MiR-652-3p inhibition enhances endothelial repair and reduces atherosclerosis by promoting Cyclin D2 expression.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Atherosclerosis is a hyperlipidemia-induced condition affecting the arterial wall that damages healthy endothelial cell (EC) function, leading to enhanced risk of atherothrombotic events. Certain microRNAs regulate EC dysfunction in response to hyperlipidemia and may be suitable therapeutic targets to combat atherosclerosis. METHODS:miRNA expression in human ECs was analyzed under various conditions to identify key microRNAs. High-cholesterol diet (HCD)-fed Mir652-/-Apoe-/- (Mir652-/-) mice and matching Mir652+/+Apoe-/- (Mir652+/+) mice were subjected to carotid injury to analyze the effects of miR-652 knockdown on endothelial repair. In silico analysis followed by in vitro and in vivo experiments were applied to identify miR-652's target gene Ccnd2 and investigate the pair's effects on ECs. miR-652-5p and miR-652-3p antagomir therapies were tested in Mir652+/+ mice under normal and HCD diet to assess their effect on endothelial repair. FINDINGS:miR-652-3p, which is upregulated in human and murine atherosclerotic plaques, suppresses expression of the endothelial repair gene Ccnd2, thereby enhancing atherosclerotic lesion formation. Post-denudation recovery of ECs was promoted in Mir652-/- mice due to enhanced EC proliferation attributable to de-repression of miR-652-3p's (but not miR-652-5p's) regulation of Ccnd2 expression. Under hyperlipidemic conditions at non-predilection sites, miR-652-3p produces anti-proliferative effects in ECs, such that Mir652-/- mice display reduced atherosclerotic progression. In contrast, neither miR-652-3p nor Ccnd2 displayed significant effects on the endothelium at predilection sites or under disturbed flow conditions. Administration of a miR-652-3p antagomir rescued the proliferation of ECs in vivo, thereby limiting atherosclerotic development. INTERPRETATION:miR-652-3p blockade may be a potential therapeutic strategy against atherosclerosis.

journal_name

EBioMedicine

journal_title

EBioMedicine

authors

Huang R,Hu Z,Cao Y,Li H,Zhang H,Su W,Xu Y,Liang L,Melgiri ND,Jiang L

doi

10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.01.032

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-01 00:00:00

pages

685-694

issn

2352-3964

pii

S2352-3964(19)30037-4

journal_volume

40

pub_type

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