The Therapeutic Community: A Unique Social Psychological Approach to the Treatment of Addictions and Related Disorders.


:The evolution of the contemporary Therapeutic Community (TC) for addictions over the past 50 years may be characterized as a movement from the marginal to the mainstream of substance abuse treatment and human services. TCs currently serve a wide array of clients and their diverse problems; through advances in research in treatment outcomes, the composition of staff has been reshaped, the duration of residential treatment has been reduced, the treatment goals have been reset and, to a considerable extent, the approach of therapy itself has been modified. An overview of the TC as a distinct social-psychological method for treating addiction and related disorders is provided by this paper. Included in this is a focus on the multifaceted psychological wounds that consistently show a strong association with addiction and thereby require initiating a recovery process characterized by life-style and identity changes.


Front Psychiatry


Frontiers in psychiatry


De Leon G,Unterrainer HF




Has Abstract


2020-08-06 00:00:00








  • Freedom Restrictive Coercive Measures in Forensic Psychiatry.

    abstract::Background: In Germany, people suffering from severe mental illness who have committed serious offenses and have considerably reduced or suspended criminal responsibility can be detained and treated in forensic psychiatric hospitals. In the German federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg, all psychiatric hospitals includin...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flammer E,Frank U,Steinert T

    更新日期:2020-03-05 00:00:00

  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein and Apolipoprotein E Expression is Altered in Schizophrenia.

    abstract::Our recent microarray study reported altered mRNA expression of several low density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins (LRP) associated with the first 4 years following diagnosis with schizophrenia. Whilst this finding is novel, apolipoprotein E (APOE), which mediates its activity through LRPs, has been reported by...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gibbons AS,Thomas EA,Scarr E,Dean B

    更新日期:2010-07-08 00:00:00

  • Peripheral Immune Alterations in Major Depression: The Role of Subtypes and Pathogenetic Characteristics.

    abstract::Depression has been associated with peripheral inflammatory processes and alterations in cellular immunity. Growing evidence suggests that immunological alterations may neither be necessary nor sufficient to induce depression in general, but seem to be associated with specific features. Using baseline data from the Ou...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Euteneuer F,Dannehl K,Del Rey A,Engler H,Schedlowski M,Rief W

    更新日期:2017-11-23 00:00:00

  • Efficacy and Acceptability of Interventions for Attenuated Positive Psychotic Symptoms in Individuals at Clinical High Risk of Psychosis: A Network Meta-Analysis.

    abstract::Background: Attenuated positive psychotic symptoms represent the defining features of the clinical high-risk for psychosis (CHR-P) criteria. The effectiveness of each available treatment for reducing attenuated positive psychotic symptoms remains undetermined. This network meta-analysis (NMA) investigates the consiste...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davies C,Radua J,Cipriani A,Stahl D,Provenzani U,McGuire P,Fusar-Poli P

    更新日期:2018-06-12 00:00:00

  • Overexpression of Adenosine A2A Receptors in Rats: Effects on Depression, Locomotion, and Anxiety.

    abstract::Adenosine A2A receptors (A2AR) are a sub-type of receptors enriched in basal ganglia, activated by the neuromodulator adenosine, which interact with dopamine D2 receptors. Although this reciprocal antagonistic interaction is well-established in motor function, the outcome in dopamine-related behaviors remains uncertai...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coelho JE,Alves P,Canas PM,Valadas JS,Shmidt T,Batalha VL,Ferreira DG,Ribeiro JA,Bader M,Cunha RA,do Couto FS,Lopes LV

    更新日期:2014-06-13 00:00:00

  • Self and the Brain. The Immune Metaphor.

    abstract::One of the fundamental questions in neuroscience is how brain activity relates to conscious experience. Even though self-consciousness is considered an emergent property of the brain network, a quantum physics-based theory assigns a momentum of consciousness to the single neuron level. In this work, we present a brain...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sánchez-Ramón S,Faure F

    更新日期:2020-09-29 00:00:00

  • Preliminary Indications That First Semester Students From Academic Households Exhibit Higher Hair Cortisol Concentrations Than Their Peers From Nonacademic Households.

    abstract::Previous research has extensively addressed social disparity in education using certain aspects, including the stress differences between students from nonacademic families and those from academic families during the transition from secondary school to a university. However, this issue has not yet been fully understoo...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bertrams A,Minkley N

    更新日期:2020-06-24 00:00:00

  • A Review of Impaired Neuroplasticity in Schizophrenia Investigated with Non-invasive Brain Stimulation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Several lines of evidence implicate dysfunctional neuronal plasticity in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). Aberrant glutamatergic and gamma amino--butyric acid neurotransmission are thought to underlie core cognitive deficits and negative symptoms of SCZ. Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) allow...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bhandari A,Voineskos D,Daskalakis ZJ,Rajji TK,Blumberger DM

    更新日期:2016-03-29 00:00:00

  • Mental Health Symptoms and Work-Related Stressors in Hospital Midwives and NICU Nurses: A Mixed Methods Study.

    abstract::Hospital midwives and neonatal intensive care (NICU) nurses frequently encounter work-related stressors and are therefore vulnerable to developing mental health problems, such as secondary traumatic stress, burnout, anxiety, and depression. However, so far, the exact nature of these work-related stressors (traumatic v...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Favrod C,Jan du Chêne L,Martin Soelch C,Garthus-Niegel S,Tolsa JF,Legault F,Briet V,Horsch A

    更新日期:2018-08-20 00:00:00

  • Dare to delay? The impacts of adolescent alcohol and marijuana use onset on cognition, brain structure, and function.

    abstract::Throughout the world, drug and alcohol use has a clear adolescent onset (Degenhardt et al., 2008). Alcohol continues to be the most popular drug among teens and emerging adults, with almost a third of 12th graders and 40% of college students reporting recent binge drinking (Johnston et al., 2009, 2010), and marijuana ...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lisdahl KM,Gilbart ER,Wright NE,Shollenbarger S

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Impaired Facial Emotion Recognition in Individuals at Ultra-High Risk for Psychosis and Associations With Schizotypy and Paranoia Level.

    abstract:Background:Patients with schizophrenia and individuals at ultra-high risk for psychosis (UHR) have been reported to exhibit impaired recognition of facial emotion expressions. This impairment has involved both inaccuracy and negative bias of facial emotion recognition. The present study aimed to investigate whether UHR...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seo E,Park HY,Park K,Koo SJ,Lee SY,Min JE,Lee E,An SK

    更新日期:2020-06-26 00:00:00

  • Altered Global Brain Functional Connectivity in Drug-Naive Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

    abstract::Abnormal functional connectivity (FC) within discrete brain networks is involved in the pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with inconsistent results. In the present study, we investigated the FC patterns of 40 drug-naive patients with OCD and 38 healthy controls (HCs) through an unbiased voxel-wise...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cui G,Ou Y,Chen Y,Lv D,Jia C,Zhong Z,Yang R,Wang Y,Meng X,Cui H,Li C,Sun Z,Wang X,Guo W,Li P

    更新日期:2020-03-03 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological modulation of the short-lasting effects of antagonistic direct current-stimulation over the human motor cortex.

    abstract::Combined administration of transcranial direct current-stimulation (tDCS) with either pergolide (PER) or d-cycloserine (d-CYC) can prolong the excitability-diminishing effects of cathodal, or the excitability enhancing effect of anodal stimulation for up to 24 h poststimulation. However, it remains unclear whether the...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chaieb L,Antal A,Terney D,Paulus W

    更新日期:2012-07-05 00:00:00

  • Decision-Making Under Risk, but Not Under Ambiguity, Predicts Pathological Gambling in Discrete Types of Abstinent Substance Users.

    abstract::This study explored how different forms of reward-based decision-making are associated with pathological gambling (PG) among abstinent individuals with prior dependence on different classes of drugs. Participants had lifetime histories of either "pure" heroin dependence (n = 64), "pure" amphetamine dependence (n = 51)...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson MJ,Vassileva J

    更新日期:2018-06-05 00:00:00

  • Reliving, Replaying Lived Experiences Through Auditory Verbal Hallucinations: Implications on Theories and Management.

    abstract::Objective: This study aims to understand the impact of negative life experience (NLE) in auditory hallucinations (AHs) and explain the heterogeneity in phenomenology of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs). Method: In depth interviews were conducted with 21 individuals (7 males and 14 females) experiencing AHs and ac...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vallath S,Luhrmann T,Bunders J,Ravikant L,Gopikumar V

    更新日期:2018-10-30 00:00:00

  • Impact of Substance Use Disorder Pharmacotherapy on Executive Function: A Narrative Review.

    abstract::Substance use disorders are chronic, relapsing, and harmful conditions characterized by executive dysfunction. While there are currently no approved pharmacotherapy options for stimulant and cannabis use disorders, there are several evidence-based options available to help reduce symptoms during detoxification and aid...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Butler K,Le Foll B

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Diminished Health Returns of Educational Attainment Among Immigrant Adults in the United States.

    abstract::Objectives: Marginalization-related diminished returns (MDRs) refer to weaker health effects of educational attainment for socially marginalized groups compared to the socially privileged groups. Most of the existing literature on MDRs, however, has focused on marginalization due to race, ethnicity, and sexual orienta...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Assari S,Cobb S,Cuevas AG,Bazargan M

    更新日期:2020-11-27 00:00:00

  • The BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism Has No Effect on Encoding-Related Hippocampal Response But Influences Recall in Remitted Patients With Bipolar Disorder.

    abstract::Background: Cognitive impairments in bipolar disorder (BD) such as memory deficits are associated with poor functional outcomes and it has been suggested that the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met polymorphism contributes to individual variability in memory function in BD. The current study investigate...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hørlyck LD,Macoveanu J,Vinberg M,Kessing LV,Siebner HR,Miskowiak KW

    更新日期:2019-12-06 00:00:00

  • IPS in Supported Housing: Fidelity and Employment Outcomes Over a 4 Year Period.

    abstract::Background: People with severe mental illness have difficulties finding and maintaining competitive employment. This is particularly so for those living in supported housing who, by definition, have significant day-to-day support needs: in the Netherlands only 3 to 5% of people with serious mental health problems who ...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roeg D,de Winter L,Bergmans C,Couwenbergh C,McPherson P,Killaspy H,van Weeghel J

    更新日期:2021-01-14 00:00:00

  • Antecedents of Public Mental Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Mediation of Pandemic-Related Knowledge and Self-Efficacy and Moderation of Risk Level.

    abstract::Background: COVID-19 affects not only patients' physical health but also their mental health. For the general public, although their physical health may not be directly affected, their mental health may be affected by stress, anxiety, and social panic caused by COVID-19. Controlling the pandemic should focus on not on...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang S,Feng K,Zhang Y,Liu J,Wang W,Li Y

    更新日期:2020-11-12 00:00:00

  • Anti-Suicide Function of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in Female Inpatient Adolescents.

    abstract:Background:There have been numerous studies investigating the relationship between nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality. On the one side, NSSI is an important risk factor for suicidality, including suicidal thoughts and behaviors. On the other side, it has been suggested that one function of NSSI might be as ...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kraus L,Schmid M,In-Albon T

    更新日期:2020-06-03 00:00:00

  • Associations Between Anxiety, Body Mass Index, and Sex Hormones in Women.

    abstract::Background: Several studies have shown a positive association between anxiety and obesity, particularly in women. We aimed to study whether sex hormone alterations related to obesity might play a role in this association. Patients and methods: Data for this study were obtained from a population-based cohort study (the...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stanikova D,Luck T,Pabst A,Bae YJ,Hinz A,Glaesmer H,Stanik J,Sacher J,Engel C,Enzenbach C,Wirkner K,Ceglarek U,Thiery J,Kratzsch J,Riedel-Heller SG

    更新日期:2019-07-04 00:00:00

  • Atherogenic Lipid Ratios Related to Myeloperoxidase and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Psychotic Disorders.

    abstract:Background:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of premature death in patients with psychotic disorders, where dyslipidemia occurs frequently. In the pathogenesis of these serious mental disorders, a low-grade inflammation seems to be a possible contributor. Concurrently, systemic inflammation and its interpla...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reponen EJ,Dieset I,Tesli M,Mørch RH,Aas M,Vedal TSJ,Haug E,Drange OK,Steen NE,Hope S,Szabo A,Gohar SM,Wedervang-Resell K,Djurovic S,Melle I,Aukrust P,Andreassen OA,Ueland T

    更新日期:2020-07-10 00:00:00

  • Cerebellar Contributions to Major Depression.

    abstract::Extending beyond the motor domain, the cerebellum is involved in various aspects of cognition and affect. Multidisciplinary evidence has demonstrated topographic organization of higher-order cognitive functions within the cerebellum. We here review recent neuroimaging research that indicates cerebellar contributions t...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Depping MS,Schmitgen MM,Kubera KM,Wolf RC

    更新日期:2018-11-29 00:00:00

  • Resilience as a Mediator Between Interpersonal Risk Factors and Hopelessness in Depression.

    abstract::Several studies investigated the role of resilience as a mediating factor for psychopathological phenotypes. The aim of the current study is to explore the putative role of resilience as a mediator between different vulnerability factors and depressive symptoms. One hundred and fifty patients with a major depressive d...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collazzoni A,Stratta P,Pacitti F,Rossi A,Santarelli V,Bustini M,Talevi D,Socci V,Rossi R

    更新日期:2020-02-28 00:00:00

  • Association Analysis of Neuronal Nitric Oxide Synthase 1 Gene Polymorphism With Psychopathological Symptoms in Chronic Ketamine Users.

    abstract::Objective: We previously found that chronic ketamine usages were associated with various psychotic and cognitive symptoms mimicking schizophrenia. The blockade of the NMDA receptor and subsequent nitric oxide synthase 1 (NOS1) dysfunction were found to be closely correlated with schizophrenia including NOS1 gene polym...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen J,Zhang M,Zhou C,Ding Y,Fan N,He H

    更新日期:2020-12-23 00:00:00

  • Supporting Female Survivors of Gender-Based Violence Experiencing Homelessness: Outcomes of a Health Promotion Psychoeducation Group Intervention.

    abstract::Homelessness is an important risk factor for gender-based violence (GBV), particularly among youth, and disproportionally affects women and girls. Survivors of GBV experience enduring and severe physical, psychological, and sexual health problems. Although key elements in service delivery for survivors of GBV have bee...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bani-Fatemi A,Malta M,Noble A,Wang W,Rajakulendran T,Kahan D,Stergiopoulos V

    更新日期:2020-12-09 00:00:00

  • Consumer Perspectives of Safewards Impact in Acute Inpatient Mental Health Wards in Victoria, Australia.

    abstract::Background: Inpatient mental health wards are reported by many consumers to be custodial, unsafe, and lacking in therapeutic relationships. These consumer experiences are concerning, given international policy directives requiring recovery-oriented practice. Safewards is both a model and a suite of interventions desig...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fletcher J,Buchanan-Hagen S,Brophy L,Kinner SA,Hamilton B

    更新日期:2019-07-09 00:00:00

  • Pupillometric assessment of sleepiness in narcolepsy.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Excessive daytime sleepiness is highly prevalent in the general population, is the hallmark of narcolepsy, and is linked to significant morbidity. Clinical assessment of sleepiness remains challenging and the common objective multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) and subjective Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) metho...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prasad B,Choi YK,Weaver TE,Carley DW

    更新日期:2011-06-07 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and Correlates of Psychiatric Symptoms in Minimally Verbal Children and Adolescents With ASD.

    abstract::Despite many studies documenting the prevalence of various co-occurring psychiatric symptoms in children and adults with ASD, less is known about how these symptoms relate to subtypes defined by particular phenotypic features within the ASD population. We examined the severity and prevalence of comorbid symptoms of ps...

    journal_title:Frontiers in psychiatry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plesa Skwerer D,Joseph RM,Eggleston B,Meyer SR,Tager-Flusberg H

    更新日期:2019-02-18 00:00:00