Protective role of GPR120 in the maintenance of pregnancy by promoting decidualization via regulation of glucose metabolism.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Intake of ω-3 PUFAs have been demonstrated to have positive effects on pregnancy outcome, whose receptor, GPR120, regulates several cellular functions including differentiation, metabolism and immune reaction. However, whether GPR120 is involved in decidualization and pregnancy remains unknown. METHODS:Decidua tissue from women with normal pregnancy and spontaneous abortion were collected to determine the expression profile of GPR120. Abortion mouse models and artificially induced deciduoma in mice were established to evaluate the effect of GPR120 on pregnancy outcome and in vivo decidualization. HESCs and primary DSCs were used to explore the roles of GPR120 in decidualization and mechanisms involved. FINDINGS:We found that GPR120 functioned to promote decidualization by upregulating glucose uptake and pentose-phosphate pathway (PPP) of human endometrial stromal cells. Firstly, the expression of GPR120 in decidua of spontaneous abortion was downregulated compared to normal decidua. Lack of GPR120 predisposed mice to LPS or RU486 induced abortion. Decidualization was augmented by GPR120 via improving GLUT1-mediated glucose uptake and G6PD- mediated PPP. FOXO1 was upregulated by GPR120 via activation of ERK1/2 and AMPK signaling and increased the expression of GLUT1. Furthermore, the expression of chemokines and cytokines in decidual stromal cells was enhanced by GPR120. Lastly, GPR120 agonist ameliorated LPS-induced abortion in the mice. INTERPRETATION:GPR120 plays significant roles in decidualization and the maintenance of pregnancy, which might be a potential target for diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous abortion. FUND: Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Program of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality.

journal_name

EBioMedicine

journal_title

EBioMedicine

authors

Huang J,Xue M,Zhang J,Yu H,Gu Y,Du M,Ye W,Wan B,Jin M,Zhang Y

doi

10.1016/j.ebiom.2018.12.019

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-01-01 00:00:00

pages

540-551

issn

2352-3964

pii

S2352-3964(18)30596-6

journal_volume

39

pub_type

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