Update of inflammatory proliferative retinopathy: Ischemia, hypoxia and angiogenesis.

Abstract:

:Diabetic retinopathy (DR) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) present two examples of proliferative retinopathy, characterized by the same stages of progression; ischemia of the retinal vessels, leads to hypoxia and to correct the problem there is the setting up of uncontrolled angiogenesis, which subsequently causes blindness or even detachment of the retina. The difference is the following; that DR initiated by the metabolic complications that are due to hyperglycemia, and ROP is induced by overexposure of the neonatal retina to oxygen. In this review, we will demonstrate the physiopathological mechanism of the two forms of proliferative retinopathy DR and ROP, in particular the role of the CD40/CD40L axis and IL-1 on vascular complications and onset of inflammation of the retina, the implications of their effects on the onset of pathogenic angiogenesis, thus understanding the link between platelets and retinal ischemia. In addition, what are the therapeutic targets that could slow its progression?

journal_name

Curr Res Transl Med

authors

Aouiss A,Anka Idrissi D,Kabine M,Zaid Y

doi

10.1016/j.retram.2019.01.005

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-05-01 00:00:00

pages

62-71

issue

2

issn

2452-3186

pii

S2452-3186(19)30005-4

journal_volume

67

pub_type

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