众所周知，文章的讨论(Discussion)部分是在结合自己的研究结果基础上，对整个文章的结论的提炼和升华。这一部分是整个论文的'精'，往往起到点睛作用。 同时，很多杂志要求结果和讨论分开，这也就更突出了写好讨论的重要性。 那么，我们应该怎样写好讨论部分呢? 下面这篇文章借助Jim Hesson and Eveline Farias-Hesson的资料来逐步讲解：
首先要列出讨论部分写作的大纲，即【general outline of a discussion】：
The discussion section is that it is characterized by a series of points, rather than facts as in the results section (Swales and Feaks, 2004). These points are interpretive rather than descriptive as in the factual reporting in the results section。
Compared to the results section, it tends to be: more abstract, general, theoretical, related to the real world, concerned with practical applications and implications, as well as engaged in dialogue with the larger field of study (Swales and Feaks, 2004). The discussion section is where you will draw out, delineate and consolidate the meaning of the results, as well as tactfully dialogue with the broader community of your field and attempt to build community consensus on the meaning of your findings (Swales and Feaks, 2004).
in general, (over all, on average, by and large, on the whole, etc.) we found that..........
it may be helpful to think of the discussion as a story, and like other clear and coherent stories, the discussion has a beginning, middle and end (Zeiger, 1999).
In the beginning of the story, you will introduce the reader to your original purpose, and then name your major findings and present results that support these findings.
In the middle, you may show how other work supports your findings; report unexpected results; report on the novelty of the your work; explain conflicting results; suggest why your results are the way they are; explain how results of other studies do not agree with your findings, as well as defending your proposed answer against other possible answers to your main research question.
At the end of the story, you may also discuss the limits of the method and validity of the assumptions as well as describing applications or implications of your findings.
以上就是很概括的描述了写一个讨论部分需要“keep in mind”的概念，希望对大家写好英语论文都有点帮助。