha2- and alpha3-subunit levels. In euglycemic control rats, etomoxir increased the alpha1-subunit protein level per g heart weight, but did not alter the alpha2-, alpha3- and beta1-subunit levels. The large decrease in Na+-K+ ATPase activity per g heart weight in diabetic rats was prevented by etomoxir, which suggests that the increased alpha1-subunit levels seen with this drug compensated for the decreased alpha2- and alpha3-subunit levels. The SL yield was also increased by etomoxir in euglycemic rats in proportion to the higher alpha1-subunit level, which resulted in an unchanged alpha1-content when expressed per mg SL protein; however, the alpha2- and beta1-subunit levels were reduced (p < 0.05). The depressed alpha2- and beta3 subunit levels of diabetic rats were associated with reduced mRNA abundance. However, no increase in alpha1-subunit mRNA abundance was seen in the etomoxir treated rats, which suggests that possibly post-transcriptional mechanisms are occurring in these hearts.

journal_name

Mol Cell Biochem

authors

Kato K,Lukas A,Chapman DC,Rupp H,Dhalla NS

doi

10.1023/a:1014841216418

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-03-01 00:00:00

pages

57-62

issue

1-2

eissn

0300-8177

issn

1573-4919

journal_volume

232

pub_type

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