SCI论文中摘要写作的固定格式

2018.10.18 10:14
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  论文的写作要遵循一定的格式,Abstracts是paper的一个缩写(miniature of whole paper),一定要简明扼要(less than 200 words,one paragraph),摘要部分一定也要让非专业人士看的懂。

  这里给大家介绍一个捷径就是从pubmed上搜索几十篇和自己研究内容相关或相似的文章的摘要,取其精华弃其糟粕(提醒一点,千万别照搬)。

  当然写摘要也有一些固定的格式,如下:

  第一句话: 讲一下你这篇文章的研究意义(但是有的杂志不需要这句话)

  1.表达【目的】的语法:

  (1) To eluicdatie the mechanism of xxx, we examined whether ….

  (2) To investigate the mechanism of xxx,we examined whetehr ….

  (3) The purpose of this study is ….

  (4) In order to ….

  (5) This paper describes …

  (6) To examine…

  (7) To determine …

  (8) To study …

  (9) To report….

  (10) To review…

  第二句话:.... was carried out .... with ...treatment. 讲述你研究的内容,

  第三句话:The result showed that ......, 讲述你这样研究得出的主要研究结果

  第四句话:The result of the present work implied that... 讲述由你的研究结果得出的结论

  

       2.表达【结果(result)】的语法:

  (1) We found that….

  (2)Our results indicate that….

  (3) The results show that….

  (4) The results demonstrated that….

  (5) The results reveal that….

  (6) It was shown that ….

  (7) It can be seen that ….

  (8) It was found that ….

  (9) It was discovered that ….

  (10) It was concluded that ….

  (11) It has been demonstrated that ….

  (12) It was clarified that ….

  (13) It was revealed that ….

  (14) It is considered that ….

  (15) It was confirmed that ….

  (16) It is suggested that ….

  (17) It was supposed that ….

  (18) It has become apparent that ….

  

       3.表达【结论(conclusion)(结果的含义)】的语法:

  (1) We suggest that….

  (2) The authers conclude that….

  (3) The authers consider that….

  (4) … (to be) due to ….

  (5) … (to be) attributed to ….

  (6) … (to be) assigned to ….

  (7) … (to be) interpreted on the basis of ….

  (8) … can be caused by ….

  (9) … may be explained by ….

  (10) … orginate in ….

  (11) … (to be) discussed in terms of ….

  (12) These results suggest that ….

  (13) These data confirm the presence of at least two major HCV genotypes in Nigeria.

  (14) These results support the idea that …;

  (15) These results fail to support the idea that ….

  e.g:These results do not support the idea that treatment to lower cholesterol concentration cause mood distrubance.

  (16) There is no evidence that ….(表示观点的确定或者不确定性)


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