Cluster of pulmonary blastomycosis in a rural community: evidence for multiple high-risk environmental foci following a sustained period of diminished precipitation.


:Much of our understanding of the epidemiologic features of infection with Blastomyces dermatitidis has come from cluster and outbreak investigations which have established the association of human disease with recreational pursuits and the presence of infectious microfoci in areas of moist soil with high organic content. This report describes the clustering of eight cases of pulmonary blastomycosis without an apparent common source exposure which occurred during a 90 day period in a 96 square mile area (population 4,450) within Oconto County, Wisconsin. We conclude that multiple high-risk environmental foci may have existed following a sustained five-year period of diminished precipitation in the cluster area. A case-control study which included family and community controls concluded that multiple earth-disturbing activities engaged in by case-patients was statistically associated with illness. Lymphocyte-proliferation assays of whole blood samples detected previously unrecognized infection with B. dermatititidis among five of 32 family controls.






Proctor ME,Klein BS,Jones JM,Davis JP





Has Abstract


2002-01-01 00:00:00












  • Antifungal Susceptibility Profile of Candida Albicans Isolated from Vulvovaginal Candidiasis in Xinjiang Province of China.

    abstract::We investigated the antifungal susceptibility profiles of 207 independent Candida albicans strains isolated from patients with vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) in Xinjiang Province of China. Using CLSI M27-A3 and M27-S4 guidelines, anidulafungin and micafungin were the most active drugs against C. albicans showing an MI...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yan L,Wang XD,Seyedmousavi S,Yuan JN,Abulize P,Pan WH,Yu N,Yang YL,Hu HQ,Liao WQ,Deng SW

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • In vitro susceptibility to fungicides by invertebrate-pathogenic and saprobic fungi.

    abstract::The effect of five fungicides, benomyl (1 mg/l), dodine (50 mg/l), manzate (100 mg/l), cupric sulphate (200 mg/l) and thiabendazole (4 mg/l) was tested under in vitro conditions on development of 15 isolates of fungi pathogenic for insects and other invertebrates (Beauveria brongniartii, Culicinomyces clavisporus, Dud...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luz C,Netto MC,Rocha LF

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Identification of a major xylanase from Aspergillus flavus as a 14-kD protein.

    abstract::Aspergillus flavus K49 secreted at least two xylanase activities when grown on a medium containing larch (wood) xylan as a sole carbon source. Enzyme activity was assayed using an agar medium containing Remazol Brilliant Blue R conjugated oat spelt xylan as substrate. Crude enzyme preparations were inhibited by Hg(+2)...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mellon JE,Cotty PJ,Callicott KA,Abbas H

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Association of anurans with pathogenic fungi.

    abstract::In a study of 450 Amazonian anurans, we isolated yeasts and yeast-like fungi from 54 animals (Bufo granulosus, B. marinus, Dendrophrynyscus sp., Hyla geographica, H. lanciformes, Ololygon rubra, Adenomera hylaedactyla, Eleutherodactylus fenestratus, Leptodactylus fuscus, L. ocellatus, L. pentadactylus). The internal o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mok WY,Morato de Carvalho C

    更新日期:1985-10-01 00:00:00

  • Histoplasma capsulatum sinusitis: case report and review.

    abstract::Histoplasma capsulatum has not typically been associated with sinusitis in either immunocompetent or immunocompromised hosts. We report a case of sinusitis caused by H. capsulatum in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and discuss the reported cases of this rare clinical manifestation of histoplasmosis in the ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Alves MD,Pinheiro L,Manica D,Fogliatto LM,Fraga C,Goldani LZ

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Digestion of killed Paracoccidioides brasiliensis by neutrophils.

    abstract::We previously described an in vitro assay showing that neutrophils (PMNs) from patients with paracoccidioidomycosis (PARA) have a specific digestive deficiency against suspensions of live Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. We now report that this defect is equally detectable against autoclaved, but not Amphotericin B-kill...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goihman-Yahr M,Rothenberg A,Bretaña A,Istúriz G,Rosquete R,Avila-Millán E,Viloria N,Saavedra de Borges N,Carrasquero M,Pérez de Fernández B

    更新日期:1989-04-01 00:00:00

  • Ecophysiological factors affecting growth, sporulation and survival of the biocontrol agent Penicillium oxalicum.

    abstract::The effect of temperature, pH, water potential and sources of nitrogen and carbon on the biocontrol agent Penicillium oxalicum were studied in vitro. The fungus is xerotolerant, mesophillic and has a wide pH tolerance. The parameters evaluated (germination, germ tube length, growth rate and sporulation) showed differe...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pascual S,Rico JR,De Cal A,Melgarejo P

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Tinea unguis caused by Nannizzia gypsea (+)].

    abstract::We describe a case of tinea unguis in a 20 year old female student from Caracas. The peri-ungual skin of a thumb appeared altered first and, since 6 months, the lamina was being progressively invaded and destroyed. At the direct mycologic examination numerous, regular and irregular, hyaline fungal hyphae were visible....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marcano C,Borelli D

    更新日期:1983-02-17 00:00:00

  • Toxigenic saprophytic fungi in marine shellfish farming areas.

    abstract::Toxigenic saprophytic fungi were isolated from samples of shellfish, sediment and seawater obtained from marine shellfish farming areas. The 456 strains identified included 12 different genera, with a clear predominance (68%) of Penicillium, Aspergillus, Trichoderma and Cladosporium. To assess the risk of poisoning du...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sallenave-Namont C,Pouchus YF,Robiou du Pont T,Lassus P,Verbist JF

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Isolation of scopoletin from leaves of Hevea brasiliensis and the effect of scopoletin on pathogens of H. brasiliensis.

    abstract::Scopoletin (7-hydroxy-6-methoxy coumarin) which inhibited the conidial germination of Corynespora cassiicola was isolated from the uninfected mature leaves of Hevea brasiliensis. Scopoletin was not detected in uninfected immature rubber leaves. The immature leaves produced scopoletin after being infected with C. cassi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silva WP,Deraniyagala SA,Wijesundera RL,Karunanayake EH,Priyanka UM

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Aspergillosis of the Heart and Lung and Review of Published Reports on Fungal Endocarditis.

    abstract::Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is increasingly diagnosed in high-risk patients. The lesions are usually located in the lungs and/or sinuses, and the fungus may spread haematogenously to different organs; however, involvement of the heart during IA is very rare. We describe a unique case of invasive aspergillosis of the h...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sulik-Tyszka B,Kacprzyk P,Mądry K,Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska B,Jędrzejczak W,Wróblewska M

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Paracoccidioidomycosis: apropos of 3 new Uruguayan cases].

    abstract::Three new Uruguayan paracoccidioidomycosis human cases are presented. Two of them correspond to the disseminated form with metastatic lesions at the oral mucosa; the remaining one, with important pulmonary bilateral lesions corresponds to the pure chronic pulmonary form of the disease which is recognized by the first ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asconeguy FR,Bonasse J,Calegari LF,Conti Díaz IA

    更新日期:1982-06-18 00:00:00

  • Production of a fungistatic substance by Pseudallescheria boydii isolated from soil amended with vegetable tissues and its significance.

    abstract::Four fungal isolates that were able to use vegetable tissues for multiplication in soil were isolated and identified as Pseudallescheria boydii based on morphological characteristics and ITS sequence similarity. When grown in broth prepared from the same vegetable tissues used in soil amendment, all these isolates of ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ko WH,Tsou YJ,Ju YM,Hsieh HM,Ann PJ

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of Commercially Available Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assays for the Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis in Patients with Haematological Malignancies.

    abstract::Early diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a challenge. Non-specific clinical and radiologic findings, as well as difficulties in conventional diagnostic method application, may delay correct diagnosis. Nowadays, nucleic acid-based assays have reduced the need for conventional antigen detection and culture-base...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Erman-Daloglu A,Ozhak B,Salim O,Turhan O,Ongut G,Gunseren F,Colak D,Ogunc D

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • First report of Albizia lebbeck dieback caused by Scytalidium dimidiatum in Oman.

    abstract::Over 200 Albizia lebbeck trees at Sultan Qaboos University campus wilted and died. The symptoms were dieback of large branches due to infection by Scytalidium dimidiatum. The fungus has also infected Ficus benghalensis, F. carica, F. retusa, Thespesia populnea, Delonix regia and Peltophorum petrocarpum. This is the fi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elshafie AE,Ba-Omar T

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fungal Keratitis Caused by Colletotrichum dematium: Case Study and Review.

    abstract::Colletotrichum species are known as important pathogens of plants with an impact on crop production. Some of these species are also known as a cause of rare ophthalmic infections in humans. A case of keratitis caused by Colletotrichum dematium after corneal trauma in a 56-year-old woman is presented. Infection was dia...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buchta V,Nekolová J,Jirásková N,Bolehovská R,Wipler J,Hubka V

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Distribution of Species of Dermatophyte Among Patients at a Dermatology Centre of Nghean Province, Vietnam, 2015-2016.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Vietnam is a tropical country so fungal diseases including dermatophytosis may be prevalent, but epidemiological profiles of agents responsible for the infection have rarely been reported. OBJECTIVE:To find out the distribution of dermatophytes among patients living in a central province of Vietnam. METH...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Do NA,Nguyen TD,Nguyen KL,Le TA

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Primary cutaneous mucormycosis in a patient with burn wounds due to Lichtheimia ramosa.

    abstract::Mucormycosis is usually an invasive mycotic disease caused by fungi in the class mucormycetes. Here we report a case of cutaneous mucormycosis due to Lichtheimia ramosa in a 20-year-old female patient with burn injuries. She was admitted to the hospital with accidental flame burns covering 60 % total burn surface area...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaur R,Bala K,Ahuja RB,Srivastav P,Bansal U

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Seasonal Variation in Frequency of Isolation of Ophiosphaerella korrae from Bermudagrass Roots in Mississippi and Pathogenicity and Optimal Growth of Selected Isolates.

    abstract::Isolation frequency of Ophiosphaerella korrae (spring dead spot pathogen) from Cynodon dactylon (bermudagrass) roots at a golf course near West Point, Mississippi, was monitored over a 3-year investigation. Laboratory and greenhouse experiments were conducted to determine optimal temperatures for the growth of selecte...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perry DH,Tomaso-Peterson M,Baird R

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Immunodiffusion test for diagnosing human pythiosis.

    abstract::An immunodiffusion test was developed for diagnosing subcutaneous and systemic pythiosis in humans. When culture filtrate antigen (CFA) from P. insidiosum was reacted against patient and rabbit antisera, 1-5 precipitin bands occurred both in patient and rabbit antisera, and a line of identity also occurred between pat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Imwidthaya P,Srimuang S

    更新日期:1989-05-01 00:00:00

  • Development toxicity of fumonisin in Syrian hamsters.

    abstract::The effects of fumonisin on development of Syrian hamster fetuses were studied using fumonisin B1 and B2 extracted from Fusarium moniliforme corn-culture and purified fumonisin B1. A significant increase in litters with fetal deaths occurred with the high doses of purified (18 mg FB1/kg) and culture-extracted (18 mg F...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Floss JL,Casteel SW,Johnson GC,Rottinghaus GE,Krause GF

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • First isolation of Prototheca species in Spain.

    abstract::One-hundred forty samples of waste water were studied in search of algae of the genus Prototheca, that are potentially pathogenic to man. The samples were taken from collector outlets opening onto the Guadelquivir River. Nineteen cultures of Prototheca were isolated and identified as P. wickerhamii 9, P. zopffi 8 and ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Casal M,Solis F

    更新日期:1981-04-10 00:00:00

  • Influence of plant root exudates, germ tube orientation and passive conidia transport on biological control of fusarium wilt by strains of nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum.

    abstract::In earlier studies, biological control of Fusarium wilt of cucumber induced by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum was demonstrated using nonpathogenic strains C5 and C14 of Fusarium oxysporum. Strain C14 induced resistance and competed for infection sites whether roots were wounded or intact, whereas strain C5 requ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mandeel QA

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • The role of fractions from Paracoccidioides brasiliensis in the genesis of inflammatory response.

    abstract::The influx of inflammatory cells towards the peritoneal cavity in rats inoculated intraperitoneally with subcellular preparations of the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis was studied. In addition to the dead fungus, also fractions F1 of the cell wall, which mainly consisted of polysaccharides and the lipid extract,...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alves LM,Figueiredo F,Brandão Filho SL,Tincani I,Silva CL

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • The isolation of keratinophilic fungi from soils in Israel. A preliminary report.

    abstract::One hundred and fourteen soil samples collected from various areas of Israel were screened for the presence of keratinophilic fungi. Five species were isolated from the 59 positive samples, viz: C. keratinophilum--22 strains, C. evolceanui--18, C. serratus Eidam--10, M. gypseum--T. terrestre--4. Most of the geophilic ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feuerman E,Alteras I,Hönig E,Lehrer N

    更新日期:1975-07-30 00:00:00

  • In vitro activities of caspofungin, amphotericin B and azoles against Coccidioides posadasii strains from Northeast, Brazil.

    abstract::Coccidioidomycosis is a systemic infection caused by the soil-dwelling dimorphic fungi Coccidioides spp. The disease is endemic in semiarid Northeast Brazil, where it is caused by C. posadasii. The aim of this study was to perform antifungal susceptibility tests of clinical and environmental strains of C. posadasii fr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cordeiro RA,Brilhante RS,Rocha MF,Fechine MA,Costa AK,Camargo ZP,Sidrim JJ

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Oral Candida Mannan Concentrations Correlate with Symptoms/Signs of Ill Health and the Immune Status.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A relationship has been proposed between increases in oral Candida concentrations and host immunity. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the relationship between oral Candida mannan concentrations and symptoms/signs of ill health and the immune status and also to examine whether health/...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hakoyama Y,Yamada SI,Nishimaki F,Hayashi K,Koizumi T,Kurita H

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Studies on oil palm trunks as sources of infection in the field.

    abstract::Diseases of oil palm caused by Ganoderma boninense are of major economic importance in much of South-East Asia. This paper describes results from an ongoing field trial concerning the spread of the pathogen from artificially inoculated trunks used to simulate spread from windrowed trunks. Three planting distances for ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flood J,Keenan L,Wayne S,Hasan Y

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Susceptibility of clinical isolates of yeasts to anti-fungal agents.

    abstract::The antimicrobial activity of amphotericin B, 5-fluorocytosine, nystatin, clotrimazole and miconazole were compared in vitro against 244 strains of yeasts that had been isolated from clinical specimens. The yeasts used in this study included 20 species of Candida, Cryptococcus, Saccharomyces Geotrichum, Rhodotorula, T...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hussain Qadri SM,Flournoy DJ,Qadri SG,Ramirez EG

    更新日期:1986-09-01 00:00:00

  • Tinea capitis in the paediatric population in Milan, Italy: the emergence of Trichophyton violaceum.

    abstract::Tinea capitis (TC) is the most common type of dermatophytosis in children. The epidemiology of TC depends on the geographical areas, and it changes over time. The aim of the study is to determine the incidence of TC and to identify the causative species in children observed at Dermatology Outpatient Department of the ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mapelli ET,Cerri A,Bombonato C,Menni S

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00