Prostaglandins versus oxytocin for prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:The conventional method of induction of labour is with intravenous oxytocin. More recently, induction with prostaglandins, followed by an infusion of oxytocin if necessary, has been used. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this review was to assess the effects of induction of labour with prostaglandins compared with oxytocin, at or near term. SEARCH STRATEGY:We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register. SELECTION CRITERIA:Randomised and quasi-randomised trials of early stimulation of uterine contractions with prostaglandins (with or without oxytocin) versus with oxytocin alone (not combined with prostaglandins) in women with spontaneous rupture of membranes before labour (34 weeks or more gestation). DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:Two reviewers assessed trial quality and extracted data. MAIN RESULTS:Seventeen trials were included. Most of the trials were of moderate to good quality. Based on six trials, prostaglandins compared with oxytocin were associated with increased chorioamnionitis (odds ratio of 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.07 to 2.09) and maternal nausea/vomiting. Based on eight trials, prostaglandins were associated with a decrease in epidural analgesia, odds ratio of 0.85, 95% confidence interval 0.73 to 0.98 and internal fetal heart rate monitoring (based on one trial). Caesarean section, endometritis and perinatal mortality were not significantly different between the groups. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS:Women with prelabour rupture of membranes at or near term having their labour induced with prostaglandins appear to have a lower risk of epidural analgesia and fetal heart rate monitoring. However there appears to be an increased risk of chorioamnionitis and nausea/vomiting with prostaglandins compared to oxytocin.

authors

Tan BP,Hannah ME

doi

10.1002/14651858.CD000158

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-01-01 00:00:00

pages

CD000158

issue

2

issn

1469-493X

pii

CD000158

pub_type

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