Pyramiding Mn-superoxide dismutase transgenes to improve persistence and biomass production in alfalfa.

Abstract:

:Expression of individual superoxide dismutase (SOD) transgenes improves environmental stress tolerance and biomass production in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that synergy exists between transgenic SOD stress-tolerance mechanisms, specifically that the simultaneous expression of two SOD transgenes confers greater benefit than the expression of a single SOD transgene. The hypothesis was tested through an evaluation of an F(1) family generated through a sexual cross of a hemizygous Mit-MnSOD plant and a hemizygous Chl-MnSOD-transgenic alfalfa plant which had previously been screened in field trials for improved persistence. Southern analyses revealed that the parents each had single insertion regions of the MnSOD cDNA and the inheritance followed the expected Mendelian ratios. Native PAGE gels and enzyme inhibition assays revealed the activity of the transgenic MnSOD isozymes. F(1) progeny containing either the Mit-MnSOD or the Chl-MnSOD transgene had significantly higher storage organ (crown+root) biomass compared to non-transgenic siblings. The joint expression of the transgenes resulted in a numerical increase in total SOD activity. However, F(1) progeny containing both transgenes had lower shoot and storage organ biomass compared to siblings having only one or the other transgene, a result that did not support the authors' hypothesis. It was postulated that a promoter with lower expression than 35S may be necessary if closely related transgenes are to be pyramided in the same plant.

journal_name

J Exp Bot

authors

Samis K,Bowley S,McKersie B

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-05-01 00:00:00

pages

1343-50

issue

372

eissn

0022-0957

issn

1460-2431

journal_volume

53

pub_type

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