The Efficacy of Ultrasound-Guided Pulsed Radiofrequency of Genicular Nerves in the Treatment of Chronic Knee Pain Due to Severe Degenerative Disease or Previous Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Abstract:

:BACKGROUND Pulsed radiofrequency of genicular nerves in the management of osteoarthritis related chronic knee pain has recently become a promising treatment. Ultrasonography has replaced fluoroscopic guidance in pain medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ultrasound-guided genicular pulsed radiofrequency on knee pain and function in patients who had severe knee osteoarthritis or who had previous knee arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS The retrospective study included a total of 23 patients with chronic knee pain, of which 17 patients were included in Group I (non-operated), and 6 patients were included in Group II (post-arthroplasty). Treatment was based on ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency of the superior medial, superior lateral, and inferior medial genicular nerves. The Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis (WOMAC) scores were assessed before treatment, and at 3 weeks and at 3 months following the procedure. RESULTS Pulsed radiofrequency of the genicular nerves significantly reduced perceived pain and disability in the majority of the patients. The proportion of the patients with improvement of ≥50% in pretreatment VAS scores at 3 weeks and 3 months following treatment were 14 out of 17 patients (82%) and 15 out of 17 patients (88%) in Group 1, and 4 out of 6 patients (67%), 4 out of 6 patients (67%) in Group 2, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Our study results suggest that ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency of genicular nerves is a safe and minimally invasive procedure that significantly alleviates pain and disability in patients with severe degenerative disease or with previous knee arthroplasty.

journal_name

Med Sci Monit

authors

Erdem Y,Sir E

doi

10.12659/MSM.915359

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-03-12 00:00:00

pages

1857-1863

eissn

1234-1010

issn

1643-3750

pii

915359

journal_volume

25

pub_type

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