Comparison of tympanic and rectal temperature in febrile patients.


OBJECTIVE:To compare tympanic membrane temperature and rectal temperature in febrile pediatric patients. METHODS:Sixty febrile children were enrolled as continuous enrollment at initial triage. Two readings of ear temperature were taken in each child with Thermoscan infrared thermometer. Rectal temperature was recorded by a digital electronic thermometer. Comparison of both the techniques was done and co-relation co-efficients calculated. Parental preference for both techniques was assessed. RESULTS:It was observed that mean ear temperature was 38.9+/-0.90 C and that for rectal temperature was 38.8+/-0.80 degrees C. The correlation coefficient between the two was 0.994 (p < 0.01). Coefficients for both sites were comparable over a wide age range. The difference between readings taken from two ears was not significant. Temperature ranges over which readings were recorded were quite wide for both techniques. Parental preference for tympanic thermometry over rectal thermometry was noticed. Tympanic thermometry utilizes pyro-electric sensors, to detect infra-red rays emitted from the surface of tympanic membrane. Ear temperatures correlates well with rectal temperatures which have long been considered as "core" temperatures. Parents prefer the technique of ear thermometry which is quick (2 sec), safe and non-invasive and patient resistance for this is also less. CONCLUSION:A non-invasive, non-mucous device which is accurate over a wide range of temperature could be very useful.


Indian J Pediatr


Sehgal A,Dubey NK,Jyothi MC,Jain S





Has Abstract


2002-04-01 00:00:00












  • Impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on health-related quality-of-l ife of specific learning disability children [corrected].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact of co-occurring attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with newly diagnosed specific learning disability (SpLD). METHODS:From September 2005 to March 2006, 150 parents (either mother or father) of children consecutively...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karande S,Bhosrekar K

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Performance of WHO growth standards on Indian children with growth related disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess performance of WHO 2006 standards on anthropometric measurements of children referred for growth related disorders to a speciality pediatric clinic in Pune, India, from June 2006 through June 2010. METHODS:Data presented in this study were collected retrospectively from case records of all children...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prasad HK,Ekbote V,Rustagi V,Borade A,Chiplonkar S,Khadilkar V,Khadilkar AV

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease: primary prevention is the cost effective option.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To measure the economic output/input ratios for the various options of prevention of rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD) and check the viability of primary prevention vis-à-vis secondary and tertiary preventions. METHODS:Cost accounting of the various prevention options was calculated for each v...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Soudarssanane MB,Karthigeyan M,Mahalakshmy T,Sahai A,Srinivasan S,Subba Rao KS,Balachander J

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Leukodystrophies: Indian scenario.

    abstract::The leukodystrophies are familial disorders with onset usually in infancy or childhood. The clinical features consist of motor dysfunction with varying degree of cognitive decline. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has helped to identify and characterize these disorders. In some leukodystrophies, biochemical enzymatic ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Singhal BS

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Tumor lysis syndrome.

    abstract::Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) refers to the constellation of deranged metabolic state, characterized by hyperkalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperuricemia, hypocalcemia, and/or azotemia, secondary to rapid breakdown of tumor cells. It is a life threatening emergency that typically follows administration of chemotherapy or ma...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rajendran A,Bansal D,Marwaha RK,Singhi SC

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adrenal hemorrhage due to vitamin-K deficiency.

    abstract::Adrenal hemorrhage has many etiologies including bleeding diathesis. A 10-day-old female baby was admitted to our clinic with the complaint of abdominal distention. Hemorrhage was determined on the right adrenal gland with abdominal ultrasonography and computerized tomography. Laboratory investigations showed PT 44 se...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Totan M

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Growth of children with beta-thalassemia major.

    abstract::Hypertransfusion and regular chelation therapy have allowed improved survival in patients with thalassemia major (TM). Despite medical advances, growth failure and hypogonadism remain significant clinical problems in these patients in adolescence. Disproportionate truncal shortening which is common especially among ad...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Low LC

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of parental training in managing the behavioral problems of early childhood.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the effect of parental training on disturbed behavior of early childhood cases presented to the pediatricians. METHODS:The patients who reported in pediatric OPD of the Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, with complaints of low learning, poor memory, vertigo, speech problem, stress,...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Srivastava M,Gupta A,Talukdar U,Kalra BP,Lahan V

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cord blood from collection to expansion: feasibility in a regional blood bank.

    abstract::This article reviews the various aspect of the experimental phase preceding the establishment of an umbilical cord blood (UCB) bank within a regular blood bank, a situation totally different from that of de novo establishing a cord blood bank having human and financial resources. An ethically approved two-year study h...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Elias M,Choudhury N,Sibinga CT

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Common hematological disorders in children.

    abstract::It is common for primary care physicians to be faced with children with hematological disorders in everyday practice. The article seeks to provide realistic information for the first-contact physician in handling common hematological diseases in children. Practical step-wise approach to understanding and investigating...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bansal D,Totadri S

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical score card for diagnosis of group A streptococcal sore throat.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) sore throat primarily occurs among children in 5-15 years age group, and if not treated appropriately causes rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease (RF/RHD). Present study was aimed at validation of a clinical scoring system for diagnosis of GAS. METHODS:Five hundr...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nandi S,Kumar R,Ray P,Vohra H,Ganguly NK

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence and Outcome of Acute Cardiorenal Syndrome in Hospitalized Children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the incidence, etiology and outcome of Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) in hospitalized children. METHODS:A prospective cohort study was carried out in 242 children between 6 mo to 18 y of age hospitalized with primary cardiac, renal or any systemic disorder at a tertiary care center in India. The pr...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Athwani V,Bhargava M,Chanchlani R,Mehta AJ

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme: a program for holistic development of children in India.

    abstract::The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme is the largest program for promotion of maternal and child health and nutrition not only in India but in the whole world. The scheme was launched in 1975 in pursuance of the National Policy for Children. The scheme has expanded in the last twenty-seven years form...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kapil U

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Association of celiac disease with aplastic anemia.

    abstract::The authors report a case of 13-y-old boy who presented with pain in bilateral knee and ankle joints accompanied by petechiae all over the body and hematochezia. On investigation, he had pancytopenia, which on subsequent evaluation revealed aplastic anemia. On investigation for short stature, he was diagnosed as a cas...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maheshwari A,Nirupam N,Aneja S,Meena R,Chandra J,Kumar P

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical Diagnostic Approach to Congenital Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease in Infants and Children.

    abstract::Congenital heart diseases have varied presentations depending on the age of presentation. Regression of neonatal pulmonary hypertension and the timing of establishment of left to right shunt determines the onset of symptoms. Pre-tricuspid shunts generally remain asymptomatic during the childhood while large post-tricu...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kannan BR

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Acute myeloid leukemia in TAR syndrome.

    abstract::TAR syndrome is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder with a mortality rate of 30-40% mainly as a result of haemorrhage, in the first year of life. Most of the infants recover from the effects of thrombocytopenia and associated haematological complications with the modern medical care. Very rarely, the outcome...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rao VS,Shenoi UD,Krishnamurthy PN

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • ADad 2: the validation of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders for Anxiety Disorders among adolescents in a rural community population in India.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED), a measure found useful in different settings and cultures has not been validated in the subcontinent. This study validated this measure for identifying Anxiety Disorder (AD) among adolescents in an Indian community context. METHODS:Five hundred a...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russell PS,Nair MK,Russell S,Subramaniam VS,Sequeira AZ,Nazeema S,George B

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • A Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Stimulation Test Before and After GnRH Analogue Treatment for Central Precocious Puberty: Has the GnRH Test been Adequately Simplified?

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate and simplify the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) stimulation test for assessing pubertal activation and suppression. METHODS:The authors identified 72 girls diagnosed with central precocious puberty who were treated with a GnRH analogue (GnRHa). Patients who underwent an assessment regar...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim MS,Hwang PH,Lee DY

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary Infection with Lophomonas blattarum.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe the characteristics of Lophomonas blattarum infection in children based on a retrospective review of medical records data from Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, China. METHODS:This study included 53 cases from July 2014 through December 2016. The data were tabulated and sta...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ding Q,Shen K

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Long term survival in a young girl with renal cell carcinoma.

    abstract::A young girl with an uncommon renal tumour is the subject of this communication. A diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma was established post-operatively. Combined modality treatment including chemotherapy and radiotherapy has helped achieve a disease free survival of nearly 5 years. ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ray M,Marwaha RK,Trehan A,Narasimhan KL

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • Left ventricular failure due to a rare variant of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    abstract::"Hypertensive" variant of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is rare. The authors describe an interesting case of a 6-y-old boy who presented with an acute respiratory illness and progressive breathlessness since 1 y. Genital hyperpigmentation was noticed since 2 y of age; the onset of pubarche and increasing penile size ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhatia S,Muranjan MN,Lahiri KR

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cesarean section for suspected fetal distress, continuous fetal heart monitoring and decision to delivery time.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To find out the efficacy of continuous fetal heart monitoring by analyzing the cases of cesarean section for nonreassuring fetal heart in labor, detected by cardiotocography (CTG) and correlating these cases with perinatal outcome. To evaluate whether a 30 minute decision to delivery (D-D) interval for emerge...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roy KK,Baruah J,Kumar S,Deorari AK,Sharma JB,Karmakar D

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Undescended testes.

    abstract::Undescended testis or cryptorchidism is a common problem encountered in children. Despite the abundant literature on the pathology and management of undescended testis, it is the subject of numerous misgivings and controversies. The article reviews available literature on the entity and their relevance in clinical pra...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: D'Cruz AJ,Das K

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Role of sucrose in reducing painful response to orogastric tube insertion in preterm neonates.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To study whether orogastric tube (OGT) insertion elicits a painful response in preterm neonates, and the role of oral sucrose in reducing this pain. METHODS:This double blinded, randomized control trial was conducted in the neonatal intensive care units of Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital. Clinically stab...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pandey M,Datta V,Rehan HS

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis in infancy.

    abstract::Type 1 diabetes mellitus is considered a common form of diabetes mellitus in young people. Type 1 diabetes in infants is rare. However, the condition is rare in infants. Type 1 diabetes has not been reported in the literature in 45 days old child of an Indian population. Type 1 diabetes typically begins between the ag...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jali MV,Patil VD,Jali SM,Gowda S,Kambar S

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Priority mental health disorders of children and adolescents in primary-care pediatric settings in India 4: training and capacity building.

    abstract::Training in the primary-care child and adolescent mental health should take into consideration the local milieu, national health care education and development. It should aim to improve the mental health knowledge, competency as well as develop professional relationships between various primary, secondary and tertiary...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Russell PS,Tsheringla S,Nair MK,Minju KA

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Moyamoya syndrome in a child with down syndrome.

    abstract::Secondary Moyamoya disease, also known as Moyamoya syndrome has been rarely associated with Down syndrome. In pediatric patients, the usual presentation is that of ischemic stroke. Here is reported a 4-year-old child with Down syndrome and Moyamoya syndrome who presented with acute-onset right hemiplegia. A high index...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhalala US,Parekh PR

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Knowledge and attitude among child development project officers towards breast feeding.

    abstract::A study was conducted to determine the knowledge and attitude about breast feeding (BF) amongst child development project officers (CDPOs) working in Integrated Child Development Services Scheme. A semi structured pretested questionnaire was administered. It was found that majority of respondent had correct knowledge ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kapil U,Paul D,Manocha S

    更新日期:1989-11-01 00:00:00

  • Pectus excavatum in children: diagnostic significance for mitral valve prolapse.

    abstract::Eighty-seven patients with pectus excavatum underwent cardiac examination and echocardiography (M-mode) to determine the diagnostic significance of pectus in children for mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Patients' ages ranged from 1 month to 18 years with a mean age of 5.4 years. Sixty-seven were males. Twenty of the 87 p...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park JM,Varma SK

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Unusual complications of empyema thoracis: diaphragmatic palsy and Horner's syndrome.

    abstract::We report here a 3 month old child with empyema thoracis, who developed complications of diaphragmatic palsy and Horner's syndrome. These complications of empyema thoracis have not been reported earlier. We discuss the possible mechanisms for these complications. ...

    journal_title:Indian journal of pediatrics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhaskar G,Lodha R,Kabra SK

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00