Sex Bias in Asthma Prevalence and Pathogenesis.

Abstract:

:Sex-related differences in asthma prevalence are well established and change through the reproductive phases of life. As children, boys have increased prevalence of asthma compared to girls. However, as adults, women have increased prevalence of asthma compared to men. Many factors, including genetics, environment, immunological responses, and sex hormones, affect the sex disparity associated with the development and control of asthma and other allergic diseases. Fluctuations of hormones during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, alter asthma symptoms and severity. In this article, we review clinical and epidemiological studies that examined the sex disparity in asthma and other allergic diseases as well as the role of sex hormones on asthma pathogenesis.

journal_name

Front Immunol

journal_title

Frontiers in immunology

authors

Shah R,Newcomb DC

doi

10.3389/fimmu.2018.02997

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-12-18 00:00:00

pages

2997

issn

1664-3224

journal_volume

9

pub_type

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