Salt- and angiotensin II-dependent variations in amiloride-sensitive rectal potential difference in mice.

Abstract:

:1. In the rectum and distal nephron, sodium reabsorption is mediated by the amiloride-sensitive epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). The ENaC-mediated sodium transport is electrogenic and creates an amiloride-sensitive transepithelial potential difference (PD). 2. We have evaluated the salt- and angiotensin (Ang)II-dependent variations in amiloride-sensitive rectal PD in mice and assessed their relationship with renal sodium handling. 3. Rectal PD was measured in vivo in mice maintained on a medium-, low- or high-sodium diet. On a medium-salt diet, the mean (+/- SEM) amiloride-sensitive PD was larger in the afternoon than in the morning (-26.1 +/- 0.9 and -11.2 +/- 0.7 mV, respectively; P = 0.001), indicating a circadian cyclicity. Rectal PD increased on a low-sodium diet and decreased on a high-sodium diet. 4. Amiloride-sensitive rectal PD correlated significantly with the urinary Na+/K+ ratio (P < 0.001) and with sodium reabsorption in the distal nephron as measured by the lithium clearance technique (P < 0.001). 5. In mice treated with an AngII AT1 receptor antagonist, amiloride-sensitive rectal PD was increased in the afternoon compared with controls (-32.8 +/- 2.0 vs -24.4 +/- 0.9, respectively; P < 0.001). 6. At high doses, AngII decreased the amiloride-sensitive rectal PD and this effect was blunted by an AT1 receptor antagonist. 7. These results show the presence of a salt-dependent daily cyclicity of sodium transport in the mouse rectum that follows circadian changes in sodium handling in the distal nephron. Angiotensin II appears to modulate this diurnal pattern of rectal amiloride-sensitive sodium transport.

authors

Wang Q,Horisberger JD,Maillard M,Brunner HR,Rossier BC,Burnier M

doi

10.1046/j.1440-1681.2000.03204.x

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-01-01 00:00:00

pages

60-6

issue

1-2

eissn

0305-1870

issn

1440-1681

journal_volume

27

pub_type

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