An in vitro study showing the three-dimensional microenvironment influence over the behavior of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVES:The Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) ranks sixth worldwide. The mechanisms of growth, invasion and metastasis of this pathology are extensively studied and generally related to specific variations in signaling pathways like the PI3K-Akt; however most of these competent studies have been performed bidimensionally, which may hide important questions. This study sought to analyze the influence of the microenvironment upon the behavior of HNSCC. STUDY DESIGN:The status of pAkt, NF-κB and Cyclin D1 proteins was accessed through immunofluorescence and western blot methods in HNSCC cell lines originating from tongue, pharynx and metastatic lymph node when submitted to a three-dimensional culture model utilizing a matrix system. A bidimensional culture model (monolayer) was used as control. RESULTS:The HNSCC cell lines cultured three-dimensionally exhibited a growth pattern characterized by small isolated islands, different from the control group. When the three-dimensional model was applied, two of the studied cell lines showed the same expression pattern as the bidimensional model regarding nuclear or cytoplasmatic localization, as well as reduction of all protein levels; however, the cell line originated from tongue, which specially has the epidermal growth factor receptor constitutively activated, demonstrated nuclear translocation of pAkt and also an increase in the levels of Cyclin D1. CONCLUSIONS:The results suggest the influence of the microenvironment upon the behavior of HNSCC cells due to the changed expression of proteins related to tumor growth and cellular invasion. Furthermore, intrinsically genetic conditions also played important roles over the cells, despite the culture model employed.

authors

Salgueiredo-Giudice F,Corrêa-Abrahão A,Fornias-Sperandio F,da-Costa-Dal-Vechio AM,dos-Santos-Pinto-Junior D

doi

10.4317/medoral.17538

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-05-01 00:00:00

pages

e377-82

issue

3

eissn

1698-4447

issn

1698-6946

pii

17538

journal_volume

17

pub_type

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