Host mRNA decay proteins influence HIV-1 replication and viral gene expression in primary monocyte-derived macrophages.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Mammalian cells harbour RNA quality control and degradative machineries such as nonsense-mediated mRNA decay that target cellular mRNAs for clearance from the cell to avoid aberrant gene expression. The role of the host mRNA decay pathways in macrophages in the context of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection is yet to be elucidated. Macrophages are directly infected by HIV-1, mediate the dissemination of the virus and contribute to the chronic activation of the inflammatory response observed in infected individuals. Therefore, we characterized the effects of four host mRNA decay proteins, i.e., UPF1, UPF2, SMG6 and Staufen1, on viral replication in HIV-1-infected primary monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs). RESULTS:Steady-state expression levels of these host mRNA decay proteins were significantly downregulated in HIV-1-infected MDMs. Moreover, UPF2 and SMG6 inhibited HIV-1 gene expression in macrophages to a similar level achieved by SAMHD1, by directly influencing viral genomic RNA levels. Staufen1, a host protein also involved in UPF1-dependent mRNA decay and that acts at several HIV-1 replication steps, enhanced HIV-1 gene expression in MDMs. CONCLUSIONS:These results provide new evidence for roles of host mRNA decay proteins in regulating HIV-1 replication in infected macrophages and can serve as potential targets for broad-spectrum antiviral therapeutics.

journal_name

Retrovirology

journal_title

Retrovirology

authors

Rao S,Amorim R,Niu M,Breton Y,Tremblay MJ,Mouland AJ

doi

10.1186/s12977-019-0465-2

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-07 00:00:00

pages

3

issue

1

issn

1742-4690

pii

10.1186/s12977-019-0465-2

journal_volume

16

pub_type

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