Integrated seroprevalence-based assessment of Wuchereria bancrofti and Onchocerca volvulus in two lymphatic filariasis evaluation units of Mali with the SD Bioline Onchocerciasis/LF IgG4 Rapid Test.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Mali has become increasingly interested in the evaluation of transmission of both Wuchereria bancrofti and Onchocerca volvulus as prevalences of both infections move toward their respective elimination targets. The SD Bioline Onchocerciasis/LF IgG4 Rapid Test was used in 2 evaluation units (EU) to assess its performance as an integrated surveillance tool for elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF) and onchocerciasis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:A cross sectional survey with SD Bioline Onchocerciasis/LF IgG4 Rapid Test was piggy-backed onto a transmission assessment survey (TAS) (using the immunochromatographic card test (ICT) Binax Filariasis Now test for filarial adult circulating antigen (CFA) detection) for LF in Mali among 6-7 year old children in 2016 as part of the TAS in two EUs namely Kadiolo-Kolondieba in the region of Sikasso and Bafoulabe -Kita-Oussoubidiagna-Yelimane in the region of Kayes. In the EU of Kadiolo- Kolondieba, of the 1,625 children tested, the overall prevalence of W. bancrofti CFA was 0.62% (10/1,625) [CI = 0.31-1.09]; while that of IgG4 to Wb123 was 0.19% (3/1,600) [CI = 0.04-0.50]. The number of positives tested with the two tests were statistically comparable (p = 0.09). In the EU of Bafoulabe-Kita-Oussoubidiagna-Yelimane, an overall prevalence of W. bancrofti CFA was 0% (0/1,700) and that of Wb123 IgG4 antibody was 0.06% (1/1,700), with no statistically significant difference between the two rates (p = 0.99). In the EU of Kadiolo- Kolondieba, the prevalence of Ov16-specific IgG4 was 0.19% (3/1,600) [CI = 0.04-0.50]. All 3 positives were in the previously O. volvulus-hyperendemic district of Kolondieba. In the EU of Bafoulabe-Kita-Oussoubidiagna-Yelimane, an overall prevalence of Ov16-specific IgG4 was 0.18% (3/1,700) [CI = 0.04-0.47]. These 3 Ov16 IgG4 positives were from previously O.volvulus-mesoendemic district of Kita. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:The SD Bioline Onchocerciasis/LF IgG4 Rapid test appears to be a good tool for integrated exposure measures of LF and onchocerciasis in co-endemic areas.

journal_name

PLoS Negl Trop Dis

authors

Dolo H,Coulibaly YI,Dembele B,Guindo B,Coulibaly SY,Dicko I,Doumbia SS,Dembele M,Traore MO,Goita S,Dolo M,Soumaoro L,Coulibaly ME,Diallo AA,Diarra D,Zhang Y,Colebunders R,Nutman TB

doi

10.1371/journal.pntd.0007064

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-01-30 00:00:00

pages

e0007064

issue

1

eissn

1935-2727

issn

1935-2735

pii

PNTD-D-18-01466

journal_volume

13

pub_type

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