Blood-Derived Plasma Protein Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease in Han Chinese.

Abstract:

:It is well known that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common progressive neurodegenerative diseases; it begins gradually, and therefore no effective medicine is administered in the beginning. Thus, early diagnosis and prevention of AD are crucial. The present study focused on comparing the plasma protein changes between patients with AD and their healthy counterparts, aiming to explore a specific protein panel as a potential biomarker for AD patients in Han Chinese. Hence, we recruited and collected plasma samples from 98 AD patients and 101 elderly healthy controls from Wuxi and Shanghai Mental Health Centers. Using a Luminex assay, we investigated the expression levels of fifty plasma proteins in these samples. Thirty-two out of 50 proteins were found to be significantly different between AD patients and healthy controls (P < 0.05). Furthermore, an eight-protein panel that included brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), angiotensinogen (AGT), insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP-2), osteopontin (OPN), cathepsin D, serum amyloid P component (SAP), complement C4, and prealbumin (transthyretin, TTR) showed the highest determinative score for AD and healthy controls (all P = 0.00). In conclusion, these findings suggest that a combination of eight plasma proteins can serve as a promising diagnostic biomarker for AD with high sensitivity and specificity in Han Chinese populations; the eight plasma proteins were proven important for AD diagnosis by further cross-validation studies within the AD cohort.

journal_name

Front Aging Neurosci

authors

Cheng Z,Yin J,Yuan H,Jin C,Zhang F,Wang Z,Liu X,Wu Y,Wang T,Xiao S

doi

10.3389/fnagi.2018.00414

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-12-17 00:00:00

pages

414

issn

1663-4365

journal_volume

10

pub_type

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