The effects of active and passive participation in musical activity on the immune system as measured by salivary immunoglobulin A (SIgA).


:The purposes of this study were (a) to determine if musical activity would produce a significant change in the immune system as measured by Salivary Immunoglobulin A (SIgA), and (b) to determine if active participation in musical activity had a significantly different effect on the immune system than passive participation. Thirty-three participants (28 women and 5 men) were randomly assigned to one of 3 groups, 2 experimental and 1 control. Active group participants participated in a 30-minute session where they played various percussive instruments and sang. Passive group participants listened to 30 minutes worth of live music. Saliva samples were taken before and after sessions and SIgA concentrations were determined using radial immunodiffusion technique. All groups were found to be significantly different from each other. SIgA levels of the active group showed a significantly greater increase than those of the passive group and the control group, suggesting that active participation in musical activity produces a greater effect on the immune system than passive participation.


J Music Ther


Journal of music therapy


Kuhn D





Has Abstract


2002-04-01 00:00:00












  • An analysis of the editorial committee of the Journal of Music Therapy, 1964-2007.

    abstract::Editorial committees review article submissions and subsequently influence the content of professional journals. In this bibliographical study, the researchers investigated the characteristics of Journal of Music Therapy (JMT) editorial committee between 1964 and 2007 using four publication periods. Data were tabulate...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pasiali V,Lin SY,Noh HE

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Music Therapy and Spiritual Care in End-of-Life: A Qualitative Inquiry into Ethics and Training Issues Identified by Chaplains and Music Therapists.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Music therapists are increasingly employed by hospices. As such, they are often called upon to provide additional spiritual care to patients receiving end-of-life care. However, researchers have not yet examined the appropriateness of music therapists providing spiritual care as part of the hospice team, or ...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Masko MK

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Development and validation of a concise emotional inventory.

    abstract::This study investigated the initial development and validation of a concise emotional inventory. The scale was developed as a very expedient device that can be used with young adults in order to access a person's emotional state across a wide variety of defined life content areas. The version of the scale used in this...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Madsen CK,Madsen CH Jr,Madsen RK

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of the pacifier activated lullaby on weight gain of premature infants.

    abstract::Within the past 5 years there has been an increase of premature infants surviving in the neonatal intensive care unit as well as an increasing cost for each day the infant is kept there. It is important for the premature infant to acquire the feeding skills necessary for weight gain, which lead to discharge from the h...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cevasco AM,Grant RE

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mixed methods research in music therapy research.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Music therapists have an ethical and professional responsibility to provide the highest quality care possible to their patients. Much of the time, high quality care is guided by evidence-based practice standards that integrate the most current, available research in making decisions. Accordingly, music thera...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bradt J,Burns DS,Creswell JW

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation and Gait Training in Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Study.

    abstract::Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) has been well researched with stroke survivors and individuals who have Parkinson's disease, but little research exists on RAS with people who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). This pilot study aimed to (1) assess the feasibility of the study design and (2) explore pote...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson S,Hays K,Weintraub A,Ketchum JM,Kowalski RG

    更新日期:2020-10-23 00:00:00

  • Elementary-aged children's aesthetic experiences with music.

    abstract::This study examined the perceived aesthetic experiences of elementary school children. Sixty 4th graders, from 3 intact public school classes that included students identified as gifted and with special needs, listened to 'Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini, Op. 43, Variation 18,' by Rachmaninoff and simultaneously indic...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Paul PM

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a live educational music therapy intervention on acute psychiatric inpatients' perceived social support and trust in the therapist: a four-group randomized effectiveness study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Social support is associated with enhanced illness management and recovery in persons with mental illness, making it an important topic addressed through acute inpatient psychoeducational programs. In addition, trust in the therapist may mediate clinical outcomes in this patient population. To date, few stud...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Silverman MJ

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • A survey of clinical practice in music therapy. Part II: Clinical practice, educational, and clinical training.

    abstract::Part II of the clinical practice survey is concerned with the amount and quality of equipment available to music therapists, length of activity sessions, accountability procedures, patient or client referral sources, scheduling procedures, communication with other professionals, and the status of music therapy in inst...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braswell C,Maranto CD,Decuir A

    更新日期:1979-07-01 00:00:00

  • Experiences and concerns of students during music therapy practica.

    abstract::This phenomenological research study investigated experiences and concerns that music therapy students have during their preclinical or practicum experiences. Interviews with students were intended to lead to an understanding of these experiences as the students perceived them. Eight students enrolled in undergraduate...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wheeler BL

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of single-session psychoeducational music therapy on verbalizations and perceptions in psychiatric patients.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to compare group-based psychoeducational music therapy to psychoeducation in measures of satisfaction with life, knowledge of illness, treatment perceptions, and response frequency and type in acute psychiatric inpatients during a randomized and controlled clinical trial. Participants (N=...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Silverman MJ

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing Active and Passive Distraction-Based Music Therapy Interventions on Preoperative Anxiety in Pediatric Patients and Their Caregivers.

    abstract:Background:Young children who experience high levels of preoperative anxiety often exhibit distress behaviors, experience more surgical complications, and are at a higher risk for developing a variety of negative postoperative consequences. A significant factor in pediatric preoperative anxiety is the level of anxiety ...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Millett CR,Gooding LF

    更新日期:2018-01-13 00:00:00

  • Active music engagement with emotional-approach coping to improve well-being in liver and kidney transplant recipients.

    abstract::Liver and kidney transplant recipients report elevated psychological distress following transplant in comparison to other types of organ transplant recipients. Negative affective states can lead to immune dysregulation and adverse health behaviors, and therefore may contribute to disease. In contrast, positive affecti...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghetti CM

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between type of degree and professional status in clinical music therapists.

    abstract::The purpose of this descriptive study was to: (a) examine the relationship between the construct, Type of Music Therapy Degree, and 5 other constructs: Job Satisfaction, Job Longevity, Level of Promotion, Job Responsibilities, and Geographical Location; and (b) explore the interrelationships among the 5 constructs oth...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen NS,Behrens GA

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Feminist music therapy pedagogy: a survey of music therapy educators.

    abstract::This study surveyed 188 music therapy educators regarding their views and use of feminist pedagogy and feminist music therapy. The purpose of this study was two-fold: (a) to determine how many music therapy educators used feminist pedagogy and (b) to determine if there was a relationship between the use of feminist pe...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hahna ND,Schwantes M

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Music assisted progressive muscle relaxation, progressive muscle relaxation, music listening, and silence: a comparison of relaxation techniques.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of music assisted progressive muscle relaxation (M + PMR), progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), music listening, and silence/suggestion on measures of anxiety and perceived relaxation. The study also examined participant responses to a posttreatment questionnaire to...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Robb SL

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • An analysis of music therapy program goals and outcomes for clients with diagnoses on the autism spectrum.

    abstract::The researchers analyzed data related to goals and outcomes over 2 program years for 40 music therapy clients, ranging in age from 2-49 years, with diagnoses on the autism spectrum. They investigated music therapy interventions, session types, and formats most frequently used; goals most frequently addressed; assessed...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaplan RS,Steele AL

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Participation of a preschooler with visual impairments on the playground: effects of musical adaptations and staff development.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adaptations of a playground, and subsequently staff development, on the participation of a 3-year-old boy with congenital blindness. A single-subject design with three conditions (baseline, adaptations of the playground, and staff development) was used. The playground adap...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Kern P,Wolery PhD M

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Influence of Background Music on Task Engagement in Frail, Older Persons in Residential Care.

    abstract::Colmery-O'Neil Veterans Affairs Medical CenterThe purpose of this study was to examine the effects of preferred background music on the engagement of residents of a nursing care facility in therapeutic recreation tasks. Eighteen subjects were assigned to one of two groups and both groups participated in a series of 12...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Otto D,Cochran V V,Johnson G,Clair AA

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of Social versus Musical Antecedents on Communication Responsiveness in Five Children with Developmental Disabilities.

    abstract::The present study involved a comparison of social versus musical antecedents on communication responsiveness in five children with developmental disabilities. During the social antecedent condition, the teacher presented opportunities for the children to greet, name objects, and request materials. In the musical antec...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braithwaite M,Sigafoos J

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Music Therapy Clinical Practice in Hospice: Differences Between Home and Nursing Home Delivery.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hospice music therapy is delivered in both homes and nursing homes (NH). No studies to date have explored differences in music therapy delivery between home and NH hospice patients. OBJECTIVE:To compare music therapy referral reasons and delivery for hospice patients living in NH versus home. METHODS:A ret...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu X,Burns DS,Hilliard RE,Stump TE,Unroe KT

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Predictive utility of the Computer-based Music Perception Assessment for Children (CMPAC).

    abstract::A Computer-based Music Perception Assessment for Children (CMPAC) was designed and administered to 49 children (31 elementary school children; 18 hospitalized children) for the purpose of field testing and standardization. CMPAC is conceptualized as an assessment tool that yields information important to music therapi...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waldon EG,Wolfe DE

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • An Emerging Theoretical Model of Music Therapy Student Development.

    abstract:Background:Music therapy students negotiate a complex relationship with music and its use in clinical work throughout their education and training. This distinct, pervasive, and evolving relationship suggests a developmental process unique to music therapy. Objective:The purpose of this grounded theory study was to cr...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dvorak AL,Hernandez-Ruiz E,Jang S,Kim B,Joseph M,Wells KE

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of preferred music on mood and performance in a high-cognitive demand occupation.

    abstract::Mild positive affect has been shown in the psychological literature to improve cognitive skills of creative problem-solving and systematic thinking. Individual preferred music listening offers opportunity for improved positive affect. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of preferred music listening on ...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lesiuk T

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • An analysis of music therapy student practicum behaviors and their relationship to clinical effectiveness: an exploratory investigation.

    abstract::The purpose of the present study was to investigate specific clinical behaviors exhibited by music therapy students in their 1st through 4th semesters of practicum. A secondary purpose of the study was to determine if a relationship exists between therapy students' behaviors and their assessed clinical success. Partic...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Darrow AA,Johnson CM,Ghetti CM,Achey CA,Cleveland Music School Settlement.

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • The relations between personality characteristics, work environment, and the professional well-being of music therapists.

    abstract::The purpose of this correlational study was to investigate the relations between professional well-being (as characterized by positive attitudes toward work and longevity as a practicing music therapist) and the following factors: age, level of education, income, attitudes regarding the workplace (e.g., perceived cont...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fowler KL

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Music therapy practicum practices: a survey of music therapy educators.

    abstract::Music therapy program directors were surveyed about various aspects of their music therapy practica. The survey addressed various aspects of the structure of the practicum, on-campus clinics, faculty supervision, videotaped supervision, and evaluation of practicum students. Responses were received from 38 educators fr...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wheeler BL

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Using microcomputer technology in music therapy for analyzing therapist and client behavior.

    abstract::A low-cost microcomputer was used to analyze systematically the behavioral interactions between a music therapist and a 55-year-old mentally retarded female. The microcomputer permitted the authors to determine quickly and cost effectively the effect of music therapy sessions on the client's behavior. The study demons...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hasselbring TS,Duffus NA

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Grounded theory in music therapy research.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Grounded theory is one of the most common methodologies used in constructivist (qualitative) music therapy research. Researchers use the term "grounded theory" when denoting varying research designs and theoretical outcomes. This may be challenging for novice researchers when considering whether grounded the...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: O'Callaghan C

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Core Themes in Music Therapy Clinical Improvisation: An Arts-Informed Qualitative Research Synthesis.

    abstract:Background:Although clinical improvisation continues to be an important focus of music therapy research and practice, less attention has been given to integrating qualitative research in this area. As a result, this knowledge base tends to be contained within specific areas of practice rather than integrated across pra...

    journal_title:Journal of music therapy

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meadows A,Wimpenny K

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00